•   
  •   
  •   

Canada When it comes to politics, it's not disagreeing that's the problem — it's that we like each other less

15:36  17 october  2019
15:36  17 october  2019 Source:   cbc.ca

7 must-see moments from the 2019 leaders debate

  7 must-see moments from the 2019 leaders debate We found seven moments to remember from the debate—one for each leader and then one in which every leader had something to say ..@AndrewScheer, responding to @JustinTrudeau: "You seem to be oddly obsessed with provincial politics. There is a vacancy for the Ontario Liberal leadership, and if you are so focused on provincial politics go and run for the leadership of that party Mr. Trudeau." pic.twitter.

Is it policy that divides Canadians the most? Or partisanship? This type of polarization can happen regardless of whether the parties disagree with each other . It should worry all Canadians when politicians receive death threats. Most of these threats do not come to fruition and there is a mental

It will probably come as no surprise that most Americans distrust the federal government. Trust breaks down when politics are involved. The survey also found that while Americans trusted each other to carry out certain civic responsibilities — like reporting serious problems to authorities

a group of people standing in front of a crowd posing for the camera: Anti-pipeline and pro-pipeline demonstrators are seen in these file photos. Is it policy that divides Canadians the most? Or partisanship? John Santos says the data points to the latter.© Provided by Canadian Broadcasting Corporation Anti-pipeline and pro-pipeline demonstrators are seen in these file photos. Is it policy that divides Canadians the most? Or partisanship? John Santos says the data points to the latter.

Everyone's talking about polarization. We're more divided than ever, commentators say. Politics is so divisive these days!

But is this true? And what does "polarization" even mean?

There are at least a couple of ways to understand the term.

Defining 'polarization'

One way to understand polarization is a shift in the distribution of public opinion such that there are fewer people in the middle and more people at the ends of the ideological spectrum.

'They had to be rebels': Populism and Alberta's changing conservative politics

  'They had to be rebels': Populism and Alberta's changing conservative politics Conservatism in Alberta, on the provincial and federal level, has come in many shapes and sizes, been expressed in many ways, since the province was formed in 1905. From Social Credit, to the Reform Party to the Canadian Alliance. From the Progressive Conservative Party of Alberta, to the United Conservative Party, the People's Party of Canada, The Conservative Party of Canada. Also, the Wildrose Party, the Freedom Conservative Party and others.Each of those parties has held different values and appealed differently to conservative voters. Some have been more populist in outlook and rhetoric than others.

I hate it when 6 I think I _ (send) Pedro the wrong file when I you drive fast. emailed him yesterday. Experiments have shown that 7 When it comes to watching body language, legs and we use our hands to talk with much less than usual when feet How long did it take? • What was it like ? •

It is believed that these more gradual changes in the law are preferable to a complete ban. If you are thinking about becoming a vegetarian, it ’ s important to do a little research first and make sure you She thought it was a phase, something that I would grow out of. After all, who can live their entire life

Think back to the "bell curve" you learned in your statistics class. A normal distribution of opinion would look like a bell with a single peak in the middle. An ideologically polarized distribution would have two peaks on either side and a valley in the middle.

Another way is "affective" or emotional polarization ("affect" being another word for feeling or emotion). This means partisans are growing more negative toward parties other than their own.

This type of polarization can happen regardless of whether the parties disagree with each other. In fact, research shows partisans dislike supporters of other parties, even if those other partisans have the same policy positions as they do. Conversely, they still like partisans on their own team with whom they disagree on policy.

The noise and the stakes

  The noise and the stakes Paul Wells: The maddening choice comes down to this: a government that is fiscally responsible or one that takes climate action seriously. You can't have both.Much of what’s happened in this miserable campaign has been healthy. If the seat projections from our friend Philippe J. Fournier are accurate, the two largest parties have both lost support since the campaign began. And the worst part of the campaign was the nine days that began with the TVA French debate on Oct. 2 and ended with the two commission-sanctioned debates on Oct. 7 and 10.

it ' s almost like when you come from a culture that glorifies criminality, it leads to criminiality. I acknowledge their cause but disagree that it is occurring at the rate they claim. The problem I have with the "systemic racism" argument is in the evidence they cite.

To phrase it in the simple terms that Katherine, a Russian nurse living in Brooklyn, puts it , “People keep acting like we ’d all live forever if it weren’t for the coronavirus. For what it ’ s worth, my experience is that confronting death comes in more or less three stages: Stage One: Fear and panic.

In Canada, we're mostly seeing the latter form of polarization. The parties are being increasingly differentiated by the positions they take and the preferences held by those who identify with them. And those who identify with a party are also becoming more negative toward other parties.

What we're not seeing is an exodus from the middle to the extremes of the ideological spectrum.

Jody Wilson-Raybould Is Justin Trudeau’s Worst Nightmare

  Jody Wilson-Raybould Is Justin Trudeau’s Worst Nightmare She’s kind of the AOC of Canada.Editor’s note: The opinions in this article are the author’s, as published by our content partner, and do not necessarily represent the views of MSN or Microsoft.

Not standing your ground when it comes to the things that are important to you may make your partner think that they can have whatever they want Subconsciously, those people know that fighting is just a sign of their passion, and their disagreement will end up being an even more passionate makeup.

[Chorus] It ’ s you, it ’ s always you If I’m ever gonna fall in love I know it ’ s gonna be you It ’ s you, it ’ s always you Met a lot of people but nobody feels [Verse 2] I know I’m not the best at choosing lovers We both know my past speaks for itself If you don’t think that we ’re right for each other Please don’t

Looking at data

Let's look at some data from the Canadian Election Studies (CES). These are surveys conducted by a team of political scientists during and after each federal election campaign. As public opinion polls go, these are the gold standard, and they are used widely in academic research.

(Note, because politics works a bit differently in Quebec, I only look at results from the English-speaking provinces.)

The CES has a question that asks voters to place themselves on a left-to-right scale, ranging from zero to 10. Zero means very left-wing, ten means very right-wing, and five means centrist.

Trump's unmatched sleaze: Grifters, women, trampling Constitution and now G-7 at Doral

  Trump's unmatched sleaze: Grifters, women, trampling Constitution and now G-7 at Doral Trump's unmatched sleaze: Grifters, women, trampling Constitution and now G-7 at Doral

The tip and the problem it solves must be in the title. If it takes more than the title, you have described a procedure, not a tip. Advice is not a Lifeprotip as we define it . Advice includes but is not limited to thinking about something a certain way or trying something hoping for better results.

It ' s a good book. Greg: Yeah, I've noticed you don't have any topics like these on your web site. Many animal activists disagree with using animals for medical research. Politics can be interesting, but it ' s a touchy topic so I just play it safe and don't put it up on the site.

If Canada has become more polarized over time, what we should see is fewer people placing themselves in the middle of the spectrum and more people placing themselves on the extremes. This is not really the case, as we see in the following graph.

a drawing of a face© Provided by Canadian Broadcasting Corporation

Between 1997 and 2015, the proportion placing themselves dead in the middle of the spectrum (five out of 10) went from 33 per cent to 30 per cent. The proportion placing themselves at the farthest left position on the spectrum increased from six per cent to 10 per cent. And the proportion placing themselves at the farthest right position of the spectrum decreased from 14 per cent to 11 per cent.

All of these changes are within the margin of error.

The picture is clearer when we "fold" the spectrum and combine the far left and far right into one category, combine the left and right into one category, and keep the centrists as a third category. See how that looks below.

a screenshot of a cell phone© Provided by Canadian Broadcasting Corporation

The proportions of people in each of these three categories is roughly the same over this period. The centre has not collapsed, nor has there been a significant increase in the proportion of people placing themselves at the extremes of the political spectrum.

Trump made at least 20 false claims in angry, rambling Cabinet monologue

  Trump made at least 20 false claims in angry, rambling Cabinet monologue President Donald Trump delivered a blistering and rambling monologue to the journalists he allowed into his Cabinet meeting for more than 70 minutes on Monday. His press secretary, Stephanie Grisham, later tweeted, "I hope we see honest reporting from today's mtg."We can honestly tell you that Trump's remarks were highly dishonest.

Where things have become polarized is that partisans of one party dislike the other parties more and more. This is affective polarization.

Partisans don't like each other

The CES also collects data on individuals' partisan identities and evaluations of other parties.

Someone has a partisan identity when they have an enduring psychological attachment to a party — so much so that their bond to their party is a part of how they see themselves. In turn, this identity colours how they perceive reality, and can even shape their values.

Evaluations of other parties is measured through a "feeling thermometer" question. This asks a survey respondent to rate each of the parties on a zero-to-100 scale, where zero means very negative and 100 means very positive.

We can look at how partisans of the different parties rate each of the parties over time. If partisans are becoming increasingly positive about their own party and/or increasingly negative about the other parties, then we can say affective polarization has taken place.

(Richard Johnston from UBC and Christopher Cochrane have written about this before in much more depth than I cover here. Anyone interested in polarization should read their work.)

It is no surprise that partisans of all stripes rate their own party higher than they rate other parties. But, the love of their own party does not seem to be increasing over time. What has changed is how partisans feel about the other parties.

Analysis: In a race with only losers, Trudeau's Liberals managed to lose the least

  Analysis: In a race with only losers, Trudeau's Liberals managed to lose the least If you picture a basketball game where both sides, unbeknownst to the other, bet against themselves, you might have a good sense of how Canada’s federal election — which ended last night not in a whimper but in a 40-day sigh — played out. It’s not just that no one seemed capable of winning. It’s that they all looked at times like they were actively trying to lose. So, kudos all around. Because if that was the goal, they all managed it, or at least most of them did anyway. For the first time in living memory, at least five of six competitive parties lost Monday. The only real winners were the Bloc Quebecois.

Looking at Liberal identifiers, we see a mixed picture of affective polarization.

Since 1988, Liberals have become more positive toward the NDP (43 points in 1988 to 54 points in 2015) and more negative toward the Progressive Conservative Party and, later, Conservative Party (43 points in 1988 to 34 points in 2015). Liberals were even more negative toward the Reform and Canadian Alliance parties in the 1990s than toward the Progressive Conservatives of that time. And, they have been quite positive about the Green Party since the CES started asking about feelings towards the Greens in 2011.

a screenshot of a cell phone© Provided by Canadian Broadcasting Corporation

The picture is similar with NDP identifiers.

They have become more positive toward the Liberal Party (42 points in 1988 to 56 points in 2015) and more negative toward the Conservative Party (36 points in 1988 to 24 points in 2015). New Democrats were also more negative toward the Reform and Canadian Alliance in the 1990s than the PCs. And their feelings toward the Greens are similar to their feelings toward the Liberals in 2011 and 2015.

a screenshot of a social media post© Provided by Canadian Broadcasting Corporation

The picture is a bit different with Conservative identifiers.

They have had consistently negative impressions of the NDP (32 points in 1988 and 31 points in 2015). Their feelings toward the Liberal Party have gone from slightly negative (41 points in 1988) to neutral (51 points in 1993) to negative (33 points in 2015). By 2015, Conservatives dislike the Liberal Party as much as they dislike the NDP.

Lindsay Lohan shades Cody Simpson and Miley Cyrus on Instagram

  Lindsay Lohan shades Cody Simpson and Miley Cyrus on Instagram Lindsay Lohan said Cody could have had her little sister, but "settled" for Miley.On Tuesday, LiLo posted and quickly took down an Instagram picture that showed Cody with her little sister Aliana, whom he briefly dated last year. Lindsay's post came after Cody won Australia's version of "The Masked Singer" on Monday's episode.

Interestingly, they were more positive about the Reform and Canadian Alliance parties than their own party in the 1990s. And they are even more negative toward the Greens than either the Liberals or the NDP in 2011 and 2015.

a close up of a map© Provided by Canadian Broadcasting Corporation

This analysis is not complete without looking at non-partisans.

Their evaluations of the parties form a boring graph with relatively stable lines that hover between neutral to slightly negative (50 to 40 points). Non-partisans rate the parties similarly, with slightly less negativity toward the Liberals.

a close up of a map© Provided by Canadian Broadcasting Corporation

There is change among the non-partisans, yes. Of course, there would be fluctuations over nine elections spanning 27 years. But the differences are not stark, nor are there clear trends over time.

On one hand, non-partisans' ambivalence is not surprising. On the other hand, it challenges a popular notion that everyone is more negative about politics these days.

One might be tempted to assume non-partisans are non-partisans because they are equal opportunity haters — folks who say, "a plague o' all your houses!" But the data do not show that. Non-partisans are neutral to all the parties. This suggests that the increased animosity in politics these days is mostly a partisan-on-partisan affair.

So what?

OK, so there isn't an exodus to the extremes of the political spectrum and people just like each other less. So what?

For parties and partisans, this should be a wake up call to dial back the rhetoric and resist the temptation to call the people on the other side a bunch of ideologues who are un-Canadian and hate Canada. These are cheap ploys designed to press individuals' psychological buttons for political gain.

Short of calling for people's rights to be taken away, most political disagreements should be within the acceptable boundaries of debate. It should not be considered un-Canadian to have a discussion on whether there should be more private delivery of health care services. Nor should it be considered un-Albertan to question if more should be done to promote industries other than oil and gas.

The whole point of living in a democracy is to be able to disagree and to have a way to resolve those disagreements without resorting to violence.

It should worry all Canadians when politicians receive death threats. Most of these threats do not come to fruition and there is a mental health aspect to many terrorist attacks, but an affectively polarized, us-versus-them political environment can encourage radicalization, which is a step along the path toward politically motivated violence.

For non-partisans, this should be a call to hold parties accountable when they take those cheap political shots. The evidence from the CES suggests non-partisans are ambivalent toward the parties and are not biased for or against them. But that doesn't mean individual non-partisans are not susceptible to having their emotions manipulated for partisan gain on a particular issue.

So, when it comes to polarization, it's not disagreeing that's the problem — it's being disagreeable about it.

Lindsay Lohan shades Cody Simpson and Miley Cyrus on Instagram .
Lindsay Lohan said Cody could have had her little sister, but "settled" for Miley.On Tuesday, LiLo posted and quickly took down an Instagram picture that showed Cody with her little sister Aliana, whom he briefly dated last year. Lindsay's post came after Cody won Australia's version of "The Masked Singer" on Monday's episode.

Topical videos:

usr: 0
This is interesting!