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World Ethiopia, an in-danger nation

14:20  22 november  2021
14:20  22 november  2021 Source:   lemonde.fr

Tigray rebels killed scores of civilians: Ethiopia watchdog

  Tigray rebels killed scores of civilians: Ethiopia watchdog Tigrayan rebels killed scores of civilians in the Amhara region on suspicion of being informants or offering aid to federal forces, the government-affiliated Ethiopian Human Rights Commission said in a report published Saturday. "TPLF forces shot and killed mentally ill residents of towns they controlled on suspicion of being informants for the government," it added.The investigation, which draws on 128 interviews, focuses on parts of Amhara which saw heavy fighting in July and August between fighters from the Tigray People's Liberation Front (TPLF) and Ethiopian soldiers as the country's brutal conflict enters its second year.

The current civil war in this country of the Horn of Africa is doubled with hate speech against tygrans, considered in block as "spies" or "enemies", and arrests all azimuths. This combination is likely to make the bed of the worst massacres.

Editorial of the "World". It is no time to take oratorical precautions for fear of crumpling the main stakeholders who, in any case, do not seem to be able to listen to, neither nothing nor anyone: Ethiopia is a country in danger. The second most populous second nation in Africa (nearly 120 million inhabitants) is no longer only in a civil war (started a year ago), which brought the rebels from the Tygrenne Defense forces at the beginning of November (TDF) about 200 kilometers from the capital, Addis Ababa. It is also facing a threat of bursting in series.

Ethiopia: Few advanced on the discussions between Tigerian rebels and Government

 Ethiopia: Few advanced on the discussions between Tigerian rebels and Government © TIKSA Negeri / Reuters of Ethiopian soldiers during a pro-government event on November 7, 2021. The African Union tries to obtain a cease- Leather between government forces and tygy rebels (image of illustration). In a statement, Sunday, November 14, the African Union again called for the Tygrens rebels and the Ethiopian government to stop the weapons and meet around the negotiating table. Despite an international effort for two weeks, little progress has been made.

Ethiopia: What we know about the horrors committed since the beginning of the conflict at Tiger

which risks bursting in Ethiopia, it is not only new fights that no one seems able to take away immediately No more TDF rebels and their allies of various armed groups than the other camp, that of the Prime Minister, Abiy Ahmed, supported by the remains of the federal army and inflated militias in recent months by mass recruitments.

What risks bursting, it is also violence exceeding the already blurred framework of the clashes between military more or less regular. Repeatedly, hate speeches are aimed at some communities, and in the first place the Tigreens (originating in the region from which the rebellion), considered in block as "spies" or "enemies" even when they are have nothing to do with the war. These words of violence multiply at the same time as the arrests, the vexations, to which they already seem to give a blind justification. Tomorrow it could be worse.

At least 1,000 arrested since Ethiopia state of emergency: UN

  At least 1,000 arrested since Ethiopia state of emergency: UN Most of those detained are ethnic Tigrayans with the UN chief warning arrests could ‘widen divisions and resentments’.The state of emergency came into force on November 2, a year after a conflict erupted between the government of Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed and forces aligned with the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF), the political party controlling the northern region of Tigray.

in Ethiopia, hate speech against "spies" expands

video: Ethiopia: Donating blood and food for soldiers (Euronews)

This verbal abuse - including Calls to murder - diffuses within society through social networks. We are still waiting for Facebook and Twitter that they understand where the country runs and take action up to the situation. The messages are relayed often euphemized, but clear for the recipients, by politicians, particularly in the Amhara group and "influencers" close to the Loyalist camp, which attack the tensions on the Internet.

Deflagrations in series

A context of civil war, a discourse of blind violence on the background of exacerbated nationalism, an "essentialization" at work, pyromanic politicians: this combination is likely to make the worst massacres or even of a genocide. These series deflagrations may result in the break-up of the Ethiopian nation. Commentators sometimes evoke the fear of being reproduced, in the Horn of Africa, the situation of the Balkans thirty years earlier, when, from 1990, Yugoslavia has dislocated, causing a cycle of wars marked by Violence like the genocide of Srebrenica.

France asks some of its citizens to leave the Ethiopian territory

 France asks some of its citizens to leave the Ethiopian territory © AFP - Yasuyoshi Chiba Passengers bypass the statue of Alula Aba Nega, General Ethiopian Tiger, after the cancellation of flights to Addis Ababa to L Mekele airport, capital of the Tigi region in Ethiopia, June 25, 2021. Paris follows the movement started by the United States, the United Kingdom and Israel last week. Significant diplomatic efforts are underway to end the civil war that has been going on for over a year. But on the battlefield, the military situation continues to deteriorate.

Sliman Baldo, Analyst: "Sudan and Ethiopia are the two sick men of the Horn of Africa" ​​

Differences with the context of the former Yugoslavia are obvious. In particular, they are due to the fact that the country led by Tito was a recent creation, where the violent nationalisms have bloomed with the facility of the covenants. Ethiopia has for her, in the shade of his long history, a strong national feeling. It's his chance.

Nothing is lost, but the Ethiopian project is now at risk. At the time of all the dangers, the rescue of the nation will require the treatment of many problems, ranging from the return to the provinces in full drift until the search for consensus on how The country must be governed. If none of this helps, then a central country, to the borders of the horn, the Gulf and North Africa, risks the worst.

Ethiopia: From the forehead, Abiy Ahmed promises "to bury the enemy" .
© Twitter / Abiy Ahmed Screenshot of a video published November 26, 2021 on the Twitter account of Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed, announcing the resumption of the locality of Kasagita. In Ethiopia, the Prime Minister was shown on television this Friday at midday, four days after announceting that he would go over the front to take command of military operations.

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