World What is the Palestinian group Islamic Jihad?
Israel’s assault on Gaza: What we know so far
At least 29 people killed so far in attacks on Gaza, in the worst flare-up since the last major attack in May 2021.It has warned that its “preemptive” operation against the Palestinian Islamic Jihad could last a week. Its raids have destroyed apartment buildings and killed two senior officials from the armed group.
Palestinian Islamic Jihad, the militant group Israel says is the target of its latest Gaza bombardment, is an Iran-backed group founded in 1981 and committed to armed resistance against the Jewish state.
The group initially set up by students at the Islamic University of Gaza is seen as a sister organisation to Hamas, the Islamists who have controlled the Palestinian enclave since 2007.
Both were born out of the Muslim Brotherhood, an Islamist movement that was established in Egypt last century.
Near East: The human assessment increases in Gaza, rockets drawn towards Jerusalem
© Mahmud Hams / AFP of the rockets drawn from Gaza towards Israel in the night of August 6 to 7. The escalation of violence in the Gaza Strip, where 29 Palestinians of whom have perished, continues this Sunday without a sign of respite in this confrontation between group Islamic jihad and Israel, the most serious since a flash war last year. Islamic jihad claimed to have pulled rockets towards Jerusalem for the first time since the start of hostilities on Friday.
While primarily based in Gaza, Islamic Jihad also has a strong presence in the Israeli-occupied West Bank.
Israel insists the group's ties with Iran, the Jewish state's top foe, have deepened.
Prime Minister Yair Lapid noted that Islamic Jihad's leader, Ziad al-Nakhala, was in Iran when he authorised "pre-emptive" strikes against the group on Friday, citing the threat of attacks.
"The head of Islamic Jihad is in Tehran as we speak," Lapid said, just hours after Israeli jets killed Taysir al-Jabari, one of the group's key military leaders in Gaza.
Major General Hossein Salami, the head of Iran's Revolutionary Guards, told Nakhala on Saturday during a meeting in Tehran: "We are with you on this path until the end."
In 1992, Islamic Jihad's armed wing, known as the Al-Quds Brigade, was founded.
Islamic Jihad leader says will target Tel Aviv after Israel strikes Gaza
The leader of Palestinian militant group Islamic Jihad vowed Friday to target Tel Aviv after an Israeli strike killed one of the group's senior commanders in the Gaza Strip. "The Zionist enemy started this aggression and it must expect us to fight non-stop There will be no truce after this bombing," Ziad al-Nakhala told Lebanon's Al-Mayadeen television channel from Tehran, where he has been visiting in recent days. "There are no red lines in"The Zionist enemy started this aggression and it must expect us to fight non-stop... There will be no truce after this bombing," Ziad al-Nakhala told Lebanon's Al-Mayadeen television channel from Tehran, where he has been visiting in recent days.
The group was led by enigmatic writer and doctor Fathi Shaqaqi until 1995, when he was assassinated in Malta by a hit squad sent by Israel's spy agency, Mossad.
Designated as a terrorist organisation by the United States and the European Union among others, Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility for many suicide bombings targeting Israelis, notably through the second Palestinian intifada, or uprising, from 2000 to 2005.
One of the group's most prominent attacks was in 1989 on a bus travelling between Tel Aviv and Jerusalem that killed 16 people.
Many of the group's senior leaders have been based in Damascus, Syria.
They reject any negotiations with Israel and staunchly opposed the Oslo peace accords.
While the group regularly operates in coordination with Hamas, notably during an 11-day conflict with Israel last May, the ongoing conflict further highlights its independence.
Hamas has not fired rockets at Israel since the flare up began on Friday.
In 2019, Hamas sat out of fighting between Israel and Islamic Jihad that was triggered by Israel's assassination of Baha Abu al-Ata, Jabari's predecessor.
Israelis, Palestinians blame each other for the death of four children in Gaza explosion .
Israeli and Palestinian authorities have crossed accusations Saturday over the death of five people, including four children, in an explosion in the Jabalia refugee camp in the northern Gaza Strip. © Provided by News 360 Shells launched by Islamic Jihad militia from the Gaza Strip - Mohammed Talatene/dpa Israeli military sources quoted by the Hebrew press have assured that they were not responsible for any attack in the area at the time of the explosion and even claim to have radar data confirming the launching of the projectile that hit the site.