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World Shots in the dark: China sends Covid aid to Myanmar rebels

08:05  22 september  2021
08:05  22 september  2021 Source:   afp.com

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Delivering vaccines to Myanmar 's junta, but also to rebel groups that are the generals' sworn enemies, China is playing both sides to fight the coronavirus and strengthen its hand in the messy politics of its southern neighbour. The Shan State Progress Party rebel group has vaccinated 1,000 people in areas under its control with Chinese vaccines, a spokesperson told AFP. It had ordered a total of half a million, he added. A labourer works to construct a new Covid -19 coronavirus quarantine centre in 115 Mile in Muse, near the China - Myanmar border STR AFP.

The Chinese government decided to provide another batch of vaccines and supplies to help Myanmar deal with the epidemic on the basis of previous assistance. On August 18, State Councilor Wang Yi announced this measure at the “Conference to Support ASEAN’s Humanitarian Aid to Myanmar ”. This is a concrete measure taken by China to implement Chairman Jinping’s important announcement on vaccines as a global public product. It also fully demonstrates the spirit of a community of shared destiny that China and Myanmar are helping each other and helping each other in the same boat.

Delivering vaccines to Myanmar's junta, but also to rebel groups that are the generals' sworn enemies, China is playing both sides to fight the coronavirus and strengthen its hand in the messy politics of its southern neighbour.

a man in a blue shirt: Delivering vaccines to Myanmar's junta, but also to rebel groups that are its sworn enemies, China is playing a subtle double game © STR Delivering vaccines to Myanmar's junta, but also to rebel groups that are its sworn enemies, China is playing a subtle double game a man standing in front of a building: A labourer works to construct a new Covid-19 coronavirus quarantine centre in 115 Mile in Muse, near the China-Myanmar border © STR A labourer works to construct a new Covid-19 coronavirus quarantine centre in 115 Mile in Muse, near the China-Myanmar border

Beijing has already handed over nearly 13 million doses to the generals, who ousted Aung San Suu Kyi in February and plunged Myanmar and its healthcare system into chaos.

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China has sought to portray itself as a global leader in the fight against the outbreak, which began a few months ago in its Wuhan province. The plane carrying aid to Pakistan was met at the capital's airport by Foreign Minister Shah Mahmood Qureishi, who greeted the arriving Chinese doctors and officials. China is also a key military supplier for nuclear-armed Pakistan, having supplied the country with missiles capable of carrying atomic weapons. Pakistan, with a population of 220 million, has 1,408 confirmed cases of the coronavirus, including 11 deaths from the illness it causes, COVID -19.

When India asked the United States this month to lift a ban on exporting vaccine raw materials to help with the South Asian country's Covid crisis, Washington appeared to drag its feet, citing the need to "vaccinate the American people" first.

a person riding a motorcycle on a city street: Motorists pass the China-Myanmar border gate in Muse in Shan state, as the Chinese city of Ruili near the frontier with Myanmar imposed a lockdown © STR Motorists pass the China-Myanmar border gate in Muse in Shan state, as the Chinese city of Ruili near the frontier with Myanmar imposed a lockdown

The junta has appeared powerless to halt the spread of the virus, spooking authorities on the other side of its porous, 2,000-kilometre frontier with China, where officials are waging a "zero case" war on Covid-19.

So Beijing has quietly shipped thousands of vaccines, medical workers, and construction materials for quarantine centres, multiple rebel groups told AFP.

Chinese Red Cross staff "come to help us sometimes... to help us prevent the Covid pandemic," said Colonel Naw Bu, spokesman for the Kachin Independence Army (KIA).

"But they did not come to stay here," added the colonel, whose group -- numbering thousands -- controls territory in Myanmar's northern jade-rich hills.

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Myanmar recently received two million more doses of Chinese vaccines, but is believed to have vaccinated only about 3.2 percent of its population, according to a Reuters tracker. Last week, a batch of donated Sinopharm doses arrived from China , military government authorities said, but they China has also supplied more than 10,000 shots to a rebel group operating near its southern frontier in Myanmar , as Beijing seeks to halt an influx of cases from the country. Some of the ethnic organisations operating in the country’s borderlands continued COVID health measures with Chinese help as the

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a man wearing a blue shirt: Analysts say Beijing will continue involving itself in areas where the writ of the Myanmar state runs thin © Phyo Maung Maung Analysts say Beijing will continue involving itself in areas where the writ of the Myanmar state runs thin

"They just came for a while and went back."

The KIA is one of Myanmar's more than 20 ethnic rebel groups -- many of whom control swathes of remote border territory -- who have fought each other and the military over the drugs trade, natural resources and autonomy.

But they are all vulnerable to Covid.

As a third wave ripped through lowland Myanmar in July, the KIA inoculated 10,000 people in their Laiza headquarters with Chinese jabs, Naw Bu said.

Health workers had also crossed over from China to deliver masks and hand sanitiser, he added.


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It is a scene familiar along the porous border.

The Shan State Progress Party rebel group has vaccinated 1,000 people in areas under its control with Chinese vaccines, a spokesperson told AFP.

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It had ordered a total of half a million, he added.

"Good neighbour" China had also promised to supply doses to the Ta'ang National Liberation Army, based in nearby territory, spokesman Brigadier General Tar Phone Kyaw told AFP.

Meanwhile, in the border town of Muse, men work on a new quarantine centre that will house up to 1,000 beds for traders keen to resume business with the country's giant, Covid-wary neighbour.

The workers are Myanmar nationals, but the building materials were all provided by authorities in China's Yunnan province, AFP found.

- Rebel buffer -

The aid is receiving none of the fanfare of Beijing's diplomacy elsewhere in Asia and across Africa.

"China will as always, according to their needs, provide necessary assistance and support to the Myanmar people in their fight against the epidemic," a Chinese foreign affairs spokesman said when asked if Beijing was helping insurgent groups fight Covid-19.

But Enze Han, a University of Hong Kong associate professor in public administration, said it "makes sense" for authorities across the border to help.

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"If China wants to protect itself from Covid... it needs to create a buffer zone," he told AFP.

And ethnic Chinese groups, using Chinese SIM cards and currency, live along the border in areas "basically grafted onto the lower belly of China," explained David Mathieson, an analyst formerly based in Myanmar.

If major clashes between rebels and the military broke out -- as it did in 2017, sending thousands fleeing into China -- it would be a "worst-case scenario" for Beijing, he said.

- 'No option' -

China -- the junta's main ally, which has refused to describe its February ouster of the civilian government as a coup -- has sent millions of vaccines directly to the military government.

But with widespread distrust keeping many away from healthcare in junta-controlled territory, analysts say Beijing will continue involving itself in areas where the writ of the Myanmar state runs thin.

"The military government definitely doesn't like it," said Hong Kong University's Han.

"But they have no option."

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