World nipah virus: what we know about this serious illness that worries WHO

15:20  15 september  2021
15:20  15 september  2021 Source:   lepoint.fr

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Virus Nipah : ce que l'on sait sur cette maladie grave qui inquiète l'OMS © UNSPLASH virus nipah: what we know about this serious illness that worries WHO Sunday 5 September 2021, a child 12 years old died in India. It had been infected with the Nipah virus, which causes a disease against which there is no treatment or vaccine. The health authorities fear a potential epidemic. We take stock.

"For the moment, there is no reason to panic, but we need to be cautious." This announced Veena George, Minister of Health of the State of Kerala, following the death of a 12-year-old boy infected with the Nipah virus.

A death in less than 48 hours and two other cases confirmed

hospitalized on September 3, 2021, the young boy had symptoms of myocarditis , inflammation of heart muscle and encephalitis, a brain infection. He died 48 hours later in the hospital. According to CBS, a sample taken from the child has returned positive to the Nipah virus, after his analysis by the National Institute of Indian Virology.

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The Indian government also clarified that two health workers have presented symptoms of the NIPAH virus and are therefore potentially infected. The latter are part of the 20 high-risk contacts of the deceased child. In total, 188 people would come into contact with the victim.

The Kerala State in Vigilance

Since the death of this child infected with the Nipah virus, worry reigns in the province of Kerala, in total alert.

Nipah Virus Has Been Detected in the Kozhikode District of Kerala.

Central Government Has Rushed a Team to Kerala to Support The State In Public Health Measures and Provide Technical Support. https://t.co/daettt3yl6

- Mansukh Mandaviya (@mansukhmandviya) September 5, 2021

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With a 70% mortality rate This virus is an infectious agent emerging capable of triggering stringent epidemics if it was changing to gain transmissibility, explains the Institut Pasteur.

What is the Nipah virus?

The Nipah Virus (VIN) is transmitted from the animal to humans including via bats but also pigs and horses. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), it is a zoonotic virus but can be transmitted from one person to another.

identified for the first time in Malaysia in 1999 following a multiplication of cases in pig farms, this virus continues to circulate for twenty years.

In the first outbreaks of infections, a large number of inhabitants had been contaminated as a result of direct contact with pigs and other infected animals. "The most likely source of infection was the consumption of fruits or products contaminated by urine or saliva of infected bats," says WHO.

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Virus Nipah: What are the symptoms?

The symptoms occur between four and fourteen days after being exposed to the virus: fever, migraine, cough, pains at the throat level, difficulty breathing, vomiting.

As coronavirus, the Nipah virus can cause an asymptomatic disease. However, its particularity translates into acute respiratory infection or even deadly encephalitis.

So how to fight such a virus? No vaccine or treatment exist to combat NIPAH. The only lever that can be activated to limit the transmission of the virus is prevention.

The Institut Pasteur indicated that the global health authorities have made the NIPAH virus "a research priority in order to prevent sanitary seizures".


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This is interesting!