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World China’s Tianwen-1 spacecraft completes historic Mars landing

08:30  15 may  2021
08:30  15 may  2021 Source:   aljazeera.com

the Chinese rover "Zhurong" should land on Mars tonight

 the Chinese rover © AFP Photo / China National Space Administration This photo undated, published on March 3, 2021 by the Chinese National Space Agency (CNSA), shows an image of Mars captured by the Chinese Tianwen-1 probe. China is preparing to attempt the landing at the surface of March of its small remote robot "Zhurong". A particularly delicate operation that testifies to the more and more bold spatial ambitions of Beijing. The spatial conquest continues.

An uncrewed Chinese spacecraft successfully landed on the surface of Mars on Saturday, state news agency Xinhua reported, making China the second space-faring nation after the United States to land on the Red Planet.

A lander is seen during a hovering-and-obstacle avoidance test for China's Mars mission at a test facility in Huailai, Hebei province, China in 2019 [File: Jason Lee/Reuters] © A lander is seen during a hovering-and-obstacle avoidance test for China's Mars mission at a test fa... A lander is seen during a hovering-and-obstacle avoidance test for China's Mars mission at a test facility in Huailai, Hebei province, China in 2019 [File: Jason Lee/Reuters]

The Tianwen-1 spacecraft landed on a site on a vast plain known as Utopia Planitia, “leaving a Chinese footprint on Mars for the first time”, Xinhua said.

China rover sends back first images from surface of Mars

  China rover sends back first images from surface of Mars The Zhurong is expected to spend about three months on the planet to study its surface soil and atmosphere.The rover was carried to Mars on the uncrewed spacecraft Tianwen-1 on Saturday, in the first successful probe landing by any country on its first mission to the planet.

The craft left its parked orbit at about 17:00 GMT Friday (1am Beijing time Saturday).

The landing module separated from the orbiter three hours later and entered the Martian atmosphere, the official China Space News said.

It said the landing process consisted of “nine minutes of terror” as the module decelerates and then slowly descends.

A solar-powered rover, named Zhurong, will now survey the landing site before departing from its platform to conduct inspections. Named after a mythical Chinese god of fire, Zhurong has six scientific instruments including a high-resolution topography camera.

The rover will study the planet’s surface soil and atmosphere. Zhurong will also look for signs of ancient life, including any sub-surface water and ice, using ground-penetrating radar.

NASA Boss Bill Nelson Says China 'Aggressive Competitor' After Mars Landing

  NASA Boss Bill Nelson Says China 'Aggressive Competitor' After Mars Landing Nelson said NASA is "suddenly realising that we don't own all of this" and he called for a push in the agency's moon landing ambitions.Testifying before the House Appropriations subcommittee on the president's 2022 space-related budget request, Nelson called China's space program "a very aggressive competitor," saying NASA now realises it doesn't own the lunar surface.

Tianwen-1, or “Questions to Heaven”, named after a Chinese poem written two millennia ago, is China’s first independent mission to Mars. A probe co-launched with Russia in 2011 failed to leave the Earth’s orbit.

The five-tonne spacecraft blasted off from the southern Chinese island of Hainan in July last year, launched by the powerful Long March 5 rocket.

After more than six months in transit, Tianwen-1 reached Mars in February, where it had been in orbit since.

If Zhurong is successfully deployed, China would be the first country to orbit, land and release a rover in its maiden mission to Mars.

Tianwen-1 was one of three that reached Mars in February, with US rover Perseverance successfully touching down on February 18 in a huge depression called Jezero Crater, more than 2,000km away from Utopia Planitia.

Hope – the third spacecraft that arrived at Mars in February this year – is not designed to make a landing. Launched by the United Arab Emirates, it is currently orbiting above Mars gathering data on its weather and atmosphere.

The first successful landing ever was made by NASA’s Viking 1 in July 1976 and then by Viking 2 in September that year. A Mars probe launched by the former Soviet Union landed in December 1971, but communication was lost seconds after landing.

China is pursuing an ambitious space programme. It is testing reusable spacecraft and is also planning to establish a crewed lunar research station.

In a commentary published on Saturday, Xinhua said China was “not looking to compete for leadership in space” but was committed to “unveiling the secrets of the universe and contributing to humanity’s peaceful use of space”.

The Zhurong Chinese robot begins to explore March .
The Zhurong Chinese robot is currently running on Mars and has already sent clichés from the red planet. © CNSA The Chinese remote robot "Zhurong" left Saturday its landing platform on Mars, a week after its arrival, to start exploring the surface of the Red Planet, reported the official China New Agency. The sending of this robot on Mars is a first for the Asian country that has become the second in the world to succeed in such an operation after the United States.

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