World The disillusionment of South African youth, 30 years after the end of apartheid

19:05  18 june  2021
19:05  18 june  2021 Source:   ouest-france.fr

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Un Sud-Africain Seth Mazibuko se tient le 14 juin 2021 à l'endroit où Hector Pieterson a été tué durant la révolte de Soweto en 1976 © Phill Magakoe a South African Seth Mazibuko stands on June 14, 2021 at the place where Hector Pieterson was killed during the revolt From Soweto in 1976

thirty years after the end of apartheid, the South African youth did not have its share of the dream then promised: in a country where nearly half of the inhabitants less than 26 years old, two young people In three are unemployed.

The latest laws of the "separation" regime were officially abolished in 1991: "These laws will no longer apply from June 30," said Parliament that year, President Frederik of Klerk.

Three decades later, Tumelo say, 21 years old, sells muffins to 30 cents euros coin on a sidewalk of soweto to pay for rent.

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"It's so we've been there he took a bullet?" Asks the young man at the foot of the memorial Hector Pieterson, killed during riots that started in Township schools, marking a turning point in The fight against apartheid.

On June 16, 1976, 20,000 schoolchildren are rising and descended into the streets of Soweto against the imposition of Afrikaans, "the language of the oppressor", as a language of instruction. Pacific movement ends up in a blood bath when the font opens fire. One of the first victims is Hector Pieterson, 12 years old.

Vue générale d'une partie du township de Soweto, en Afrique du Sud, le 27 août 2002 © Philippe Desmazes General view of a part of the Toweto Township, South Africa, August 27, 2002

in these same streets that led the Rainbow nation to freedom, tumelo say, "born and High here, "wonders" what thought about those who struggled and sacrificed themselves ... would they be disappointed? "

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- "Mandela, it's just a name" -

In a long speech Wednesday, riot commemoration day, President Cyril Ramaphosa has grown government initiatives to remedy youth unemployment. But the reality remains that the "grandchildren" of Nelson Mandela are today the first victims of endemic unemployment, still aggravated by the pandemic of Covid-19 and which reaches a record, affecting more than 32% of the population of 59 million inhabitants.

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A some streets of the old house of the first black African President, Thabo Mogogosi, 20 years old, Wait without much hope on the edge of a road from Soweto that it offers a little job for the day. "Mandela is just a name," he lets go, any lost illusion.

"I do not shoot any of his fight for freedom, I did not get anything from the liberation that everyone speaks all the time," he continues bitterly. Out of high school two years ago, he has never worked since. And he did not have enough to finance studies.

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Nelson Mandela à sa libération le 11 février 1990, avec sa femme Winnie - Alexander Joe - AFP © Alexander Joe Nelson Mandela on his release on February 11, 1990, with his wife Winnie - Alexander Joe - AFP

"They do not have work and are excluded" universities because they do not have enough to pay Their schooling, Assenes Muzi Khoza, the Youth League of the Opposition Party Economic Freedom Fighters (EFF). This radical party attracts many young people who believe that Mandela should have obtained more white power, during negotiations that ended the racist regime.

Un Sud-Africain, Seth Mazibuko, devant le musée Hector Pieterson à Soweto, le 14 janvier 2021 © Phill Magakoe A South African, Seth Mazibuko, in front of the Hector Pieterson Museum in Soweto, January 14, 2021

- "Forgotten" -

for this generation free born, which has never knew apartheid, democracy Of course, they can vote, take transport and use public toilets, black-reserved areas have disappeared for decades. But they are now demanding "economic freedom".

"The young people have seen how, since 1994 (Year of the election of Nelson Mandela to the Presidency, NDLR), the economic policies have not only maintained the privileges, but also created a new class of preferred black elites", explains At AFP the Politologist Sphiwe Dube, teacher at the University of Witwatersrand, in Johannesburg.

among the youngest leaders of the Soweto Revolt, Seth Mazibuko, now 64 years old, believes that "the fight is not finished".

"There are people who are still in poverty and see politicians fatten while they are hungry," he says, mentioning those who, from the fight and thanks to the credit granted by the History, have climbed the markets of the party in power, the ANC, and are today in the center of scandals to have for years looted the money of the state.

for tumelo say, "these have forgotten where they come from and they forgot ourselves".


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