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World Over 1,100 Migrants Have Died in 2021 Attempting Sea Crossing into Europe: U.N.

18:19  14 july  2021
18:19  14 july  2021 Source:   newsweek.com

Tunisia: the bodies of 21 migrants offset off SFAX

 Tunisia: the bodies of 21 migrants offset off SFAX © Provided by the point Tunisia L A Tunisian maritime custody has repeated Monday 21 corpses of migrants originating in? AFRICA sub-Saharan and rescued 50 off SFAX, in the center of the Tunisia , after the sinking of their boat that was trying to rally clarify L? Europe . "Twenty-one corps of migrants were drafted after the sinking of their boat on July 4th, and fifty were rescued," said L? Agence France-Presse Houcem Eddine IBabi, spokesperson for the National Guard (Gendarmerie).

At least 1,146 people died while attempting to reach Europe by sea during the first six months of 2021, the U.N. migration agency said in a report on Wednesday.

a group of people riding on the back of a truck: Waleed, 29, a Kuwaiti migrant, lifts a child onboard the DHB Dauntless tug boat as he is brought to shore by the UK Border Force after illegally crossing the English Channel from France on a dinghy on September 11, 2020, in the marina at Dover, on the south coast of England. The number of people who have attempted to cross into Europe by sea during the first six months of 2021 has more than doubled compared to the first six months of 2020. © Ben Stansall/AFP via Getty Images Waleed, 29, a Kuwaiti migrant, lifts a child onboard the DHB Dauntless tug boat as he is brought to shore by the UK Border Force after illegally crossing the English Channel from France on a dinghy on September 11, 2020, in the marina at Dover, on the south coast of England. The number of people who have attempted to cross into Europe by sea during the first six months of 2021 has more than doubled compared to the first six months of 2020.

According to the International Organization for Migration (IOM), the number of migrants and refugees who died between January and June of this year more than doubled compared to the first six months of 2020. It also reported the number of people attempting to cross the Mediterranean into Europe had increased by 58 percent.

asylum seekers: The United Kingdom is barricated behind a new legislation

 asylum seekers: The United Kingdom is barricated behind a new legislation © AP - Matt Dunham The British Interior Minister Prii Patel on January 21st at 10 Downing Street in London. Prii Patel, the British Interior Minister defends a draft reform which aims to discourage illegal immigration by increasing sentences against illegal migrants and complicating the path of asylum seekers. by Antoine CASALTA, The Government of Boris Johnson presented this Tuesday, July 6 a bill hardening the British asylum system.

As many shipwrecks are not reported and accidents at sea can be difficult to verify, the agency said the actual number of deaths may be far higher than stated in the report, the Associated Press reported.

For more reporting from the Associated Press, see below.

a body of water with a city in the background: FILE - In this Thursday, May 20, 2021 file photo, the body of a young man covered with an emergency blanket after being recovered by Spanish police from waters near the border between Morocco and Spain's north African enclave of Ceuta. The U.N. migration agency says the number of migrants and refugees who died while attempting to reach Europe on dangerous sea routes more than doubled so far this year compared to the first six months of 2020. The International Organization for Migration said in a new report Wednesday, July 14, 2021 that at least 1,146 people perished between January and June. Bernat Armangue, File/AP Photo © Bernat Armangue, File/AP Photo FILE - In this Thursday, May 20, 2021 file photo, the body of a young man covered with an emergency blanket after being recovered by Spanish police from waters near the border between Morocco and Spain's north African enclave of Ceuta. The U.N. migration agency says the number of migrants and refugees who died while attempting to reach Europe on dangerous sea routes more than doubled so far this year compared to the first six months of 2020. The International Organization for Migration said in a new report Wednesday, July 14, 2021 that at least 1,146 people perished between January and June. Bernat Armangue, File/AP Photo

The Central Mediterranean route between Libya and Italy was the deadliest, claiming 741 lives. Next was the stretch of the Atlantic Ocean between West Africa and Spain's Canary Islands, where at least 250 people died, the agency said. At least 149 people also died on the Western Mediterranean route to Spain, as well as at least six on the Eastern Mediterranean route to Greece.

Man Jumps Off Ship Jammed With 572 People Running Out of Food

  Man Jumps Off Ship Jammed With 572 People Running Out of Food ROME—No one may ever know for sure what drove a man who had just been rescued to jump overboard a migrant rescue vessel on Wednesday night. It could have been the smell of sweat, urine and vomit from 572 people crammed in the ship—or the fact that no one in Europe seems to give a damn about their fate. After jumping ship, the man was rescued again, and told his saviors, the French N.G.O. SOS Mediterranee Search and Rescue, that he “could not take it anymore.” © Provided by The Daily Beast ALESSANDRO SERRANO/AFP via Getty Images ????#OceanViking: Still no port assigned to disembark 572 people. The situation is worsening by the hour.

The IOM says the actual number of deaths on sea routes to Europe may be far higher as many shipwrecks go unreported and others are hard to verify.

Human rights organizations have warned that the absence of government search and rescue vessels, particularly in the Central Mediterranean, would make migrant crossings more dangerous, as European governments increasingly rely on and support North African countries with fewer resources to handle search and rescue operations.

Tunisia increased such operations by 90 percent in the first six months of 2021, while Libyan authorities intercepted and returned more than 15,000 men, women and children to the war-torn country, three times more people than in the same period last year, the IOM report said.

Meanwhile, Italian authorities increasingly targeted charity rescue ships that have worked over the years to fill the void left by European governments, routinely detaining the vessels operated by nongovernmental organizations for months, sometimes years.

Russia Says U.S., Allies 'Doomed to Failure' if They Try to Test Black Sea Borders

  Russia Says U.S., Allies 'Doomed to Failure' if They Try to Test Black Sea Borders "Imagine a situation where Russia conducts drills in the Gulf of Mexico. This would have sparked a storm of indignation in the US," Moscow's embassy in Washington said.Russia has warned that the United States and Western allies would not succeed if they sought to test the country's willingness to defend the borders it claims amid heightened tensions accompanying drills conducted by NATO and partnered forces in the Black Sea.

While many factors contributed to this year's higher death toll, including an increase in the number of flimsy boats attempting sea crossings, "the absence of proactive, European, state-led search and rescue operations in international waters combined with restrictions on NGOs" was among the main factors, IOM spokesperson Safa Msehli said.

"These people cannot be abandoned in such a dangerous journey," Msehli told The Associated Press.

Italy detained nine NGO-operated ships so far this year, according to Matteo Villa, a research fellow for the independent think thank ISPI, who tracks data and statistics on migration.

Mediterranean countries such as Italy, Malta, Spain and Greece have repeatedly asked other European countries for help caring for the people who are rescued and brought to their shores.

Last year, when pandemic restrictions made it hard to move between countries, the number of refugees and migrants arriving in Europe by sea dropped to its lowest level since 2015. That year, 1 million reached Europe, many of them refugees fleeing the war in Syria.

Greece. Athens pursues the illegal refups of migrants

 Greece. Athens pursues the illegal refups of migrants © AFP Archives of asylum seekers in a pneumatic canoe off the Greek island of Kos, in August 2015. Greek coastguards still blocked the crawler boats. 'asylum. In defiance of risks and international law. It has been two years since the Greek coast guards, but also European officials from the Frontex agency who support them, are accused of conducting illegal interceptions in the sea of ​​migrants, then turned to Turkey .

The deadliest shipwreck so far this year took place April 22 off Libya, when 130 people drowned despite sending multiple distress calls.

The EU-trained and equipped Libyan coast guard was criticized after video emerged showing one of its vessels chasing and firing warning shots at a migrant boat on June 30. Libyan authorities acknowledged the coast guard vessel's actions endangered the lives of migrants and vowed to hold those responsible to account.

In recent years, human rights groups have reported the mistreatment, torture and abuse of migrants and refugees after they are intercepted by the Libyan coast guard and placed in dreadful detention centers.

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Around 500 Migrants Intercepted off Libyan Coast in 1 Day, Returned to Tripoli .
According to an International Organization for Migration spokeswoman, the migrants returned to Libya included nine children and 43 children.The migrants included nine children and 43 women, and were taken back to the Mabani detention center in Tripoli, according to Safa Msehli, a spokeswoman for the International Organization for Migration (IOM).

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