World Container Traffic: Industry Fears for upswing

19:35  10 june  2021
19:35  10 june  2021 Source:   tagesspiegel.de

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The German industry is ensured in the face of strong delays in global container shipping around the upswing after the Corona recession.

Das Containerschiff «Ever Given» ist im Suezkanal festgesetzt und blockiert die wichtige Schifffahrtsstraße zwischen Asien und Europa. © Ahmed Gomaa / Xinhua / dpa The container ship "Ever Given" is set in the Suez Canal and blocks the important shipping road between Asia and Europe.

"It must be avoided that by artificial bottlenecks of transport capacities in the maritime supply chain to bring the startup of the industry into stuttering», it says in a fire letter published on Thursday in Berlin to the Federal Government. "The seaworthy industry has long been suffering from a rapid deterioration of the reliability and quality of transport services in container maritime transport, especially on the routes between Asia, North America and Europe.»

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at Hapag-Lloyd, with a fleet of 241 ships and a total transport capacity of 1.7 million standard containers (TEU) one of the world's most important line premises in container ship ride, the push of industrial associations encounters a little understanding. Hapag-Lloyd regularly speak with all those involved about the situation. "We rather talk to each other than on top of each other," a spokesman said. "We know the challenges of industry - and they are ultimately the ones. Together, the industry - whether shipping, ports, domestic transporters and consignors - must draw on a strand. " Fire letters are not the appropriate means to improve the situation.

concretely, in the writing of industrial associations, is the speech of lack of availability of containers, missing transport capacities, unpuncture margin and quality deficits in highly increasing transport costs. These affected the supply chains and partly the production processes. Signed is the letter to the Minister Peter Altmaier (CDU / Economics) and Andreas Scheuer (CSU / Transport), among other things, from the Federal Association of German Industry (BDI) and the industry associations of the auto industry, mechanical engineering and chemistry.

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In Industry Circles, however, it is denied that there are failure of the shipping industry. Rather, there is a "concatenation of unhappy circumstances". In the background, on the one hand, the Corona Pandemic, which has strongly confused the line plans on the maritime battles around the globe. The days-long jam in the Suezkanal - triggered by the host of the container freighter "Ever Given" affected the already tense supply chains in addition. As a new problem, a Corona outbreak in China was added, which in the huge port of Yantian in the Chinese Province of Shen's shipping companies forces planned changes. The worldwide industry prime of Maersk counts in the port of Yantian, for example, with ship delays of more than 16 days.

seagoing ships have to wait a long time for the loading or deletion of their load because of the Corona Pandemic in Häfen anyway. A high charge volume is associated with a corona-added lower productivity in the ports as well as capacity bottlenecks at web and trucks to partly significant delays. The great challenge of the shipping industry is currently the provision of enough containers, which are not always available there because of the disturbed processes where they are needed. "Hapag-Lloyd has done everything in recent months to increase capacity - both ship capacities and empty containers," said it on Thursday at the shipping company.

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«On a speedy recovery as a result of a higher demand for ship's room, the market was not specularly not prepared," however, the BDI criticizes in a position paper. In addition, there have been deficits for a long time, "which indicate a declining competitive level" in the maritime transport market.

agreements between companies that could affect competition are prohibited by EU law in principle. However, exceptions can be made, for example, if that uses for the benefit of manufacturers and consumers of manufacture or distribution of goods. The corresponding rules of the game have long been regulated in a so-called block exemption regulation (GMOs) for maritime transport. Current requirement of the industry: The Federal Government must ensure that the EU regulations for cooperation between shipping companies in terms of quality and reliability are improved.

The GMO allows, for example, to coordinate timetables or sharing ships and port facilities under certain conditions. Similar to the aerospace industry, there are three large global alliances in container shipping, where the largest players cooperate.

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