•   
  •   
  •   

CanadaInquiry into missing and murdered Indigenous women issues final report with sweeping calls for change

13:46  03 june  2019
13:46  03 june  2019 Source:   cbc.ca

National inquiry calls murders and disappearances of Indigenous women a 'Canadian genocide'

National inquiry calls murders and disappearances of Indigenous women a 'Canadian genocide' The thousands of Indigenous women and girls who were murdered or disappeared across the country in recent decades are victims of a “Canadian genocide,” says the final report of the national inquiry created to probe the ongoing tragedy. The inquiry's final report, obtained by CBC News and verified by sources, concludes that a genocide driven by the disproportionate level of violence faced by Indigenous women and girls occurred in Canada through "state actions and inactions rooted in colonialism and colonial ideologies.

A copy of the final , 1,200-page report — and its 231 " calls for justice" — is available here. At the ceremony, Marion Buller, chief commissioner of The inquiry found that Indigenous women and girls are 12 times more likely to be murdered or to go missing than members of any other demographic

The inquiry ’s final report , released publicly Monday morning with more than 200 recommendations to the federal government, calls violence against First Nations, Metis and Inuit women and girls a form of “genocide” and a crisis that has been “centuries in Why are Indigenous women missing in Canada?

Inquiry into missing and murdered Indigenous women issues final report with sweeping calls for change© Fred Chartrand/Canadian Press Commissioner Brian Eyolfson (left to right), commissioner Marilyn Poitras, chief commissioner Marion Buller, commissioner Michele Audette, commissioner Qajaq Robinson and Susan Vella, former lead legal counsel, hold a news conference in Ottawa on Tuesday, February 7, 2017 for the National Inquiry into Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls. The inquiry will deliver its final report today.

After more than three years, dozens of community meetings and testimony from well over 2,000 Canadians, the Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls inquiry will deliver its final report to the federal government at a ceremony in Gatineau, Que. today.

Former Harper-era minister doubles down on calling MMIWG inquiry report 'propagandist'

Former Harper-era minister doubles down on calling MMIWG inquiry report 'propagandist' A former federal Aboriginal affairs minister under the Stephen Harper government is doubling down on his social media claim that the finding of “genocide” by the National Inquiry into Murdered and Missing Indigenous Women and girls was “propagandist.”

The inquiry into missing and murdered Indigenous women and girls delivered its final report to the federal government this week, with 231 calls for justice to help end the cycle of violence.

The missing and murdered Indigenous women (MMIW) epidemic affects Indigenous peoples in Canada and the United States, including the First Nations, Inuit, Métis (FNIM), and Native American communities. It has been described as a Canadian national crisis and a Canadian genocide.

The report, which CBC News obtained before its official release, includes many recommendations to government, the police and the larger Canadian public to help address endemic levels of violence directed at Indigenous women and girls and 2SLGBTQQIA (two-spirit, lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, questioning, intersex and asexual) people.

CBCNews.ca will carry the closing ceremonies live starting at 9 a.m. ET.

Beyond defining the level of violence against these women as a "Canadian genocide," recommending official language status for Indigenous languages and a guaranteed income for all Indigenous peoples, the commissioners are also recommending sweeping reforms to the justice system and policing in this country, including stiffer penalties for men who carry out spousal or partner abuse.

Killing, violence toward Indigenous women, girls 'not a relic of our past': PM

Killing, violence toward Indigenous women, girls 'not a relic of our past': PM GATINEAU, Que. — Geraldine Gauthier clutched a picture of her sister, Lynn, as she heard from the federally funded commission tasked with documenting the causes of violence against Indigenous women and girls. Lynn was murdered 19 years ago. For Gauthier, the day was emotional and brought back many memories. But it was also filled with a touch of optimism now that 231 recommendations from the inquiry into missing and murdered Indigenous women and girls have been put on paper. "They are going to hear what we have to say, first of all," she said. "It is a beginning and I hope it does bring change.

To the missing and murdered indigenous women and girls of Canada, to their families and to survivors, we have failed you. We will fail you no AMY GOODMAN: The report follows decades of anguish and anger as indigenous communities have called for greater attention to the epidemic of

OTTAWA — The final report of a national inquiry into missing and murdered Indigenous women and girls is calling for broad and widespread changes to the way the justice system handles cases, including standardized response times, better communication with family members and strict protocols

Inquiry into missing and murdered Indigenous women issues final report with sweeping calls for change© Sean Kilpatrick/Canadian Press Indigenous and Northern Affairs Minister Carolyn Bennett.

"We call upon the federal government to include cases where there is a pattern of intimate partner violence and abuse as murder in the first degree under section 222 of the Criminal Code," the report reads.

First-degree murder is the most serious of all the homicide offences. If convicted, offenders usually spend longer in prison, with fewer chances for parole.

The inquiry said that, too often, murder investigations are "marked by indifference" and negative stereotypes that result in Indigenous deaths and disappearances being investigated and treated differently from other cases — differences that result in fewer solved cases.

And when there is a reasonable chance of a conviction, the inquiry said, Crown attorneys too often are willing to accept plea bargains or reduced charges in exchange for guilty pleas in cases of murdered Indigenous women.

What does it mean to call Canada's treatment of Indigenous women a 'genocide'?

What does it mean to call Canada's treatment of Indigenous women a 'genocide'? Historians have been debating the exact meaning of the word 'genocide' since it was coined in the shadow of the Holocaust. Now it's being applied to Canada.

In its final report , released this week, the National Inquiry into Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls described those thousands of Inquiry into missing and murdered Indigenous women issues final report with sweeping calls for change . Former Harper-era minister doubles

Inquiry into missing and murdered Indigenous women issues final report with sweeping calls for change . The inquiry found that Indigenous women and girls are more likely to be murdered or to go missing than members of other demographic groups in Canada — and 16 times more likely to be

To that end, the inquiry calls for more "Indigenous-specific options" for sentencing, without specifying what exactly the government should change on that front. It called for a strengthening of Gladue principles in Canadian courts, a legal term that stipulates an offender's Indigenous ancestry should be considered in the sentencing process.

"While the prosecutorial decisions ... may well be justified, the frequency with which this occurs understandably raises questions in the Indigenous community, particularly when the sentences on conviction escape the mandatory parole ineligibility of 10 or 25 years on the more serious charges."

To ensure more equitable outcomes, the inquiry said, more Indigenous judges, justices of the peace and police should be hired to ensure Indigenous voices are in positions of power in the criminal justice system. Failing that, the report said a separate court system for the Indigenous population should be established to lead to more "meaningful and culturally appropriate justice practices ..."

Far too many murder cases aren't solved and don't make it to trial at all, the inquiry said — and that means the federal funds ought to be bolstering the ranks of Indigenous police forces across the country to ensure better investigations.

Indigenous Rights Bill In Jeopardy, Days After MMIWG Report Urged Its Passage

Indigenous Rights Bill In Jeopardy, Days After MMIWG Report Urged Its Passage OTTAWA — Odds are shrinking that an NDP MP’s bill proposing the government review its laws to ensure they meet minimal international rights standards for Indigenous peoples will pass before Parliament adjourns for summer. 

"We call upon all governments to immediately and dramatically transform Indigenous policing from its current state as a mere delegation to an exercise in self-governance and self-determination over policing," the report reads.

"The federal government's First Nations Policing Program must be replaced with a new legislative and funding framework, consistent with international and domestic policing best practices and standards, that must be developed by the federal, provincial, and territorial governments in partnership with Indigenous Peoples."

The report also calls on provincial and territorial governments to improve the restraining order system by making them "available, accessible, promptly issued and effectively serviced and resourced" — to help Indigenous women stay out of harm's way when faced with a violent partner.

Beyond facilitating access to restraining orders (or "protection orders," as they're often known in Canada) the inquiry is calling on the government to offer guaranteed access to financial support, legislated paid leave and disability benefits and "appropriate trauma care" to Indigenous victims of crime or other traumatic events.

Crown-Indigenous Relations Minister Carolyn Bennett would not comment on the report's recommendations ahead of their official release.

Andrew Scheer rejects use of ‘genocide’ in reference to Indigenous women, girls

Andrew Scheer rejects use of ‘genocide’ in reference to Indigenous women, girls The term was used in the final report of the National Inquiry into Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls this week, prompting debate.

"Out of respect for the independent National Inquiry and the families, we won't comment on the details of the final report before then. After decades of demanding a national inquiry into missing and murdered Indigenous women and girls, families are finally getting the answers they have been looking for," a spokesperson for the minister said.

In an interview with CBC News before the news organization obtained a leaked copy of the report, Bennett said the government accepts that the status quo isn't keeping Indigenous women and girls safe.

She said, however, that the government already has moved ahead with meaningful reforms, including its overhaul of the child and family services regime and a de-colonizing push for greater self-government for Indigenous peoples, part of a larger fight for equality.

"The inquiry is really only a beginning. We've got to do the work, and we've got to change attitudes, and we've got to increase the safety of Indigenous women and girls wherever they are in this country," Bennett said.

"Indigenous women and girls need to be safe wherever they live in this country — whether it's in their home communities or a downtown urban centre. That's the only way we'll stop this national tragedy."

CBC Politics' new weekly Canada Votes newsletter

Get analysis from our Parliamentary bureau as we count down to the federal election. Delivered to your inbox every Sunday evening – then daily during the campaign. Sign up here.

Read more

Cold comfort: Families of missing and murdered Indigenous women pin hopes on national police task force.
The MMIWG inquiry wants to see a national police task force established to investigate unsolved cases of murdered and missing Indigenous women and girls.

Topical videos:

usr: 1
This is interesting!