World World Bank refuses new funding for bankrupt Sri Lanka
Protesters and people on Sri Lanka's new president
As Ranil Wickremesinghe officially takes over, theBBC's Secunder Kermani looks at the challenges ahead.On the steps, a small group began chanting "Ranil Go Home" but the reigning mood was one of disappointment and resignation rather than overwhelming outrage.
The World Bank said Friday it would not offer new funding to Sri Lanka unless the bankrupt island nation carried out "deep structural reforms" to stabilise its crashing economy.
Sri Lanka has suffered an unprecedented downturn with its 22 million people enduring months of food and fuel shortages, rolling blackouts and rampant inflation.
The South Asian nation defaulted on its $51-billion foreign debt in April and huge protests earlier this month forced then president Gotabaya Rajapaksa to flee the country and resign.
Sri Lanka sees new president sworn into office
The ex-prime minister is seen as unpopular but some protesters say they'll give him a chance.The 73-year-old took his oath at the tightly-guarded parliament complex on Thursday.
The World Bank said it was concerned about the impact of the crisis on Sri Lanka's people but was not ready to give funds until the government had bedded down necessary reforms.
"Until an adequate macroeconomic policy framework is in place, the World Bank does not plan to offer new financing to Sri Lanka," the lender said in a statement.
"This requires deep structural reforms that focus on economic stabilisation, and also on addressing the root structural causes that created this crisis."
The World Bank said it had already diverted $160 million from existing loans to finance urgently needed medicines, cooking gas and school meals.
Sri Lanka is currently in bailout talks with the International Monetary Fund but officials say the process could take months.
New Sri Lanka president sworn in, eyeing unity government
Sri Lanka's six-time prime minister Ranil Wickremesinghe was sworn in Thursday as president of the crisis-hit nation, with plans to form a unity government to manage the turmoil. The 73-year-old veteran politician, who was overwhelmingly elected as head of state in a parliamentary vote Wednesday, took his oath of office with the country's police chief and top military brass standing behind him. Official sources said the new leader was expected to shortly form a cabinet featuring several opposition lawmakers to steer the country out of its worst economic crisis since gaining independence from Britain.
The island nation has run out of foreign exchange to finance even the most essential imports, and chronic shortages have inflamed public anger.
Motorists stay in long queues for days to get rationed petrol and government officials have been told to work from home to reduce commuting and save fuel.
Inflation rose to 60.8 percent in July for a tenth consecutive monthly record, according to data from the Colombo Consumer Price Index (CCPI) released Friday, while the Sri Lankan rupee has lost more than half its value against the US dollar this year.
The UN World Food Programme estimates five out of every six Sri Lankan families have been forced to buy lower-quality food, eat less or in some cases skip meals altogether.
The crisis came to a head on July 9, when tens of thousands of protesters stormed Rajapaksa's residence, forcing the president to flee to Singapore and resign.
His successor, Ranil Wickremesinghe, has declared a state of emergency and vowed a tough line against "trouble-makers", with several activists who helped lead the mass demonstrations arrested this week.
Sri Lankan MPs to elect new president amid crisis .
Acting President Ranil Wickremesinghe is the frontrunner - but deeply unpopular with the public.Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe, currently interim leader, has been nominated for the role by the ruling party and is seen as the frontrunner.