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World Fears of war as Israel-Gaza violence escalates

12:40  12 may  2021
12:40  12 may  2021 Source:   bbc.com

The fighting in Gaza is over. The humanitarian crisis isn’t.

  The fighting in Gaza is over. The humanitarian crisis isn’t. Aid is beginning to flow, but the damage has been done.Earlier this week, Tibi hadn’t been sure if she would see the next morning, or the morning after that, so heavy was the bombardment from Israeli airstrikes. This week, Tibi’s daughter, pregnant for the first time, gave birth in the hospital, Tibi’s granddaughter, Naya, entering the world to the sound of shelling for hours and hours.

The deadly exchange of fire between Palestinian militants in the Gaza Strip and the Israeli military has escalated significantly, with the UN fearing a "full-scale war".

More than 1,000 rockets have now been fired by Palestinian militants over 38 hours, Israel said, most at Tel Aviv.

Israel has carried out deadly air strikes, bringing down two tower blocks in Gaza on Tuesday.

Israeli Arabs have also staged violent protests in a number of Israeli towns.

The city of Lod, near Tel Aviv, has been put under a state of emergency.

UN Secretary-General António Guterres said he was "gravely concerned" by the ongoing violence.

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Six Israelis and at least 35 Palestinians, including 12 children, have been killed since Monday.

The fighting follows weeks of rising tension stoked by violent confrontations between Israeli police and Palestinian protesters at a site in Jerusalem that is holy to both Muslims and Jews.

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Israel's military says this is the biggest exchange since 2014.

Of the 1,050 rockets and mortar shells that have now been fired from Gaza, 850 had landed in Israel or were intercepted by its Iron Dome air defence system, and 200 failed to clear the border and landed back in Gaza, the Israeli army said.

Video footage from the city showed rockets streaking through the night sky, some exploding as they were hit by Israeli interceptor missiles.

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  Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas Wants Israel's 'War Crimes' Punished by International Courts Israel said it has avoided civilians and given warnings ahead of some airstrikes, and that it is attacking only militant groups. Abbas is the head of the internationally backed Palestinian Authority, which was forced out of Gaza by the militant Hamas group in 2007. The Palestinian Authority now holds limited autonomy in parts of the Israeli-occupied West Bank. The International Criminal Court launched an investigation earlier this year into possible war crimes committed by Israel against Palestinian civilians during the last Gaza war in 2014. For more reporting from the Associated Press, see below.

Loud booms and air-raid sirens were heard across targeted cities, which included Tel Aviv, Ashkelon, Modiin, and the southern city of Beersheba, as Palestinian militants tried to overwhelm missile defences.

Anna Ahronheim, the defence and security correspondent of the Jerusalem Post, told the BBC: "To hear hundreds of interceptions and even to hear rockets fall near us was horrifying."

The rocket fire escalated after the two residential tower blocks were brought down in Gaza. Israel said it was targeting rocket launch sites, high-rise buildings, homes and offices used by Hamas, the militant group that rules Gaza.

Hamas said it was incensed by the "the enemy's targeting of residential towers".

Residents had been warned to evacuate the buildings before the fighter jets attacked, however health officials said there were still civilians deaths.

a view of a city at sunset: Israel's Iron Dome defence system fires interceptor missiles at rockets launched from the Gaza Strip © Reuters Israel's Iron Dome defence system fires interceptor missiles at rockets launched from the Gaza Strip

Fady Hanona, a journalist in Gaza City, tweeted a video he said showed explosion after explosion in Gaza on Wednesday morning.

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"What is happening is unbelievable," he said. "What we experienced this morning was more war than what we lived during the last three wars."

The international community has urged both sides to end the escalation, amid concerns it could spiral out of control. The UN's Middle East peace envoy, Tor Wennesland, said the sides were "escalating towards a full-scale war".

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Mr Guterres urged "a redoubling of efforts to restore calm".

US state department spokesman, Ned Price said Israel had the right to defend itself but the Palestinian people also had the right to safety and security.

https://twitter.com/SecBlinken/status/1392261709801349122

Israeli Defence Minister Benny Gantz said the Israeli strikes were "just the beginning".

"Terror organisations have been hit hard and will continue to be hit because of their decision to hit Israel," he said. "We'll return peace and quiet, for the long term."

Hamas leader Ismail Haniyeh said in a televised address: "If [Israel] wants to escalate, we are ready for it, and if it wants to stop, we're also ready."

Nearly 47K Palestinians Displaced by Fighting, Hundreds of Homes Destroyed: U.N.

  Nearly 47K Palestinians Displaced by Fighting, Hundreds of Homes Destroyed: U.N. U.N. Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs spokesman Jens Laerke said electricity across Gaza is available for only six to eight hours a day in the latest chapter of the conflict, which shows no signs of resolution, the Associated Press reported. Hamas and other militants have fired more than 3,400 rockets into Israel, whose response has destroyed 132 buildings and severely compromised an additional 316 housing units. Israel and Egypt have imposed a blockade on Gaza since Hamas' rise to power in 2007, a move Israel says is necessary to prevent the group from accessing arms.

State of emergency

Protests by Israeli Arabs in Lod escalated to full-scale rioting, with protesters throwing rocks at police, who responded with stun grenades.

A 52-year-old father and his 16-year-old daughter reportedly died when a rocket hit their car, with a number of other people injured in clashes, Israeli newspaper Haaretz reported.

The violence caused Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu to declared a state of emergency in Lod on Tuesday night. It was the first time the government had used emergency powers over an Arab community since 1966, The Times of Israel said.

Mr Netanyahu, who went to the city to call for calm, said he would impose a curfew if necessary.

Israeli media reported that synagogues and several businesses had been set on fire, while Reuters news agency said there were reports a car driven by an Arab resident had been stoned.

"All of Israel should know, this is a complete loss of control," Lod Mayor Yair Revivo was quoted as saying by the Times of Israel. "Civil war has erupted in Lod."

a motorcycle parked on the side of a building: The aftermath of an Israeli airstrike on Gaza City © Reuters The aftermath of an Israeli airstrike on Gaza City

Ben Gurion Airport, Israel's main international hub and one of the country's busiest, briefly halted flights on Tuesday and an energy pipeline between the cities of Eilat and Ashkelon was hit.

Hamas Unconcerned by Potential Israeli Ground Invasion, Says They Can 'Increase Our Catch' of Soldiers

  Hamas Unconcerned by Potential Israeli Ground Invasion, Says They Can 'Increase Our Catch' of Soldiers "As always, the aim is to strike military targets and to minimize collateral damage and civilian casualties," an Israeli military spokesman said. "Unlike our very elaborate efforts to clear civilian areas before we strike high-rise or large buildings inside Gaza, that wasn't feasible this time."But even the Israeli tank that fired 50 rounds at the border toward Gaza did not intimidate Hamas forces. Hamas military spokesman Abu Obeida told the Associated Press that the group was not afraid of a ground invasion. In fact, Obeida said it would be a chance to "increase our catch of Israeli soldiers.

There has also been unrest in other cities with a large Israeli Arab population, as well as in East Jerusalem and the West Bank.

text © BBC

It was another hard night for civilians inside Gaza and in Israeli towns on the other side of the border wire. Israel's next decision will be whether to send troops into Gaza.

The best chance of a ceasefire is from outside mediation, most likely through Egypt.

But at the moment, both Israel and Hamas are ramping up their rhetoric as well as continuing missile and rocket strikes.

There has also been trouble in Israeli towns with mixed Jewish-Palestinian populations. Twenty per cent of Israeli citizens are Arabs. The anger about events in Jerusalem and Gaza has caused communal violence and attacks on property.

map © BBC

What has caused the violence?

The fighting between Israel and Hamas was triggered by days of escalating clashes between Palestinians and Israeli police at a holy hilltop compound in East Jerusalem.

The site is revered by both Muslims, who call it the Haram al-Sharif (Noble Sanctuary), and Jews, for whom it is known as the Temple Mount. Hamas demanded Israel remove police from there and the nearby predominantly Arab district of Sheikh Jarrah, where Palestinian families face eviction by Jewish settlers. Hamas launched rockets when its ultimatum went unheeded.

Palestinian anger had already been stoked by weeks of rising tension in East Jerusalem, inflamed by a series of confrontations with police since the start of the Islamic holy month of Ramadan in mid-April.

map © BBC

It was further fuelled by an expected court ruling on the fate of the families in Sheikh Jarrah - ultimately postponed because of the unrest - and Israel's annual celebration on Monday of its capture of East Jerusalem in the 1967 Middle East war, known as Jerusalem Day.

The fate of the city, with its deep religious and national significance to both sides, lies at the heart of the decades-old Israel-Palestinian conflict. Israel in effect annexed East Jerusalem in 1980 and considers the entire city its capital, though this is not recognised by the vast majority of other countries.

Palestinians claim the eastern half of Jerusalem as the capital of a hoped-for state of their own.

Senior Hamas commander killed in airstrike .
Hamas militants have announced one of their most senior leaders in Gaza has been killed in an airstrike amid the worst violence in the region since 2014. © Reuters Smoke and flames rise from a tower building as it is destroyed by Israeli air strikes Gaza City commander Bassem Issa is the highest-ranking Hamas figure to be killed since the war there seven years ago.Israeli security services said he is one of 16 key Hamas members to die in the fighting that began on Monday.

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