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World After Barbados, the fear of a Domino effect for the British monarchy

10:40  29 november  2021
10:40  29 november  2021 Source:   ouest-france.fr

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Barbados is about to cut ties with the British monarchy , but the legacy of a sometimes brutal colonial past and the pandemic's impact on tourism pose major challenges for the Caribbean island as it becomes the world's newest republic. Famed for its beaches and love of cricket, Barbados will this week replace its head of state, Queen Elizabeth II, with her current representative "As a young girl, when I heard about the queen, I would be really excited," said Sharon Bellamy-Thompson, 50, a fish vendor in the capital Bridgetown who remembers being about eight and seeing the monarch on a visit.

The economy of Barbados , an eastern Caribbean island of around 280,000 people, depends heavily on the tourism industry—and despite some innovative efforts, such as the creation of a remote working visa, visitors have been scarce during the COVID-19 pandemic. Yet Mia Mottley, the country’s popular and charismatic prime minister, is determined to get it done. With recent discussions around race in the royal family and a looming transition of power in the British monarchy , some wonder if Barbados could also start a domino effect and challenge the influence of Britain in all its overseas

La Première ministre de la Barbade Mia Amor Mottley à l'ouverture du Golden Square Freedom Park de Bridgetown, Barbade, le 27 novembre 2021 © Randy Brooks The Premier of Barbados Mia Amor Mottley at the opening of the Golden Square Freedom Park of Bridgetown, Barbados, November 27, 2021

A trend that will inevitably continue "? After Barbados, who becomes on Tuesday a Republic, some experts expect to see other kingdoms follow the example of this Caribbean Island to overcome the British crown.

In 1997, Prince Charles, heir to the British Crown, had read in Hong Kong a message from his mother Queen Elizabeth II at the rainy ceremony sealing the retrocession of this former British colony to China, after more than 150 years.

Twenty-four years later, the 73-year-old prince will be present Monday night during a new transfer of sovereignty: Barbados, micro-state of the independent Caribbean since 1966, elected mid-October his first president after announced 13 months earlier become a republic.

Barbados will spur others to ditch the Queen: experts

  Barbados will spur others to ditch the Queen: experts On a rainy night in Hong Kong in 1997, Prince Charles read a message from his mother Queen Elizabeth II, as Britain handed back sovereignty of the territory to China after more than 150 years of UK rule. However, it sends a clear message that in the twilight of the 95-year-old queen's reign, and when Charles, 73, succeeds, the British monarchy's global reach is diminished.On Monday, nearly a quarter of a century on, Charles will be present at another handover, when Barbados becomes the world's newest republic, with an elected president -- not the queen -- as head of state.

© JOE RAEDLE Ditching the British monarch is being seen as a final step on the long road to freedom after centuries of slavery and exploitation. On a rainy night in Hong Kong in 1997, Prince Charles read a message from his mother Queen Elizabeth II, as Britain handed back sovereignty of the territory to In doing so now, tiny Barbados , with a population of just under 300,000, could start a domino effect in the queen's 14 remaining Commonwealth realms outside Britain. Professor Hilary Beckles, a Barbadian historian, called Monday's event -- on the eve of Barbados ' 55th anniversary of independence -- "an

Bridgetown ( Barbados ) (AFP) – Barbados is about to cut ties with the British monarchy , but the legacy of a sometimes brutal colonial past and the pandemic's impact on tourism pose major challenges for the Caribbean island as it becomes the world's newest republic. For young activists such as Firhaana Bulbulia, founder of the Barbados Muslim Association, British colonialism and slavery lie behind the island's modern inequalities. "The wealth gap, the ability to own land, and even access to loans from banks all have a lot to do with structures built out of being ruled by Britain," Bulbulia, 26

"While your constitutional status changes, it was important for me to join you in order to reaffirm things that do not change. As the partnership between Barbados and the United Kingdom as Commonwealth vital members", must say Prince Charles in a speech unveiled in advance by his services.

But at the twilight of the reign of Elizabeth II, aged 95, his son Charles risks inheriting a British monarchy at the reduced global scope, some experts believing that Barbados could bring about other kingdoms in his wake .

for Joe Little, Editor-in-Chief of Majesty Magazine, the change of CAP operated by this country is indeed a "natural progression", following a trend that began shortly after the queen acceded to the throne in 1952.

"It's a trend that will inevitably continue," says the expert questioned by AFP, "not necessarily under the current reign, but next one, and it will probably accelerate".

Barbados set to become a republic, ditching British Queen

  Barbados set to become a republic, ditching British Queen Barbados will replace Queen Elizabeth II as head of state as Caribbean island distances itself from colonial past.The UK’s Prince Charles arrived in Barbados late on Sunday as the country prepares to replace the Queen with Sandra Mason, a former governor-general who also will serve as the island’s first president.

Even the Barbadian leaders who wanted to break away from the monarchy recognised they still lived in the world colonialism made, and had an economy critically dependent on attracting a pipeline of sun-starved British tourists. “ The fear , I think reasonably, was that it would not be received well, and that there would be a It caught fire, attracting more than 10,000 signatures and culminated in meetings with government officials and, months after , confirmation that Nelson would be removed in November 2020 and relocated to a museum. The Nelson statue on the back of a vehicle after it was taken down.

Ditching the British monarch is being seen as a final step on the long road to freedom after centuries of slavery and exploitation JOE RAEDLE GETTY IMAGES NORTH AMERICA/AFP. But between 1983 and 1987, Elizabeth was still queen of an astonishing 18 countries. Fiji (1987) and Mauritius (1992) In doing so now, tiny Barbados , with a population of just under 300,000, could start a domino effect in the queen's 14 remaining Commonwealth realms outside Britain. Professor Hilary Beckles, a Barbadian historian, called Monday's event -- on the eve of Barbados ' 55th anniversary of independence -- "an

- "Day of Democracy" -

In 1947, five years before Elizabeth II became Queen, the United Kingdom was already seeing India, "Crown Jewel", becoming an independent republic.

After its accession to the throne in 1952, many independence movements swept the old British colonies, which broke with the crown of the links often based on a bloody conquest and slave trafficking.

Some remained faithful to the crown and until Tuesday, the Queen officially remains the state chipe of 16 countries.

Barbados, with its some 300,000 inhabitants, follows the traces of Fiji (1987) and Mauritius (1992), which became republics after Caribbean nations such as Dominica, Guyana and Trinidad and Tobago in the 1970s.

The Monday night ceremony, which takes place the day before the 55th anniversary of the country's independence, will mark "a historic moment" of considerable reach, estimates the history of Hilary Beckles, originating from Barbados.

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The monarch of Barbados is the sovereign and head of state of Barbados . The current Barbadian monarch and head of state, since the independence of Barbados on 30 November 1966

But the Caribbean island’s abandonment of constitutional monarchy is significant, not just for the monarch and her heir, but for the new republic — and others that may follow. Joe Little, the managing editor of Majesty Magazine, said the declaration was a “natural progression” of a trend that began soon after Royal officials have said little about the end of nearly four painful centuries of British rule and influence on Barbados , which was a key centre in the slave trade. “This is a matter for the government and people of Barbados ,” Buckingham Palace said when the authorities in Bridgetown set out its

This will symbolize for the country, but also other formerly colonized nations, a liberation of the "tyranny of imperial and colonial authority", as well as "the brutal heritage" of slavery, adds the researcher .

- Republican sentiment -

Elizabeth II has long been the most popular royal family member and embodies for many of the last living link in the country with its imperialist past.

When Charles succeeds him, many experts fear that the issue of a transition to a republic is no longer urgent for many of the remaining kingdoms.

Mr. Little thus believes that Australia, and to a lesser extent Canada, opt for a local head of state. In 1999, the Australians had already visited the ballot box to decide whether their country had to become a republic with a locally elected president, but the proposal had not finally been adopted.

For Graham Smith, the British Pressure Group Antimonarchy Republic, the example of Barbados is "useful" because it shows that abandoning the monarchy can be easily done.

"This will have a significant impact," he predicts, as in Jamaica.

In the United Kingdom, the end of the monarchy is poorly supported by former generations, only 13% of the ages 65 and more wishing to move to a republic, according to a survey of the Yugov Institute carried out in May. On the other hand, 41% of the 18-24 years would be in favor of an elected head of state.

According to Mr. Smith, this is explained by a great awareness of young people with anticolonialist and anti-cell struggles.

PHZ-CU / GMO / DTH

Prince Charles appears to fall asleep during midnight ceremony as Barbados becomes a republic .
Prince Charles has appeared to fall asleep, momentarily, during a late night ceremony to mark Barbados becoming a republic. Charles, 73, was a special guest at the historic event which saw Barbados cut ties with the British Crown after nearly 400 years. Official festivities marking the island's historic transition from realm to republic took place in National Heroes Square, decorated in the national colors of gold and ultramarine, in the heart of the capital of Bridgetown.

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