World Tropical cyclones in the Arabian Sea: Why are they increasing?
US Navy seizes huge weapons cache in Arabian Sea
Cache included dozens of advanced Russian-made anti-tank guided missiles and thousands of Chinese assault rifles.The US Fifth Fleet, which is based in Bahrain, said on Sunday the guided-missile cruiser USS Monterey intercepted the boat and discovered the cargo during a routine boarding in a two-day operation on May 6-7.
A powerful cyclonic system, Tauktae, is expected to make landfall in the Indian state of Gujarat late Monday after barrelling up the Arabian Sea in the Indian Ocean.
It is the equivalent of a Category 3 hurricane in the Atlantic and East Pacific Ocean basins and reports say it could be the biggest to hit western India in three decades.
Here are several facts on why stronger cyclones are developing in the region.
- What is a tropical cyclone? -
Cyclones are low-pressure systems that form over warm tropical waters, with gale-force winds near the centre. The winds can extend hundreds of kilometres (miles) from the eye of the storm.
Indian state braces for Tauktae, ‘most severe’ cyclone in decades
Powerful cyclone roaring in Arabian Sea moves towards Gujarat as authorities evacuate hundreds of thousands of people.Cyclone Tauktae has killed at least 12 people and left a trail of destruction as it brushed past the coastal states of Kerala, Karnataka, Goa and Maharashtra, authorities said. It is set to make landfall in Gujarat late on Monday.
Sucking up vast quantities of water, they often produce torrential rains and flooding resulting in major loss of life and property damage.
They are also known as hurricanes or typhoons, depending on where they originate in the world, when they reach sustained winds of at least 119 kilometres per hour (74 miles per hour).
Tropical cyclones (hurricanes) are the most powerful weather events on Earth, according to NASA.
- Why is climate change fuelling them? -
Ocean soak up more than 90 percent of the heat generated by greenhouse gases, leading to rising water temperatures.
As cyclones draw their energy from warm waters, the rising temperatures are causing intense storms to become more common, experts say.
"Now what is happening -- the Arabian Sea temperatures, the ocean's surface temperatures -- are warming rapidly," climate scientist Roxy Mathew Koll of the Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology told AFP.
21 dead, many missing as Cyclone Tauktae batters COVID-hit India
At least 21 dead and 96 missing after monster cyclone slams into western India, compounding misery amid COVID pandemic.Hundreds of thousands of people were without power after Cyclone Tauktae, one of a growing number of increasingly severe storms in the Arabian Sea blamed on climate change, hammered the Gujarat coast on Monday evening.
Rising sea levels could also boost storm surges from cyclones, making them even more deadly and destructive.
- Why are there more in the Arabian Sea? -
Scientists say historically, the Arabian Sea averaged two or three cyclones, that were typically weak, in a year.
The Arabian Sea also previously experienced fewer severe cyclones than the Bay of Bengal off India's eastern coast.
But rising water temperatures because of global warming is changing that, they said.
This is the first time since the start of satellite records in 1980 in India that there have been four consecutive years of pre-monsoon cyclones in the Arabian Sea.
"One of the reasons that we are seeing more and more storms and cyclones in the tropical regions, especially regions like Arabian Sea and all, is because of ocean warming, rapid ocean warming," Koll said.
Cyclone Tauktae In India: 89 people are always missing at sea
© Copyright 2021, the Obs eighty-nine people were always missing and hundreds of thousands of others were deprived of electricity in the West of India on Wednesday, May 19 after the cyclone passage Tauktae , further adding to the suffering of a country every day a little more endangered by CIVID-19.
"The Arabian Sea is one of the fastest warming basins across the global oceans."
Cyclones have been relatively rare in Gujarat, but they can be destructive and dangerous. The worst was in 1998 when more than 4,000 people died.
- What else is making them more deadly? -
Cyclones can unleash catastrophic storm surges -- tsunami-like flooding -- when they make landfall. They can be the deadliest part of a cyclone and are only partially affected by wind speeds.
The term "storm surge" refers to rising seas whipped up by a storm, creating a wall of water several metres higher than the normal tide level.
The large swells move faster than the cyclone and are sometimes spotted up to 1,000 kilometres ahead of a major storm.
The surge can extend for dozens of kilometres inland, overwhelming homes and making roads impassable.
A storm surge is shaped by a number of different factors, including storm intensity, forward speed, the size of a storm and the angle of approach to the coast.
The underlying features of the land at the coast, including bays and estuaries, are also at play.
In previous storms, people failed to flee because they did not grasp the surge's deadly threat.
That was the case for 2013's Super Typhoon Haiyan, which left 7,350 dead or missing in the central Philippines, primarily due to the surge.
A storm surge of up to four metres (13 feet) is likely to inundate some coastal districts of Gujarat during Tauktae's landfall, according to the Indian Meteorological Department.
Judge halts Georgia dredging plan over threat to sea turtles .
A federal judge ordered an immediate halt on Thursday to plans to dredge a shipping channel on the Georgia coast, citing a threat to sea turtles nesting on nearby beaches. The injunction by U.S. District Judge R. Stan Baker delivered an initial setback to the Army Corps of Engineers. The agency is trying to end a policy that for 30 years limited to the winter months the dredging of accumulated sand and mud in harbors from the Carolinas to Florida.