Canada: Hundreds of Quebec women to be tested for HIV, hepatitis due to disinfection issue - PressFrom - Canada
  •   
  •   
  •   

CanadaHundreds of Quebec women to be tested for HIV, hepatitis due to disinfection issue

21:30  12 january  2019
21:30  12 january  2019 Source:   cbc.ca

Freezing, snowy weekend in store for much of southern Quebec

Freezing, snowy weekend in store for much of southern Quebec Some places are bracing for up to 40 centimetres of snow, others are dealing with windchill values of –40 or lower.

Should pregnant women be tested for HBV? Can hepatitis B vaccine be given during pregnancy or lactation? Should persons be tested for immunity to hepatitis B before being vaccinated? Is there any benefit or risk in vaccinating a person who has been infected with HBV?

About 1,000 patients will need to be screened for HIV and hepatitis after sterilization problems at Quebec City-area medical establishments. The patients would have undergone echo-endoscopies at l'Hotel-Dieu hospital in Levis, Que., or at the Alphonse-Desjardins medical centre.

Hundreds of Quebec women to be tested for HIV, hepatitis due to disinfection issue © Simon Turcotte/Radio-Canada Jean-Christophe Carvalho, the director of professional services with the regional health centre of the Lower Saint-Lawrence, said the hospital in Rivière-du-Loup suspended cryotherapy treatment between November 2017 and January 2018.

More than 300 women in the Lower St. Lawrence will have be tested for hepatitis, HIV and other viruses, after health officials discovered they had not been following the proper disinfection protocol for some gynecological equipment.

The 312 women all underwent cryotherapy at the hospital in Rivière-du-Loup between 2011 and 2017, a procedure in which pre-cancerous cells on the cervix are "frozen and destroyed" using a cryosurgical unit "that looks like a gun," explained Dr. Jean-Christophe Carvalho, director of professional services for the region.

Andrew Scheer promises more autonomy for Quebec

Andrew Scheer promises more autonomy for Quebec MONTREAL - Conservative Leader Andrew Scheer is promising to give Quebec more autonomy over immigration if he is elected prime minister. But speaking in Montreal today, Scheer offered few details and wouldn't say whether he agrees Quebec alone should determine how many immigrants it receives every year. The federal official Opposition Leader says he's willing to discuss all of Premier Francois Legault's demands to Ottawa about a temporary reduction in the number of newcomers to Quebec. Prime Minister Justin Trudeau has said he is willing to continue discussions with Legault about reducing immigration to Quebec by 20 per cent in 2019.

Are pregnant women tested for hepatitis B? If a pregnant woman has hepatitis B, is there a way to prevent her baby from getting hepatitis B? All blood spills — including those that have already dried — should be cleaned and disinfected

Should a woman with hepatitis C virus infection avoid breastfeeding? What blood tests are used to test for hepatitis C? How soon after exposure to the hepatitis C virus can hepatitis C virus be detected by a hepatitis C virus RNA (PCR) test ? Can a person have normal liver enzyme (e.g., ALT)

He said staff were wiping off the tip of the instrument with a cloth soaked in disinfectant, instead of submerging the devices for several minutes, which is required by new guidelines set out by Health Canada in 2017.

Carvalho said screening the women for HIV, Hepatitis B and C as well as the Human Papilloma Virus is a precaution, since the risk of infection is 1 in 100,000.

While the risk of infection was low, public health said it was crucial to be transparent and contact the women who may have undergone this treatment.

He said staff only found out 18 months ago that there was a problem, after the company that makes the equipment  contacted the hospital.

"The company noticed that it was necessary for us to increase the level of disinfection to guarantee the security of the patients," said Carvalho.

Quebec Premier François Legault dumps Environment Minister MarieChantal Chassé

Quebec Premier François Legault dumps Environment Minister MarieChantal Chassé MarieChantal Chassé, who is new to politics, was first elected when the CAQ swept a majority victory on Oct. 1. She will stay on as an MNA for Châteauguay.

Hepatitis is inflammation of the liver tissue. Some people have no symptoms whereas others develop yellow discoloration of the skin and whites of the eyes, poor appetite, vomiting, tiredness

Hepatitis B, a virus transmitted through contact with the blood or other body fluids, attacks the liver and can cause both acute and chronic disease. Asked why the health unit suggested testing for HIV and hepatitis C, Albanese said the purpose is to get people to speak to their health-care providers about

The hospital immediately stopped performing the procedure.

Isolated case

It was Quebec's public health institute that first lodged a complaint to Health Canada about the cleaning technique.

"Medical staff on the ground asked us to verify the procedure," said Andrée Pelletier, a scientific consultant with the institute's research centre into medical equipment sterilization (CERDM).

Hundreds of Quebec women to be tested for HIV, hepatitis due to disinfection issue © Radio-Canada Radio-Canada

"We realized there were shortfalls," Pelletier said.

The CERDM called for more stringent disinfection protocol after researchers established there was a risk of infection, however small.

Health Canada sent out a public notice about how the devices should be cleaned in 2017. The company issued the new directives four months later, and started contacting institutions that use the device.

The Rivière-du-Loup hospital is the only place where the problem occurred, according to Pelletier.

The women who have undergone the procedure will receive a phone call from a nurse to arrange for blood and gynecological tests, and will also receive documentation explaining the situation.

Quebec media star Éric Salvail charged with sexual assault, confinement.
Salvail, 49, is facing charges stemming from incidents alleged to have occurred almost 26 years ago. The Crown announced the charges following Salvail's arrest by Montreal police, Tuesday. The alleged acts took place between April 1, 1993, and Nov. 30, 1993 and involve one victim, according to the charge sheet. The name of the alleged victim remains unknown, and the person is only identified by the letters D.D. Salvail, 49, turned himself in to police, and was released on a promise to appear in the Montreal courthouse on Feb. 15.

—   Share news in the SOC. Networks

Topical videos:

usr: 3
This is interesting!