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World US says it will evaluate ‘entire relationship’ with Sudan

00:50  26 october  2021
00:50  26 october  2021 Source:   aljazeera.com

East Sudan protests snarl trade, deepen economic woes

  East Sudan protests snarl trade, deepen economic woes Hundreds of trucks packed with goods stand idle in Port Sudan, dozens of container ships lie anchored and untouched. For more than a month demonstrators have blockaded Sudan's key sea port. Roads to other provinces and the capital Khartoum have been cut, docks shuttered and even Port Sudan airport was closed for a time. Four weeks since the crisis erupted in mid-September, basic supplies to the rest of the impoverished northeastern African nation have been delayed, triggering a fresh wave of shortages nationwide.

US says it was not given heads up. Ties between the US and Sudan have been warming for the past two years after decades of tensions and mistrust during al-Bashir’s rule. Last year, the US removed Sudan ’s designation as a “ state sponsor of terrorism”, and the two countries restored diplomatic ties. Asked on Monday whether the military takeover will affect the decision to remove Sudan from the state sponsor of terror list and other aspects of the rapprochement, Price said , “Potentially, of course. Our entire relationship with this entity in Sudan will be evaluated .” US Special Envoy for the Horn of

But he said the United States would hold to account “those who may be responsible for derailing Sudan ’s path to democracy.” Mr. Price also warned the military to “refrain from any violence against protesters, including the use of live ammunition,” amid “Potentially, of course, our entire relationship with this entity in Sudan will be evaluated in light of what has transpired unless Sudan is returned to the transitional path,” Mr. Price told journalists in Washington. He said the coup had taken the United States by surprise, though a special envoy, Jeffrey Feltman, was in Khartoum as recently as Sunday.

The Biden administration has announced pausing US assistance to Sudan after the military takeover and urged the “immediate” restoration of the civilian-led government.

The US was 'not given any heads up' about the military takeover in Sudan, Department of State spokesman Ned Price said [Kevin Lamarque/Reuters] © Provided by Al Jazeera The US was 'not given any heads up' about the military takeover in Sudan, Department of State spokesman Ned Price said [Kevin Lamarque/Reuters]

Department of State spokesperson Ned Price told reporters on Monday that Washington will evaluate its “entire relationship” with Khartoum unless the country returns to the “transitional path” to democracy.

The Sudanese military dissolved the transitional government early on Monday and declared a state of emergency after arresting Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok and several members of his cabinet, as well as other civilian officials.

Sudan's mass protests back civilian rule but army remains strong

  Sudan's mass protests back civilian rule but army remains strong Mass protests in Sudan show strong support for a civilian-led democracy, but analysts warn street demonstrations may have little impact on powerful factions pushing a return to military rule. Under a 2019 power-sharing deal after the ouster of long-time dictator Omar al-Bashir, Sudan is ruled by a sovereign council of civilian and military representatives tasked with overseeing a transition to a full civilian government. But cracks in theUnder a 2019 power-sharing deal after the ouster of long-time dictator Omar al-Bashir, Sudan is ruled by a sovereign council of civilian and military representatives tasked with overseeing a transition to a full civilian government.

Israel and Sudan have agreed to work towards normalising relations in a deal brokered by the US that would make Sudan the third Arab country to set aside hostilities with Israel in the past two months. The announcement came after sunset in Israel and during Shabbat, the Jewish holy day of rest, when the country largely closes down, meaning there was little immediate response from politicians or the public. While Sudan has far from fully committed to the deal, it will be seen in Israel as a major step forward.

Trump Announces Sudan Will Move to Normalize Relations With Israel. But the deal appears to fall short of full diplomatic ties, since there was no mention of opening embassies in the others’ capitals, as Israel is planning to do with the United Arab Emirates and Bahrain. There was no relationship whatsoever — today’s peace agreement will enhance Israel’s security and end Sudan ’s long isolation from the world because of what was taking place. It will unlock new opportunities for trade and commerce, education and research, and cooperation and friendship for both peoples.

“The United States condemns the actions taken overnight by Sudanese military forces,” Price said on Monday.

“The arrest of civilian government officials and other political leaders, including Prime Minister Hamdok, undermines the country’s transition to democratic civilian rule.”

Since the fall of longtime leader Omar al-Bashir after mass protests in 2019, Hamdok had been leading a transitional government in a power-sharing agreement with the military.

Price warned that the recent developments will affect bilateral ties between Khartoum and Washington if they are not reversed.

“The United States is pausing assistance from the $700m in emergency assistance appropriations of economic support funds for Sudan – those funds were intended to support the country’s democratic transition – as we evaluate the next step for Sudan programming,” he said.

‘Utterly unacceptable’: World reacts to Sudan arrests

  ‘Utterly unacceptable’: World reacts to Sudan arrests Governments, human rights groups demand release of Sudanese civilian political leaders and reject apparent coup.Abdel Fattah al-Burhan, a general who headed the Sovereign Council, a power-sharing ruling body, announced a state of emergency across the country and dissolved the council and the transitional government.

A few dozen people block roads in the Sudanese capital Khartoum after an apparent military coup. Eyewitness video shows people chanting slogans while tyres burned in the streets, with one man calling saying the military had betrayed the civilians.

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US says it was not given heads up

Ties between the US and Sudan have been warming for the past two years after decades of tensions and mistrust during al-Bashir’s rule.

Last year, the US removed Sudan’s designation as a “state sponsor of terrorism”, and the two countries restored diplomatic ties. The transitional government also agreed to normalise relations with Israel in a US-brokered agreement.

Asked on Monday whether the military takeover will affect the decision to remove Sudan from the state sponsor of terror list and other aspects of the rapprochement, Price said, “Potentially, of course. Our entire relationship with this entity in Sudan will be evaluated.”

US Special Envoy for the Horn of Africa Jeffrey Feltman met Sudanese military and civilian leaders during the weekend, but Price denied that the US administration had prior knowledge about the military takeover.

Sudan’s military says it seized power to prevent ‘civil war’

  Sudan’s military says it seized power to prevent ‘civil war’ Protesters demonstrate against takeover while Sudan’s army chief defends the military’s power grab.Speaking at his first news conference since announcing the takeover, General Abdel Fattah al-Burhan said on Tuesday that the army had no choice but to sideline politicians who were inciting against the armed forces.

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“To be clear, we were not given any heads up about this,” he said. “Clearly, an action like this is something that the United States would, and now does, oppose.”

Price added that Feltman’s meetings with Sudanese officials were part of his regular trips to the region.

The spokesperson suggested that officially labelling the military takeover as a coup by the Department of State would not have major policy implications because Sudan is already under a coup designation from the putsch that brought al-Bashir to power in 1989.

Congress condemns military takeover

Several top US lawmakers from both major parties described the military takeover in Sudan as a coup and urged releasing civilian leaders.

“I forcefully condemn any efforts to derail Sudan’s transition to democracy and any actions to crack down on those who are peacefully demonstrating in opposition to this purported coup,” Democratic  House Majority Leader Steny Hoyer said in a statement.

Gregory Meeks, the chair of the House Foreign Affairs Committee, said he was “alarmed” by the situation in Sudan.

Why the army is gambling with Sudan's future

  Why the army is gambling with Sudan's future Why the army is gambling with Sudan's futureHe has endangered Sudan's international standing as a nascent democracy, imperilled essential debt relief and international aid, and jeopardised peace with rebels in Darfur and the Nuba Mountains.

“These actions undermine Sudan’s transition to democracy & threaten progress toward mending US-Sudan relations,” the committee said in a tweet attributed to Meeks.

Jim Risch, the top Republican on the Senate’s foreign policy panel, called the military takeover a “deep betrayal of the Sudanese people”.

The Pentagon also echoed the condemnations in Washington, but it said that it had no military footprint in Sudan that would be affected by the takeover.

“We call on the military to unconditionally release and reinstate all detained civilians in order to allow the civilian-led transition to continue its progress toward elections, and we also call on the Sudanese security forces to respect the right of the Sudanese people to peacefully protest,” Pentagon spokesperson John Kirby told reporters.

Saudis, UAE join Western calls against Sudan coup .
Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, which enjoy close ties with Sudan's military, joined the United States and Britain Wednesday in urging the leaders of last week's coup to restore the civilian government. The united front with the two Arab powers, which previously had only emphasized stability in Sudan, comes amid guarded hopes in Washington that the military can be persuaded to accept a face-saving climbdown. "We endorse theThe united front with the two Arab powers, which previously had only emphasized stability in Sudan, comes amid guarded hopes in Washington that the military can be persuaded to accept a face-saving climbdown.

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