•   
  •   

World UN deforestation scheme under scrutiny after Indonesia debacle

06:41  12 october  2021
06:41  12 october  2021 Source:   afp.com

Sandhausen explains the debacle: youth football without resistance

 Sandhausen explains the debacle: youth football without resistance The home reminder of coach returner Alois Schwartz at the SV Sandhausen came to the debacle. After a disastrous idea after the change, significant words fell. © Picture Alliance / Eibmer-PressFoto When is finally concluded? SVS coach Alois Schwartz looks at the clock. after the embarrassing 1: 6 against Darmstadt After the unexpected 2: 1 victory in Hannover Coach Schwartz hit hard with his team and conceded a 1: 6 bankruptcy against Darmstadt.

The collapse of a $1-billion deal to curb Indonesian deforestation has highlighted the pitfalls of a UN-backed global initiative, which critics say has been ineffective and trampled on indigenous communities' rights.

Protecting trees is key to meeting ambitious climate goals, with tropical rainforest loss accounting for about eight percent of annual carbon dioxide emissions, according to monitoring platform Global Forest Watch © Romeo GACAD Protecting trees is key to meeting ambitious climate goals, with tropical rainforest loss accounting for about eight percent of annual carbon dioxide emissions, according to monitoring platform Global Forest Watch Globally deforestation has only escalated in recent years -- destruction of pristine rainforest was 12 percent higher in 2020 than the year before despite a global economic slowdown, according to Global Forest Watch © GALIH Globally deforestation has only escalated in recent years -- destruction of pristine rainforest was 12 percent higher in 2020 than the year before despite a global economic slowdown, according to Global Forest Watch

Protecting trees is key to meeting ambitious climate goals, with tropical rainforest loss accounting for about eight percent of annual carbon dioxide emissions, according to monitoring platform Global Forest Watch.

7,000-year-old Indonesian woman reshapes views on early humans

  7,000-year-old Indonesian woman reshapes views on early humans Research on remains provides first clue on the mixing between early humans in Indonesia and Siberia.Theories about early human migration in Asia could be transformed by the research published in the scientific journal Nature in August, after analysis of the deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), or the genetic fingerprint, of the woman who was given a ritual burial in an Indonesian cave, according to the Reuters news agency which reported these findings on Wednesday.

"This is make or break for the global climate," said Frances Seymour, a forestry expert from US environmental think-tank the World Resources Institute.

A key tool in the fight has been the United Nations-backed REDD+ mechanism, a framework where public and private funds are paid to developing countries to curb emissions by reducing deforestation.

Hundreds of projects have sprung up worldwide under the initiative over the past decade and major donors include Norway, Germany and Britain.

Projects range from national-level schemes supported by foreign governments to smaller, private ones, which generate "carbon credits" to be sold to firms seeking to offset emissions.

But the initiative has been dogged by controversy, with environmentalists saying projects in some places, including Cambodia, Peru and the Democratic Republic of Congo have failed to involve local communities and deliver on promised benefits, in some cases leading to conflict.

How Chinese property giant Evergrande's debacle will affect you

  How Chinese property giant Evergrande's debacle will affect you Evergrande's debt woes are expected to cause a sharp economic slowdown in China - the world's second biggest economy. That also means far less demand for Australia's most valuable export.Like 130 nations around the world, China is Australia's biggest trading partner - and will be exposed to what happens next.

Graphic showing the extent of forest cover loss in Indonesia 2001 - 2020, according to data from Global Forest Watch © John SAEKI Graphic showing the extent of forest cover loss in Indonesia 2001 - 2020, according to data from Global Forest Watch

Last month, Indonesia, home to the world's third-largest expanse of tropical forest, walked away from the $1-billion deal with Norway, having received only a tiny fraction of the money.

- Fundamentally flawed -

Globally deforestation has only escalated in recent years -- destruction of pristine rainforest was 12 percent higher in 2020 than the year before despite a global economic slowdown, according to Global Forest Watch.

Joe Eisen, executive director of Rainforest Foundation UK, said REDD+ is fundamentally flawed: "The architecture is wrong. It reduces forests down to their carbon values, rather than the intrinsic other values they have -- like the people and nature."

"Forests are so much more than the amount of carbon they absorb."

Large numbers at Mica redress protest in Dublin

  Large numbers at Mica redress protest in Dublin Homeowners hit by the affect of mica are marching from the Garden of Remembrance to Custom House.Thousands of Irish homes have crumbled because of mica, a mineral which absorbs water, causing walls to crack.

For the initiative's detractors, the collapse of Indonesia's deal with Norway, which was agreed in 2010 in a bid to reduce the Asian nation's rampant deforestation, has underlined REDD+ weaknesses.

The agreement outlined steps Jakarta needed to take, including developing a strategy to combat forest loss and come up with a monitoring system with the bulk of the payment to be based on deforestation reduction results.

But changes "advanced more slowly than expected" and deforestation actually increased initially, according to a 2015 report by the Center for Global Development.

And while figures show forest loss slowed in Indonesia in the past five years, authorities say they did not receive the expected first payment of $56 million for this success.

Indonesian officials told the Jakarta Post they terminated the deal because Norway had shown "no goodwill" and set additional requirements such as documentation on how the cash would be spent.

But Norway's ministry of climate and environment told AFP they believed the "few issues that remained could have been resolved relatively quickly".

EFL launches environmental Green Clubs scheme

  EFL launches environmental Green Clubs scheme The English Football League (EFL) has launched a league-wide scheme 'EFL Green Clubs' that will support teams across the country to make environmental improvements. The EFL will partner with Forest Green Rovers owner Dale Vince and his environmental accreditation scheme 'GreenCode'. © Getty The EFL has committed itself to making changes that will benefit the environment It comes as Forest Green Rovers were recognised by the United Nations and FIFA as the world's greenest football club.

Environmentalists fear the unravelling of the agreement is a blow to Indonesia's climate efforts.

"Does this rejection of Indonesia's most prominent international partnership signal a lack of ambition to reach... emissions reductions goals?" said Greenpeace forests campaigner Kiki Taufik.

- Ancient forests lost forever -

According to Global Forest Watch, Indonesia in 2001 had 93.8 million hectares (230 million acres) of primary forest -- ancient forests which have largely not been disturbed by human activity -- an area about the size of Egypt.

By 2020, this figure had decreased by about 10 percent, meaning the archipelago lost virgin forest cover the size of Portugal.

Although the rate of forest loss has slowed since 2016, experts are sceptical the Norway deal played a substantial role, pointing to other factors, such as slower economic growth and higher rainfall.

Another major criticism of REDD+ is that schemes often fail to consider indigenous groups, whose lands and rights are often affected, or to properly compensate them for their role in protecting forests.

In the Democratic Republic of Congo, local communities were not consulted before projects began, leading to violence and bloodshed, according to a Rainforest Foundation UK report.

Music industry figures call on government to back scheme to protect events from COVID cancellations

  Music industry figures call on government to back scheme to protect events from COVID cancellations The continuing uncertainty about the need for snap lockdowns or border closures means live music event organisers cannot get insurance to cover their losses.Artists across the country are hopeful of getting back to performing and touring, as the country nears vaccination targets that would allow COVID restrictions and border controls to ease.

A report by NGO Fern found villagers in one Cambodian project said they had received little if any of the money for their work patrolling lands to help prevent trees being cut down.

"REDD+ has so far been pursued without really paying attention to (indigenous communities') rights," said Alain Frechette, from the Rights and Resources Initiative, which has studied some REDD+ schemes.

The Amazon Fund set up in 2008 to pay for curbing deforestation in Brazil, to which Norway contributed $1.2 billion, has been hailed as a REDD+ success by some.

Seymour said: "It was definitely a thumb on the scale in terms of getting international recognition and finance that solidified political support."

But deforestation has escalated sharply since President Jair Bolsonaro came to power and rolled back environmental policies.

Seymour -- who is also chair of the Architecture for REDD+ Transactions, which certifies national and provincial-scale credits under the mechanism -- says the system should not be dumped but overhauled to focus on large-scale initiatives.

Referring to the goal of limiting global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius compared with pre-industrial levels, she said: "There's no way you can meet the Paris temperature targets without stopping tropical deforestation."

lgo-sr/lto

Nearly 200 perish in India, Nepal rains .
Nearly 200 people have died in floods and landslides in India and Nepal, officials said Thursday, with whole families buried in their homes and two young girls swept away as forecasters warned of yet more heavy rain. Experts say that they were victims of the ever-more unpredictable and extreme weather that has hit South Asia in recent years caused by climate change and exacerbated by deforestation, damming and excessive development. TheExperts say that they were victims of the ever-more unpredictable and extreme weather that has hit South Asia in recent years caused by climate change and exacerbated by deforestation, damming and excessive development.

usr: 38
This is interesting!