World Record number of displaced people despite Covid
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The number of people who have been forced to flee their homes around the world has risen to a record 82 million despite the impact of the pandemic, the UN's refugee agency (UNHCR) says.
The total has doubled in a decade and means more than 1% of the world's population is displaced.
The pandemic had led to a significant reduction in asylum applications and overall migration, the UNHCR said.
But the 11.2 million people displaced last year was still more than in 2019.
Many were forced to flee because of persecution, conflict, violence and human rights violations.
The vast majority were internally displaced, with travel restrictions leaving them less able to cross international borders.
Haiti: Thousands displaced as gang violence, insecurity escalates
Displaced families in Port-au-Prince urgently need clean water, food, clothes and other necessities, UN warns.In a statement, UNICEF said on Tuesday nearly 8,500 women and children have been displaced in two weeks, as clashes between rival gangs broke out in the areas of Martissant, Fontamara and Delmas. Hundreds of houses have been burned down or damaged in the fighting.
Meanwhile, only 250,000 refugees were able to return to their countries of origin and only 34,000 were able to be resettled in third countries, the UNHCR said in its Global Trends Report.
The UNHCR said it was only a matter of time before the number of displaced people worldwide topped 100 million.
"We need much greater political will to address conflicts and persecution that force people to flee in the first place," said UN High Commissioner for Refugees Filippo Grande.
The UN body said it expected conflicts to intensify in 2021 as coronavirus restrictions are relaxed. It warned that food crises were set to worsen, with protracted conflict, extreme weather and the pandemic exacerbating shortages.
UK envoy warns of famine threat in Ethiopia’s Tigray region
An estimated 350,000 people in Tigray are facing hunger on a scale not seen since the famine in Somalia.UK Ambassador Barbara Woodward told reporters in New York on Tuesday there is a risk that hundreds of thousands of people or more will die. She noted the economy has been destroyed along with crops and farms.
South Sudan, the Central African Republic and Syria were at risk of famine, it said.
Meanwhile, the number of people in extreme poverty worldwide was expected to rise to between 119 million and 124 million as a result of the pandemic.
More than half of the total number of displaced people - about 48 million - are displaced internally, the UNHCR said.
While the pandemic made it harder to cross international borders to escape, the UNHCR said some countries had continued to ensure displaced people could access their territory. It saidand had put in place Covid testing for them.
More than two-thirds of those displaced abroad come from just five countries.
They include Syria, where the civil war now in its 10th year has displaced 13.5 million people - more than half the country's population. About half of those displaced have fled abroad while the rest are internally displaced.
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Nearly three-quarters of people displaced abroad are hosted in neighbouring countries.
The displaced population also includes a growing number of children born as refugees. The UNHCR said nearly one million children were born as refugees between 2018 and 2020.
Yet despite the bleak overall picture, the UNHCR said there were a couple of encouraging signs, includingand 125,000 in 2022, and Colombia's decision to give more than a million Venezuelans temporary protected status.
Crisis at Cabo Delgado: 70,000 Mozambicans displaced in four months .
© Liliana Henriques / RFI Moved Young people from Cabo Delgado in the Metuge Camp, in May 2021. Attacks continue in Mozambique in this province of the Far North. Video: SADC is preparing to reconquer Cabo Delgado with the Hands of Terrorists (Euronews) Your Browser Does Not Support This Video Since March 24 Palma is the theater of violence. They have, in particular, brought a total to suspend its activities in the region.