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World The horrifying diseases that could be lurking in the Tham Luang cave

16:28  10 july  2018
16:28  10 july  2018 Source:   brisbanetimes.com.au

Boys lost in Thai cave to be taught how to dive

  Boys lost in Thai cave to be taught how to dive Twelve boys and their football coach who are trapped in a Thai cave will be given four months of food and taught how to dive. The group was trapped in the Tham Luang Nang Non cave complex in Chiang Rai province for 10 days before being found by British rescuers.They were reached after a huge international rescue effort, with the underground cave network having been partially flooded by monsoon rains.But, since they were found, the question has been how to get them out through the underwater cave system, as they are about 2.5 miles from the entrance.

Health experts say the boys could have been exposed to an array of nasty diseases lurking in the flood water and spread by cave -dwelling animals.

Health experts say the boys could have been exposed to an array of nasty diseases lurking in the flood water and spread by cave -dwelling animals. Some of the trapped boys in the cave in Tham Luang .

Some of the trapped boys in the cave in Tham Luang.© Thailand Cave Rescue Some of the trapped boys in the cave in Tham Luang. Most members of the “Wild Boar” soccer team have been rescued – but after more than two weeks imprisoned underground in terrifying conditions, they are not out of the woods yet.

Health experts say the boys could have been exposed to an array of nasty diseases lurking in the flood water and spread by cave-dwelling animals.

Following initial health checks, Thai authorities have confirmed that two of the rescued soccer players are showing signs of pneumonia, but are otherwise in good health as they remain in isolation in hospital.

In the meantime, it is likely doctors will be on the lookout for a number of other health conditions as the rescue mission continues.

Weather looms as chief danger for Thai cave boys

  Weather looms as chief danger for Thai cave boys An Australian Federal Police diver involved in the search and rescue effort says it would be a “terrifying” ordeal for an 11-year-old to swim and dive out.The 12 soccer players, aged 11 to 16, and their 25-year-old coach are entering their 13th day trapped in the sprawling cave complex and a frantic rescue effort is underway, led by Thai authorities.

Health experts say the boys could have been exposed to an array of nasty diseases lurking in the flood water and spread by cave -dwelling anim Source: Read Full Article.

71862- the - horrifying - diseases - that - could - be - lurking - in - the - tham - luang - cave /. Hypoxia can be a concern in high-altitude regions, or when a plane loses air pressure. The air in caves tends to be good, and cavers would typically worry about high concentrations of carbon monoxide, not low.

Cave disease

Otherwise known as histoplasmosis, it can be contracted by breathing in spores of a fungus often found in soil with bat or bird droppings.

Often the symptoms are mild, but it has also been known to trigger serious complications, including meningitis (a brain infection), and is especially risky for those with compromised immune systems. Often the illness doesn’t become apparent until two weeks after exposure.

Leptospirosis

Rat urine is likely to be the main culprit in the spread of this bacterial disease in Thailand, said Professor Peter Leggat from James Cook University in Queensland.

Outbreaks are usually linked to exposure to flood water. It can sometime be fatal and cause serious disease including kidney failure and jaundice.

Thai cave rescue could happen 'today or tomorrow'

  Thai cave rescue could happen 'today or tomorrow' A diver who has volunteered to help get 12 boys and their football coach out of a cave complex in Thailand has said the rescue could happen "today or tomorrow".He also said the "mood has changed" among the rescue team after a former Navy Seal diver died while taking part in the effort.

In June and July 2018, a widely publicised cave rescue successfully extracted members of a junior football team trapped in Tham Luang Nang Non cave in Chiang Rai Province, Thailand. Twelve members of the team, aged eleven to seventeen

View image of Ambulances carry two of the boys freed from the Tham Luang Nang Non cave . For anyone thinking of exploring a cave , however, there are simple precautions you can take to protect yourself against the dangerous infections that lurk within.

Professor Leggat said as it was likely the soccer team had drunk the water in the cave, there was a possibility of leptospirosis.

Melioidosis

The tropical disease is caused by germs that live in wet soil and enter the body through cuts and scratches.

Common symptoms include a fever and difficulty breathing. It can also be fatal.

“Thailand is one of the hotspots for melioidosis,” said Professor Leggat. “Certainly water would help bring that to the surface so I think it's justifiable they could be a little bit concerned.”

'Bat rabies'

Although very rare, Associate Professor Simon Reid from the University of Queensland’s School of Public Health said that “bat rabies” or lyssavirus was also a risk for the group.

“Generally you have to be scratched but there are concerns that just exposure to bat droppings can put you at risk,” Professor Reid said.

Once the symptoms of rabies have begun there is no treatment. The illness progresses rapidly to paralysis, delirium, convulsions and death.

"Today is D-Day": Rescuers begin mission to extract Thai cave boys

  "Today is D-Day": Rescuers begin mission to extract Thai cave boysThirteen foreign divers and five members of Thailand's elite navy SEAL unit would attempt to bring the boys – some of whom are as young as 11 and not strong swimmers – through narrow, submerged passageways that claimed the life of a former Thai navy diver earlier this week.

You can change this preference below . An international search effort has gone on since the group went missing inside the Tham Luang cave . The boys are aged 11 to 16 and were with their 25-year-old coach.

‘‘To not receive food, we can still survive for many months but what’s necessary is water, which the cave has, and around this time there’s a lot in the cave , and they chose clean water to drink,’’ he said. The group had entered the sprawling Tham Luang cave to go exploring after soccer practice on June

Post-traumatic disorders

The rescued boys will probably have trouble sleeping and settling back into a routine as they recover from their “acutely traumatic” experience, said Professor Ian Hickie with the University of Sydney’s Brain and Mind Centre.

But how deeply affected they remain in the long term will probably depend on whether the rest of the team is able to get out safely, and if they are able to resume a relatively normal existence once the attention dies down, he said.

Thai authorities have so far been shielding the boys from the intense glare of the global media.

“The danger here for kids who are individually dragged into the limelight is that their whole life becomes about this one particular misadventure,” Professor Hickie said.

“I think the Thai authorities' emphasis on privacy and trying to deal with the group as a whole is actually a very mature one, assuming the families are intimately involved.”

Thai cave rescue: Ceremony held to appease cave goddess disturbed freeing of soccer team .
<p>Monks, the boys' families, the rescue commander, military brass and thousands of volunteers gathered to give thanks for the lives saved and to ask forgiveness for the intrusion of pumps, ropes and people as they brought out the Wild Boars soccer team.</p>While predominantly Buddhist, many Thais embrace animist beliefs in spirits that live in the forests, trees and caves.

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