World World on 'catastrophic' path to 2.7C warming: UN chief
On thin ice: Near North Pole, a warning on climate change
A massive icebreaker cuts its way through the frozen waters of the Arctic Ocean, clearing a path to the North Pole, all white as far as the eye can see. Less ice means more water and more heat," he says, standing in the mist that envelopes the ice shelves of the North Pole. - 'We are just guests' -After his many years at sea, icebreaker captain Lobusov says the changes in the Arctic are undeniable.Along with the thinner Arctic ice, he says the North Pole is now covered in fog in the summer. "I think it's also the effect of warming, there is more humidity in the air," he says.
A failure to slash global emissions is setting the world on a "catastrophic" path to 2.7 degrees Celsius heating, UN chief Antonio Guterres warned Friday just weeks before crunch climate talks.
His comments come as a United Nations report on global emissions pledges found instead of the reductions needed to avoid the worst effects of climate change, they would see "a considerable increase".
This shows "the world is on a catastrophic pathway to 2.7-degrees of heating," Guterres said in a statement.
Most fossil fuels 'must stay unburned' for one-in-two chance of meeting 1.5C warming limit
Australia must leave almost all its coal in the ground, as well as a good chunk of its oil and gas, if the world is to have one-in-two odds of keeping global warming to 1.5C, according to a new study.That's according to calculations published in Nature today, which found the lion's share of fossil fuel reserves worldwide must remain untapped if we're to stay at the lower end of the target set in the 2015 Paris Agreement on climate change.
The figure would shatter the temperature targets of the Paris climate agreement, which aimed for warming well below 2C and preferably capped at 1.5C above pre-industrial levels.
"Failure to meet this goal will be measured in the massive loss of lives and livelihoods," Guterres said.
Under the landmark 2015 Paris deal, nations committed to slash emissions, as well as to provide assistance to the most climate-vulnerable countries.
But a bombshell "code red" for humanity from the world's pre-eminent body on global warming in August warned that Earth's average temperature will be 1.5C higher around 2030, a decade earlier than projected only three years ago.
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change says that emissions should be around 45 percent lower by 2030 compared with 2010 levels to meet the 1.5C goal.
Abimael Guzman, head of Peruvian rebel group Shining Path, dies
Imprisoned rebel leader, who had been ill in recent months, died at the age of 86.Guzman was captured in 1992 in Peru’s capital, Lima, and jailed for the rest of his life after being convicted as a “terrorist”.
The UN said on Friday that current pledges by 191 countries would see emissions 16 percent higher at end of the decade than in 2010 -- a level that would eventually cause the world to warm 2.7C.
"Overall greenhouse gas emission numbers are moving in the wrong direction," said UN climate chief Patricia Espinosa in a press conference.
But she said there was a "glimmer of hope" from 113 countries that had updated their pledges, including the United States and European Union.
These new pledges, known as Nationally Determined Contributions, would see their emissions reduced 12 percent by 2030 compared to 2010.
Video: Politicized Nord Stream gas pipeline completed (Reuters)
- Big emitters -
With only 1.1C of warming so far, the world has seen a torrent of deadly weather disasters intensified by climate change in recent months, from asphalt-melting heatwaves to flash floods and untameable wildfires.
US, EU eye 30-percent cut in methane emissions by 2030: report
Over two dozen countries, including China, Russia, India, Brazil, Saudi Arabia and Qatar also expected to join pledge.Their pact comes as Washington and Brussels seek to galvanise other key economies ahead of a world summit to address climate change in Glasgow, Scotland, in November and could have a significant effect on the energy, agriculture and waste industries responsible for the bulk of methane emissions, Reuters reported on Tuesday.
The Paris deal included a "ratchet" mechanism in which signatories agreed to a rolling five-year review of their climate pledges in which they are supposed to display ever greater ambition for action.
But many major emitters have yet to issue new targets.
That includes China -- the world's biggest emitter -- has said it will reach net zero emissions by 2060, but has not yet delivered its NDC that would spell out emissions reductions by 2030.
Meanwhile new targets from Brazil and Mexico were actually weaker than those they submitted five years ago, according to an analysis by the World Resources Institute.
The UN report was a "damning indictment" of global progress on climate, particularly by G20 nations, responsible for the lion's share of emissions, said Mohamed Adow, who leads the think tank Power Shift Africa.
"They are the countries which have caused this crisis and yet are failing to show the leadership required to lead us out of this mess," he said.
- Time to 'deliver' -
Another issue on the table at the Glasgow summit will be a pledge as yet unfulfilled -- the pledge by wealthy nations to provide annual climate funding of $100 billion from 2020 to poorer countries, who bear the greatest impact of warming.
The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development on Friday said progress was "disappointing", with developing countries receiving $79.6 billion in 2019.
It warned that the target for 2020, which saw the world shaken by the Covid-19 pandemic, would be missed.
"The fight against climate change will only succeed if everyone comes together to promote more ambition, more cooperation and more credibility," said Guterres.
"It is time for leaders to stand and deliver, or people in all countries will pay a tragic price."
Germany. In Berlin, Greta Thunberg gives ecology to the heart of the elections .
© EPA / Maxppp Greta Thunberg (masked and fist) manifest to Berlin, this Friday, September 24, 2021, two days in the legislative elections. A new walk for the climate is organized in 70 countries, this Friday, September 24, 2021. Two days of decisive elections in Germany, Greta Thunberg chose to demonstrate in Berlin, to put climate warming at the heart of the debates. For the Swedish activist, political parties "do not do enough" on the subject.