•   
  •   

World With Open Skies Treaty Dead, Russia Kills Post-Cold War 'Open Lands' Deal with U.S.

03:45  11 june  2021
03:45  11 june  2021 Source:   newsweek.com

Ex-Leader of Russian Opposition Party Removed from Poland-Bound Plane, Detained by Police in Russia

  Ex-Leader of Russian Opposition Party Removed from Poland-Bound Plane, Detained by Police in Russia "There is a plan to put any people with a different view under arrest, but such people already are the majority," Andrei Pivovarvo said in a letter from police custody.Pivovarov announced last week that Open Russia was shutting down because Russian authorities deemed the group "undesirable." According to a 2015 Russian law, membership in an undesirable organization is a criminal offense.

Russian President Vladimir Putin has signed a law denouncing the Open Skies Treaty (OST). The document was published on the official portal of legal information. The law was passed unanimously by the State Duma in May. At a meeting of the upper house of parliament on 2 June, senators In November 2020, the United States officially withdrew from the NPT, explaining its decision by the fact that Russia had allegedly repeatedly violated several provisions of the treaty . In January, the Russian Foreign Ministry announced that it was launching domestic procedures to withdraw from the NPT.

The treaty was intended to build trust between Russia and the West by allowing the accord’ s more than three dozen signatories to conduct reconnaissance flights over each other’ s territories to collect information about military forces and activities. U . S . President Donald Trump declared Washington’ s intention to pull out of the Open Skies Treaty in May, arguing that Russian violations made it untenable for the United States to remain a party. The U . S . completed its withdrawal from the pact in November.

Days after officially pulling out of the Open Skies Treaty first abandoned last year by former U.S. President Donald Trump, Russia has nixed another post-Cold War bilateral agreement allow free travel for one another's officials within their respective host nations.

a person sitting at a table with a laptop and smiling at the camera: Russian Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin views a document during a meeting with the leadership of the A Just Russia political faction in the State Duma, Russia's lower house of parliament, at his office in Moscow, April 7, 2020. Mishustin was nominated by Russian President Vladimir Putin upon sweeping constitutional changes proposed by the Russian leader and the subsequent resignation of former premier Dmitry Medvedev. © Government of Russia Russian Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin views a document during a meeting with the leadership of the A Just Russia political faction in the State Duma, Russia's lower house of parliament, at his office in Moscow, April 7, 2020. Mishustin was nominated by Russian President Vladimir Putin upon sweeping constitutional changes proposed by the Russian leader and the subsequent resignation of former premier Dmitry Medvedev.

An order terminating the "Open Lands" memorandum of understanding, signed by Washington and Moscow nearly three decades ago after the dissolution of the Soviet Union, appeared Thursday on Russia's official online legal portal. The document was dated June 9, 2021, and signed by Russian Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin, who instructed the Foreign Ministry to "inform the American side of this decision."

for open-scale contract

 for open-scale contract Russia's President Putin has sealed the exit of his country from the Treaty on International Military Observation Flights, the so-called open-skies agreement. The USA had already gone out in May. © Martin Athenstädt / DPA / Picture-Alliance NATO Soldiers examined the camera window of a Russian Tupolew (archive image) The exit from the Agreement on the international military observation flights is from a law published by Kremlin.

The 2002 Open Skies Treaty , which Russia and the U . S . had long accused each other of breaching, allowed its three dozen members to conduct joint unarmed short-notice observation flights over countries’ territories to monitor potential military operations. Experts have warned that the U . S . withdrawal would debilitate its European NATO allies’ overflights because they lack satellite reconnaissance capabilities. Russia has said that its proposals to retain the treaty ’ s “viability” had been cold -shouldered by the U . S .

Why did Russia leave the Open Skies treaty ? There had been hopes that the current president would seek to return to the treaty . These hopes were dashed in May when the United States State Department informed Moscow that it would continue with Trump' s policy after concluding that Russia had not The Russian parliament voted to leave the treaty last week, although Putin had already announced the plan to withdraw in January — a member has to give six months' notice. Last year, US officials claimed that Russia violated the Open Skies Treaty by blocking surveillance flights around certain areas

The deal, signed June 17, 1992, shortly after Open Skies was established that March, allowed for the mutual opening of the former rival nations to permit travel by U.S. personnel across Russia and Russian personnel across the United States.

The easing of such prior restrictions was hailed at the time yet another triumph in burgeoning U.S.-Russia relations in the immediate aftermath of the Soviet Union's collapse. Today, however, the two nations once again find themselves locked in a geopolitical competition that has eroded agreements, including nuclear weapons treaties, forged in past decades.

The latest setback was forewarned in April by Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov, who threatened retaliation for President Joe Biden's decision to impose sanctions and expel some Russian diplomats over allegations that Moscow was involved in election interference and a comprehensive cyberattack on the U.S. As the Kremlin prepared to strike back, Lavrov listed a number of countermeasures, including withdrawal from the Open Lands deal due to apparent U.S. violations.

Exclusive: Polish Prime Minister Morawiecki on Threats Posed by Russia, China—and Big Tech

  Exclusive: Polish Prime Minister Morawiecki on Threats Posed by Russia, China—and Big Tech In his first in-depth conversation with a U.S. media outlet, the Polish prime minister expressed frustration with President Biden's energy policy, offered a nuanced view of China and stressed the need to push back on Big Tech.Newsweek Opinion Editor Josh Hammer and Polish-American journalist Matthew Tyrmand sat down in Warsaw with Prime Minister Morawiecki on May 27. A member of the national conservative Law and Justice party, Morawiecki has served as prime minister of the Republic of Poland since December 11, 2017.

The Open Skies Treaty , which was signed in 1992 and came into force in 2002, allows its three dozen members to conduct joint unarmed short-notice observation flights over countries’ territories to monitor potential military operations. Russia and the U . S . have long accused each other of breaching Open Skies , with Moscow blaming Washington for cold -shouldering its proposals to retain the treaty ’ s viability. Lawmakers in Russia ’ s two-chamber parliament had approved legislation on the treaty ’ s renunciation in less than a month since Putin first submitted it on May 11.

Russia is making preparations for the country' s withdrawal from the ' Open Skies ' Treaty , a key trust-building agreement of the late Cold War . It comes after the US unilaterally left the arrangement last November. The country’ s Foreign Ministry issued a statement on Friday in which it confirmed that “due to the lack of Formally completing its exit from the deal in November, Washington had accused Russia of failing to adhere to its terms, denying flights over sensitive areas and those observing military exercises. Moscow denies these claims, and instead has suggested the US intends to access intelligence taken from flights by

Explaining the rules of Open Land, Lavrov said that, "starting from a certain category of diplomats (advisers and below), it is necessary to notify the authorities of the host country when any of these employees are going to travel beyond a 25-mile radius around the city where their diplomatic mission is located." The problem, he argued, is that "the Americans completely ignore the requirement to send such notifications."

"There was a recent incident when representatives of the military attache office traveled in central Russia without any notification," Lavrov said at the time. "They simply ignored a question by an authorized representative and said they were not going to deal with this. We have decided to start the process of withdrawing from this memorandum. We will approach the trips of diplomats beyond the limits of their host cities on a case-by-case basis."

Biden’s First International Test: Can He Save Ukraine From Putin?

  Biden’s First International Test: Can He Save Ukraine From Putin? For many in Ukraine, the summit between Biden and Putin on June 16 has taken on a quasi-mythical quality. They fear it will be reminiscent of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact where Germany and the Soviet Union carved up Eastern Europe between them. “This is another meeting where the U.S. and Russia will divide the world between them,” said one alarmed Kyiv resident, Slava, 32. “I just hope that Ukraine will still be a free country.

The Open Skies agreement was initially signed in 1992, and was meant to act as a confidence-building measure after the Cold War . It entered into force a decade later and allowed signatories to fly unarmed flights over the territory of other participants, essentially meaning that parties could openly surveil each other without any escalation. In November last year, the US left the treaty , six months after then-president Donald Trump announced Washington would withdraw. His successor, Biden, is yet to signal any desire to rejoin the agreement. Earlier this month, Putin revealed that Russia would also leave the treaty .

The Open Skies Treaty was intended to build trust between Russia and the West by allowing the accord’ s more than three dozen signatories to carry out surveillance flights over each other’ s territories to oversee troop deployments and other military activities. More than 1,500 flights have been conducted Russia has rejected any violations, arguing that a few restrictions on observation flights it imposed in the past were permissible under the treaty and noted that the U . S . imposed more sweeping restrictions on observation flights over Alaska. As a condition for staying in the pact after the U . S . pullout, Moscow has

He also announced plans at the time to step away from the Open Skies Treaty, which allows for mutual flyovers of unarmed surveillance flights. Trump exited the longstanding agreement last November, just about two weeks after his electoral loss. Biden criticized the move at the time but has communicated no desire to rejoin the historic pact.

As such, an act calling for Russia's own exit from the agreement made its way through both chambers of parliament and, finally, was signed into law Monday by President Vladimir Putin.

The demise of the Open Skies Treaty follows that of the 1987 Intermediate-range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty, which banned the deployment of land-launched missiles with ranges between 310 and 3,420 miles. Trump scrapped this treaty in August 2019, leaving left only one bilateral nonproliferation agreement between the U.S. and Russia, the New Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (New START), which the previous administration failed to renew before leaving office.

Biden heeded Putin's offer to extend New START, which provides for mutual limits and verification measures on the U.S. and Russian nuclear arsenals, just days after being sworn into office. Since then, both men have expressed a desire to collaborate on arms control and other major issues set to be discussed next Wednesday as they gather for their first summit in the Swiss capital of Geneva.

Maligned NT treaty commissioner resigns

  Maligned NT treaty commissioner resigns The Northern Territory's indigenous treaty commissioner Mick Dodson has resigned amid allegations he abused and threatened an Aboriginal woman in Darwin.Professor Dodson has been under pressure to step down since he was accused of verbally abusing and threatening an Aboriginal woman at an interstate football game in Darwin in January.

In remarks delivered during the first leg of his European tour, Biden told U.S. Air Force personnel stationed at Royal Air Force Mildenhall in the United Kingdom that his administration is "not seeking conflict with Russia," but rather, "a stable, predictable relationship."

Russia Warns EU Relations Between Them Are 'at the Lowest Ebb in History'

  Russia Warns EU Relations Between Them Are 'at the Lowest Ebb in History' The U.N. council meeting came just ahead of the summit of the Group of Seven major industrialized nations—which Russia was ousted from in 2014—and next week's first meeting between U.S. President Joe Biden and Russian President Vladimir Putin.Polyansky disagreed with a lot of what EU foreign policy chief Josep Borrell said regarding the EU's commitment to "rules-based multilateralism." Polyansky said the EU often chooses "destructive unilateral approaches over careful and patient collective work seeking compromise and constructive solutions.

"Our two nations share incredible responsibilities, and among them, ensuring strategic stability and upholding arms control agreements. I take that responsibility seriously," Biden said. "But I've been clear: The United States will respond in a robust and meaningful way when the Russian government engages in harmful activities. We've already demonstrated that. I'm going to communicate that there are consequences for violating the sovereignty of democracies in the United States and Europe and elsewhere."

Noting Biden and Putin's history, White House Press Secretary Jen Psaki told reporters Wednesday that the president has "never held back in voicing his concerns or issues where their behavior is not aligned with democratic values, and he will certainly be straightforward in doing that in this meeting as well."

"But this is not about friendship. It's not about trust," she added. "It's about what's in the interest of the United States, and, in our view, that is moving toward a more stable and predictable relationship."

Biden reaffirms US commitment to NATO, cites 'new challenges' with Russia, China

  Biden reaffirms US commitment to NATO, cites 'new challenges' with Russia, China President Biden on Monday said NATO is "facing new challenges," specifically referring to Russia and China, while maintaining that the NATO alliance is "essential" and "critically important" for U.S. interests.From NATO headquarters in Brussels Monday, the president maintained that the United States is looking to have a "stable and constructive" relationship with Russia, while assuring that the U.S. will always "respond" in the face of Russia’s harmful activities, and will always defend its allies.

Putin's administration has also displayed interest in stabilizing ties. Lavrov said during Wednesday's virtual Primakov Readings forum that "there is an objective need for an exchange of views at the highest level on what threats Russia and the United States, as the two largest nuclear powers, see in the international arena."

"Clearly, normalization of Russian-U.S. relations, I'll stress this again, can only be possible if the principles of equality, mutual respect and non-interference in each other's internal affairs are observed," Lavrov said. "This is a prerequisite not only for maintaining a normal, predictable and steady dialogue (which the Americans claim they want), but it is also important for removing the accumulated issues of confrontation between our countries. We are ready for a candid conversation like this."

He tempered expectations, however, saying Moscow did not "entertain any illusions about potential 'breakthroughs'" from the first meeting between the two men since Biden took office in January.

Russian Foreign Ministry spokesperson Maria Zakharova reiterated this message the following day.

"I think it's important to talk about the realities," Zakharova told a press conference Thursday. "Expectations can be different, but the realities are very important because our country analyzes reality as the level of our relations, the amount of issues, the red lines that have been drawn."

She said such issues had been previously discussed and that the Russian position was known to the U.S., on whom the onus was to act.

The Putin summit may backfire on Biden

  The Putin summit may backfire on Biden The biggest risk Biden faces won’t come during the Putin summit. It’ll possibly come right afterward.That may sound good, but experts warn Biden is setting himself up for potential failure.

"We have discussed all these issues during our contacts with our American colleagues for a long time, we are not hiding anything," Zakharova said. "So this is the most important thing, discussing realities and discussing real problems, and everything else is just a byproduct."

Vladimir Putin, Joe Biden are posing for a picture: This combination of pictures created on June 7 shows Russia's President Vladimir Putin speaking with NBC news at the Kremlin on March 1, 2018 in Moscow (L) and U.S. President Joe Biden delivering remarks at The Queen theater in Wilmington, Delaware on January 15. Biden, like many U.S. leaders before him, has sought to stabilize relations with Russia, but widely diverging views of two countries has put one of the heaviest strains on the bilateral relationship since the end of the Cold War. JIM WATSON/ALEXEY NIKOLSKY/AFP/Getty Images © JIM WATSON/ALEXEY NIKOLSKY/AFP/Getty Images This combination of pictures created on June 7 shows Russia's President Vladimir Putin speaking with NBC news at the Kremlin on March 1, 2018 in Moscow (L) and U.S. President Joe Biden delivering remarks at The Queen theater in Wilmington, Delaware on January 15. Biden, like many U.S. leaders before him, has sought to stabilize relations with Russia, but widely diverging views of two countries has put one of the heaviest strains on the bilateral relationship since the end of the Cold War. JIM WATSON/ALEXEY NIKOLSKY/AFP/Getty Images

This is a developing news story. More information will be added as it becomes available.

Related Articles

  • Russia Military Intercepts U.S. Spy Plane While Conducting Massive Pacific Drills in Asia
  • U.S. Denies Russia Claims That Its Military Drills Are Cover to Send Arms to Ukraine
  • China, Russia to Take Up Korea Issue Together Amid Uncertainty over Biden's Approach

Start your unlimited Newsweek trial

The Putin summit may backfire on Biden .
The biggest risk Biden faces won’t come during the Putin summit. It’ll possibly come right afterward.That may sound good, but experts warn Biden is setting himself up for potential failure.

usr: 0
This is interesting!