World Ukraine: 5 minutes to understand why Zelensky calls the inhabitants of the Donetsk to evacuate

00:20  01 august  2022
00:20  01 august  2022 Source:   leparisien.fr

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Près de 200 000 personnes sont toujours présentes dans le Donetsk. Ici, la ville de Chasiv Yar, ravagée par les bombardements. Gleb Garanich/Reuters. © Gleb Guarantor nearly 200,000 people are still present in Donetsk. Here, the city of Chasiv Yar, ravaged by bombing. Gleb Guarantor/Reuters. This Saturday, July 30, in an video, the Ukrainian president Volodymyr Zelensky called the inhabitants of Donetsk, one of the two administrative regions of Donbass, to evacuate the area in order to escape "Russian terror" and bombings. "Please evacuate," he said, considering "that at this stage, terror is the main weapon of Russia". Every day, the Russian strikes mourn this territory. On the night of Saturday to Sunday, the Ukrainian army announced that it had suffered Russian fire at Bakhmout and Kramatorsk , two cities on the front. The day before, the bombing of a prison where prisoners of war were located killed 50 people. "A deliberate Russian war crime", according to Volodymyr Zelensky. Why should the population evacuate? The vice-premier Ukrainian minister, Iryna Verechtchouk, had announced several weeks ago to want to evacuate the populations of the Donetsk. A decision motivated by the destruction of gas networks and the lack of heating next winter in the region. The displayed priority of Volodymyr Zelensky is to protect his people. Nearly 200,000 people are still on site. By making the decision to make them leave this territory, thousands of lives would be potentially preserved. The lack of resources also comes into account. The population represents "a charge" in this area, since they no longer work. "If you can stop losing logistics to feed 200,000 people and can be assigned to armament and food for soldiers, it would be better," said Xavier Tytelman, military aviator. How will the inhabitants be evacuated? According to the Ukrainian human rights officer Dmytro Loubinetsk, Red Cross and the human rights surveillance mission of the United Nations should be present in the area in order to come to the aid of those who will leave for the west of the country. The inhabitants of the Donetsk will be evacuated by land, but "especially not by plane". Trains and transport will be chartered. The Ukrainian airspace being very controlled by Russia, the risks are great, according to General Paloméros, former chief of the Air Force Staff. What do those who remain? Those who stay in Donetsk must expect to undergo the same scenario as in Marioupol . After long weeks to resist, the 2,500 Ukrainian fighters, reclusive to the steel site d´Azovstal, had gone to the Russian forces. They have been from prisoners, despite requests from the UN Volodymyr Zelensky to guarantee the life and health of these soldiers. Accusations of torture towards these prisoners emerge every day. Faced with this, the European Union condemned on Friday evening "the atrocities committed by the Russian forces". According to Jean-Paul Paloméros, the inhabitants of Donetsk will be bombed, even "russified", that is to say becoming Russian by force. Because "what Russia takes, it does not give it back". According to the national police in charge of the operation "52,000 children are in the Donetsk Oblast". Evacuate to bounce better? General Paloméros also welcomes a "courageous and wise decision" on the part of the Ukrainian president, who must ensure the "territorial sovereignty of his country and preserve borders". There is no question of "losing a square meter of land in the area". According to him, the choice of Volodymyr Zelensky in no way announces a withdrawal from the Ukrainian military forces of the Donbass. On the contrary, the soldiers "will be able to focus on defensive lines against Russia", without worrying about the populations on the spot. These evacuations will also make it possible to solve "a secondary problem", according to the military aviator Xavier Tytelman. In general, 80% of the Donetsk population fled in the face of the arrival of the Russians. Among the residents who remain, some are favorable to the invader and inform him about the movements of the Ukrainian army. The more the region will be emptied, the easier it will be for Ukraine to recognize those who do not support it.

Russian offensive pressures Ukraine’s east .
Ukraine says a Russian push in the east looks like an attempt to force it to divert troops as Amnesty criticised Ukraine for basing troops in residential areas.Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskiy this week described the pressure his armed forces were under in the Donbas region in eastern Ukraine as “hell”.

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