•   
  •   

World Greece, France tout European defence autonomy with warships deal

17:00  28 september  2021
17:00  28 september  2021 Source:   aljazeera.com

How world reacted to Australia's nuclear submarine decision

  How world reacted to Australia's nuclear submarine decision The diplomatic ripples from Australia's decision to acquire nuclear powered submarines have been felt across the world. The new AUKUS alliance between Australia, the US and the UK announced last week is expected to deliver an Australian fleet of at least eight nuclear-powered submarines.The defence agreement marks a major pivot by the three powers towards the Indo Pacific region and the rising power of China.

Athens, Greece – Greece has announced a deal to buy between six and eight French-built warships accompanied by a strategic defence partnership with France, a move the Greek prime minister said was “a first step towards European defence autonomy”.

Greek Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis (left), shakes hands with French President Emmanuel Macron following a signing ceremony of a new defence deal at The Elysee Palace in Paris on September 28, 2021 [Ludovic Marin/various sources/AFP] © Provided by Al Jazeera Greek Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis (left), shakes hands with French President Emmanuel Macron following a signing ceremony of a new defence deal at The Elysee Palace in Paris on September 28, 2021 [Ludovic Marin/various sources/AFP]

Standing next to French President Emmanuel Macron at the Elysee Palace, Kyriakos Mitsotakis said on Tuesday: “We have a common vision of an autonomous response capability to the challenges Europe faces.”

Cécile Bois (Candice Renoir) shares a cliché with his companion and makes him a tender declaration of love for his birthday (photo)

 Cécile Bois (Candice Renoir) shares a cliché with his companion and makes him a tender declaration of love for his birthday (photo) © Sipa Cécile Bois (Candice Renoir) shares a cliché with his companion and makes him a tender Declaration of love for his birthday (photo) This September 21 on his account Instagram, Cécile Bois, the star of Candice Renoir on France 2, shared a tender declaration of love to his companion Jean-Pierre Michael on the occasion his birthday. For almost ten years, Candice Renoir makes the beautiful evenings of France every Friday.

The $5bn deal will provide Athens with three state-of-the-art Belharra frigates and three Gowind corvettes, with an option for one more of each.

According to local reports, the ships would be delivered by 2026, with the first frigate arriving as early as 2024.

France’s Naval Group and US defence contractor Lockheed Martin had been locked in heated competition for the contract since Mitsotakis announced Greece would buy new frigates in September 2019.

For Macron, it was a much-needed win after Australia reneged on a $66bn-deal to buy French diesel submarines earlier this month, announcing its intention to build nuclear submarines using US-supplied technology instead under the Aukus deal, a trilateral security treaty between Australia, the United Kingdom and the United States.

Labor's Penny Wong questions impact of AUKUS deal on Australia's defence autonomy

  Labor's Penny Wong questions impact of AUKUS deal on Australia's defence autonomy The Shadow Foreign Minister probes whether AUKUS will impact Australia's "sovereign capability" as the Vice Chief of the Defence Force prepares to visit South-East Asia to reassure neighbours about the submarine deal.It comes as the Prime Minister prepares to dispatch Australia's second most senior military officer to South-East Asia to quell regional anxieties that the new submarines could fuel tensions in Asia.

Macron stressed that the Greek deal reinforced his vision of European strategic autonomy.

“We have a commitment to the independence of Europe,” he said. “This is part of the common struggles we have undertaken in Europe – technological independence, a European defence, and combat-readiness.”

Both leaders mentioned the Sahel, Middle East, Mediterranean and Balkans as areas of European interest where joint military action could take place.

Greece and France have been drawing closer in recent years, against the backdrop of their deteriorating relations with Turkey.

Last year, Greece and Turkey came to the brink of war when Ankara sent survey ships to look for undersea oil and gas in what Greece considers its maritime jurisdiction.

France sent naval forces to help Greece’s ageing fleet of 11 frigates patrol its maritime zones and the two countries have since held joint and multilateral air and sea exercises in the Aegean and the Eastern Mediterranean.

This new tax on local authorities

 This new tax on local authorities © Glen Pearson / Eyeem This new tax that local authorities are demanded in the face of their loss of financial autonomy and the fear of their declining endowments, elected officials of all borders defend the 'idea of ​​a new tax paid by taxpayers. The housing tax has not yet completely disappeared - it will be removed for all households in the fall of 2023 - that local elected officials will already scrape for the creation of a new tax that would bail out the crates of their communities.

Last year, Greece announced it was buying 18 fourth-generation Rafale fighter jets for $2.5bn. Mitsotakis raised the number of jets to 24 this month.

“It’s not a simple arms sale. It’s a strategic deal that changes the situation in the east Mediterranean,” international relations professor Dimitris Kairidis said of the naval deal.

“France is filling a security void in the region. There is a mutual defence agreement, so if we face troubles we have a nuclear power and permanent Security Council member in our corner.”

The crisis of 2020 came on the heels of Greece’s greatest ever economic recession following the post-2008 global financial collapse. Greece slashed its defence expenditures by half.

“There were no purchases of spare parts, there were operational problems, there were frigates that couldn’t sail and planes that couldn’t fly,” international relations professor at the American College of Greece Konstantinos Filis told Al Jazeera.

This handout image received from French Naval defence and energy group DCNS on October 18, 2016, shows an artist’s impression of a proposed new-generation 4000-tonne digital frigate called the Belharra [File: Ho/DCNS/AFP] © Provided by Al Jazeera This handout image received from French Naval defence and energy group DCNS on October 18, 2016, shows an artist’s impression of a proposed new-generation 4000-tonne digital frigate called the Belharra [File: Ho/DCNS/AFP]

In 2018, Greece signed a $1.3bn deal with the US’s Lockheed Martin to upgrade 85 of its F-16 fighter jets to Viper level, installing advanced radar and weapons systems on board.

Aurélie Pons (here everything starts) Absent from the series for dance with the stars 2021? The

 Aurélie Pons (here everything starts) Absent from the series for dance with the stars 2021? The answer after mannequinate and acting, Aurélie Pons launches a new challenge: dance. It is at the dance casting with the Stars 2021 for season 11 alongside Lola Dubini, Tayc, Wejdene, Michou or Bilal Hassani. Since the announcement of the participation of the actress, viewers are wondering if it will have to be absent from here everything begins for the emission of TF1. So, will it be less present in daily fiction? The producer responds.

Both the Rafale and the Viper will outclass Turkey’s standing fleet of an estimated 236 ageing F-16s.

“With the modernisation of the F-16s, the Rafale purchase and frigate purchase, Greece is covering some of the lost ground,” Filis said. “Because all these years, Turkey greatly reinforced its defence industry. In very little time over 70 percent of its systems are home-built.”

Turkey’s Bayraktar TB2 drones, which are weapons-capable, have turned the tide of wars in Libya and Nagorno-Karabakh in the last year and could constitute a formidable threat in the Aegean.

Mitsotakis struck a conciliatory note on the eve of the deal.

“I have no desire to enter an arms race with Turkey – that’s not my intention,” he told the ERT state channel on Monday night.

This month, he told the 76th UN General Assembly: “I have a vision for the Eastern Mediterranean. Instead of fighting last century’s battles over hydrocarbons, a fading commodity, we have to join forces to cooperate against new common enemies – the climate crisis which affects both our countries equally, but also the threat of illegal migration.”

But Greece’s massive armaments modernisation even as its national debt has reached almost twice gross domestic product (GDP), is clearly due to Turkey.

“Let’s not kid ourselves, Greece is doing all this because of its problems with Turkey,” Filis said. “If we had the neighbours Switzerland has, things would be much simpler and money would go to education, health and the social state.”

Greece to announce new defence deal with France: PM

  Greece to announce new defence deal with France: PM Athens and Paris are set to announce an arms deal on Tuesday morning that will deepen their strategic cooperation, Greek Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis said late on Monday. "We are heading towards a substantial deepening of the strategic partnership between Greece and France," Mitsotakis told state TV ERT during a visit to the French capital. "There will be announcements tomorrow morning at the Elysee Palace" with French President Emmanuel Macron, he said.

Greece was also keen not to give the impression its deal with France detracted from its key relationship with the US.

Greece’s Foreign Minister Nikos Dendias travels to Washington, DC on October 14 to sign a new Mutual Defence Cooperation Agreement that is to tighten cooperation.

Not just a renewal but an upgrade

Military sources say the Belharra increases Greek capabilities in the Eastern Mediterranean.

A Crood awakening

  A Crood awakening Good morning, early birds. The federal government will reportedly end lockdown support money the fortnight after the country reaches the 80% vaccination milestone, and the Daintree tropical rainforest will return to the hands of the Eastern Kuku Yalanji people. It's the news you need to know, with Emma Elsworthy.States and territories will see weeks of tapering financial support — which is currently propping up businesses and households — leading up to the day when leaders will have to foot the bill instead, The Australian ($) continues. It could affect as many as 2 million Australians who have received the “COVID-19 Disaster Payment” since June, news.com.

“The Belharra … form a single aeronautical unit with the Rafale … these systems work much better networked together, and their missiles project power in the air because they have very long range and are very capable,” said Konstantinos Grivas, who teaches weapons systems at the Hellenic Army Academy.

The Belharra frigates will carry Aster-30 hypersonic, surface-to-air missiles, capable of travelling at four-and-a-half times the speed of sound and striking guided ballistic missiles. The Rafale carry the Meteor air-to-air missiles. Both systems have a range of more than 100km (62 miles), and are supported by sophisticated radar systems.

“These are cutting edge technology weapons,” Grivas told Al Jazeera. “They’re at the top of their category among both eastern and western systems. We’re entering the group of states that can strike targets at very great distances.”

Admiral Stelios Fenekos agrees that the Belharra are a game-changer.

“They cover areas where we have had limited capabilities until now. The frigates can easily cover the entire breadth of the Eastern Mediterranean and increase the country’s international presence.”

He stressed their ability to establish aerial and naval control over a wide area.

“An enemy pilot would have to think very carefully before coming within a 200km range of these ships,” Fenekos said.

Importantly for Greece, these are not systems France is offering to Turkey.

This contrasts with Germany’s decision to sell Turkey its sophisticated Type-214 submarines Greece bought in 2000.

“It is a strategic choice of the French ever since they sold Greece Mirage fighters [in the 1980s],” said Filis. “They don’t sell Turkey the same weapons.”

Excluded. Tomorrow belongs to us (spoiler): an actress announces his return to the TF1 soap opera ... and she will not be alone! .
© Thomas BRAUT / TFELETE / TF1 Excluded. Tomorrow belongs to us (spoiler): an actress announces his return to the TF1 soap opera ... and she will not be alone! The waltz of characters never knows about respite in tomorrow belongs to us! An actress of the TF1 soap opera, which has disappeared from the intrigues for some time, announces his return to the series.

usr: 0
This is interesting!