World Mobility inequalities accentuated, warns IOM

17:37  01 december  2021
17:37  01 december  2021 Source:   leparisien.fr

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UN-Migration: the world's mobility inequalities are accentuated, warns IOM

LES INÉGALITÉS DE MOBILITÉ DANS LE MONDE S'ACCENTUENT, PRÉVIENT L'OIM © Reuters / Jose Luis Gonzalez Inequalities of mobility in The world is increasing, warning IOM

by Paul Carrel

(Reuters) - migration between the richest countries have increased, while conflicts and climate change increased internal displacements in the most fragile states. It is difficult to flee, said Wednesday the International Organization for Migration (IOM).

out of the first 20 countries of origin of immigrants in 2020, 18 were among the most developed countries, compared with 7 in 1995, Marie McAuliffe said, head of the Research Division of the United Nations Agency for Migration and writer of the 2022 report on migration in the world.

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At the same time, the number of internally displaced persons increased in 2020 to 55 million worldwide, compared with 51 million in 2019 - a vulnerability exacerbated by the Pandemic of Covid-19, which made more difficult migrations in other countries.

"We risk seeing a fracture of international mobility, with potential consequences for global inequalities," Marin McAuliffe reported journalists.

Schengen's free circulation space has opened migration opportunities to some 400 million relatively rich European citizens, allowing, for example, Portuguese citizens to live and work in Germany.

On the other hand, "international migration routes for millions of people in developing countries have narrowed again", according to IOM, depriving many people with better life opportunities offered by migration.

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of the 55 million displaced persons within their own country in 2020, 48 million fled conflict and violence and seven million were uprooted by disasters such as hurricanes and forest fires, often caused by climate change.

Marie McAuliffe recalled the example of Afghan citizens who do not have access to passports, as well as the Democratic Republic of Congo and Cameroon, where heavy rains and floods resulted in some 279,000 and 116,000 new trips respectively.

"While COVID-19 nailed several million people around the world, the total number of the global displaced population has actually increased and new internal trips have also progressed," she added.

(Reportage Paul Carrel; Dagmarah Mackos for the French version, edited by Blandine Hénault)

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