World 'You weren't paranoid': Mexico at heart of spyware scandal
Private Israeli malware used to spy on journalists, activists: report
Activists, journalists and politicians around the world have been spied on using cellphone malware developed by a private Israeli firm, reports said Sunday, igniting fears of widespread privacy and rights abuses. The Guardian wrote that the investigation suggests "widespread and continuing abuse" of Pegasus, which NSO says is intended for use against criminals and terrorists. Amnesty International and Forbidden Stories, a Paris-based media non-profit organization, initially had access to the leak, which they then shared with media organizations.
Journalist Marcela Turati always suspected the Mexican authorities were spying on her. Now she's almost certain, after appearing in a leaked list at the center of a global spyware scandal.
"People have written to me saying: 'Look, you weren't crazy, you weren't paranoid,'" she told AFP on Monday.
Some 15,000 Mexican smartphone numbers were among more than 50,000 believed to have been selected by clients of Israeli firm NSO Group for potential surveillance, according to an international media investigation.
An Israeli society accused of serving the worldwide spy for reporters and dissidents
© supplied by the point d militants, journalists and opponents of the world have been spied by a software developed by the company Israeli NSO Group, according to a Sunday published survey that strengthens long-standing suspicions on this company. This company, founded in 2011 north of Tel Aviv markets, the Spy Pegasus software which, if it is introduced into a smartphone, allows to recover the messages, the photos, the contacts, and even to listen to the calls from his owner.
They include numbers linked to 25 journalists and even President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador's inner circle before he took office.
Although the Mexican license for Pegasus software acquired under former president Enrique Pena Nieto expired in 2017, Turati believes that monitoring continues in other ways.
"Almost all journalists in Mexico know and feel that we are under some kind of surveillance," the award-winning reporter said.
"It's something that is assumed, especially because Mexico is among the most dangerous countries to practice the profession," the 47-year-old said.
The revelations emerged over the weekend as part of a collaborative investigation by The Washington Post, The Guardian, Le Monde, Mexico's Aristegui Noticias and other media outlets.
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One of the Mexican journalists on the list was murdered in 2017 after criticizing alleged links between politicians and criminals.
Cecilio Pineda was one of more than 100 journalists murdered since 2000 in Mexico, one of the world's deadliest countries for reporters.
At the time that Turati appears to have been targeted through NSO, she and two colleagues were investigating the corruption scandal engulfing Brazilian conglomerate Odebrecht.
Emilio Lozoya, a former top advisor to Pena Nieto, has alleged that Odebrecht bribes were funneled to the ex-leader's presidential campaign.
Turati also investigated massacres of migrants and the disappearance of 43 teaching students in 2014, a case that drew widespread international condemnation.
Relatives of the missing students and human rights defenders were also targeted through NSO, according to the international probe by the Pegasus Project.
Why unchecked snooping threatens India's democracy
The Pegasus spyware revelations hint at the scale of electronic surveillance of India's citizens."This is an incredible intrusion," he said. "Nobody should have to deal with this.
- 'Nobody's spied on' -
Lopez Obrador, in power since 2018, has not commented directly on the revelations.
But he alluded to them in comments Monday related to the case of a missing journalist, saying that "nobody's spied on anymore. Freedoms are guaranteed."
The leaked list of smartphone numbers did not include Lopez Obrador himself, according to Aristegui Noticias.
Spionage Scandal: Cyber Security has its price. Let's pay him!
The scandal about the PEGASUS spy software discloses gaping gaps in the digital network: Reaper highly specialized software deficiencies only on louder customers? The EU must act. A guest contribution. © dpa The PEGASUS spyware can be unnoticed and remotely installed on foreign smartphones. This virus could develop a similar incidence as the Corona pathogen.
The leftist leader "apparently did not use a personal cell phone" and communicated through his aides, it said.
NSO insists its software is only intended for use in fighting terrorism and other crimes.
Mexico was the first country in the world to buy Pegasus from NSO "and became something of a laboratory for the spy technology," according to The Guardian.
Mexican agencies that have acquired the spyware include the defense ministry, the attorney general's office and the national security intelligence service, it said.
Lopez Obrador's wife, children, brother and even his cardiologist were among those selected for potential surveillance using Pegasus malware between 2016 and 2017, according to Aristegui Noticias.
At the time, Lopez Obrador was the opposition leader and political rival of Pena Nieto.
Mexico City Mayor Claudia Sheinbaum, cabinet ministers and other officials of the current government were also identified as potential targets, it said.
There was a "persecutory practice of political espionage used by the old regime," Sheinbaum told Aristegui Noticias, whose director Carmen Aristegui also appears to have been targeted.
Modi rival demands India inquiry into Pegasus claims .
Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi's main political rival Rahul Gandhi on Friday demanded an inquiry into the Pegasus spyware scandal, accusing the government of "treason". Gandhi is one of dozens of Indian politicians, journalists and government critics on an alleged global database of 50,000 possible Pegasus spying targets that was revealed by an international group of media outlets. The Indian government has rejected spying claims although critics note it has not said whether it is a client of NSO Group, the Israeli maker of the Pegasus spyware which effectively captures a target's cellphone.