World Zambia's Kenneth Kaunda, Africa's 'Gandhi', dead at 97
Kenneth Kaunda: A pioneer of African independence
The first president of an independent Zambia, who became one of Africa's elder statesmen, dies at 97.A man of great personal charm, he was hailed as a modernising force in the continent despite his initial rejection of the concept of multiparty democracy.
Zambia's founding president Kenneth Kaunda died on Thursday at the age of 97, the government announced, days after he was admitted to hospital with pneumonia.
Cabinet secretary Simon Miti said in an address on public television that Kaunda "died peacefully" at 2:30 pm (1230 GMT) at a military hospital where he had been receiving treatment since Monday.
Miti said it was with "deep regret and sorrow" that President Edgar Lungu announced "the passing of our beloved founding father, icon and global statesman".
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© Stephane de Sakutin The former Zambian President Kenneth Kaunda, on 17 August 2010, during a speech in Windhoek in Namibia Africa of the South has decreed on Friday ten days of national mourning in memory of the first Zambian President Kenneth Kaunda, died the day before at the age of 97 years of pneumonia in Lusaka, announced the presidency.
The government declared 21 days of national mourning, with flags flying at half-mast, and suspended all forms of entertainment.
"You have gone at a time we least expected," Lungu said on Facebook, describing him as a "true African icon."
Kaunda ruled Zambia for 27 years, taking the helm after the country gained independence from Britain in October 1964.
Popularly known by his initials KK, he was head of the main nationalist party, the left-of-centre United National Independence Party (UNIP) that led the country after British colonial rule.
While in power he hosted many of the movements fighting for independence or black equality in other countries around the region, including South Africa's African National Congress (ANC).
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- 'Africa's Gandhi' -
Kaunda was nicknamed by some "Africa's Gandhi" for his non-violent, independence-related activism in the 1960s.
But his popularity at home waned as he became increasingly autocratic and banned all opposition parties.
He eventually ceded power in the first multi-party elections in 1991, losing to trade unionist Fredrick Chiluba.
Despite the change over of power between different political parties since Kaunda left office, the landlocked southern African country has enjoyed relative stability.
In later life, Kaunda regained stature as an African statesman, helping to mediate crises in Zimbabwe and Kenya.
News of his death started filtering through social media and by the time government officially announced it, sombre Zambians had been anxiously glued to television screens in public places.
- 'Charismatic, selfless' -
In a show of respect, the largest opposition party, the United Party for National Development (UPND), temporarily halted all election campaigning ahead of the August 12 vote.
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"We urge all to remain peaceful and united as we continue to reflect on the life of... Kaunda, the immense sense of duty, service and sacrifice with which he led and served our country," the UPND said in a statement.
One of Kaunda's last major international public appearances was in December 2013 during Nelson Mandela's funeral. At the age of 89 even then, he jogged up to the podium to pay tribute.
"This is really a dark day for Zambia," a 50-year-old Lusaka resident Herbert Simbeye, who attended the same church as Kaunda, told AFP.
"At his 90th birthday, my son was one of the people who gave KK flowers at church".
"We will not forget Kaunda's contributions to the struggles against colonialism and apartheid," the Nelson Mandela Foundation said in a statement.
In neighbouring Botswana, President Mokgweetsi Masisi has declared seven days of mourning in honour of the "charismatic" and "selfless" Kaunda, whom he described as an "iconic statesman of the highest credentials".
Punches and death threats undermine goal of African unity .
MPs brawled after failing to agree on a new president, showing how elusive political unity remains.The ugly scenes came amid sharp divisions over who the next president of the 235-member parliament should be, with southern African delegates insisting that their candidate should be chosen to end the dominance of other regions.