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Global Affairs Canada says it has found no credible evidence linking Canadian exports of military equipment to human rights violations by the government of Saudi Arabia — and it has another 48 applications for permits to export military equipment to the kingdom ready for government approval
Global Affairs says it has found no credible evidence linking Canadian exports of military equipment or other controlled goods to Saudi Arabian human rights “Engagement by departmental officials with 20 companies that have a history of exporting to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia [KSA] suggests
Global Affairs Canada says it has found no credible evidence linking Canadian exports of military equipment to human rights violations by the government of Saudi Arabia — and it has another 48 applications for permits to export military equipment to the kingdom ready for government approval — a newly released document shows.
These revelations are part of a departmental briefing note for then-Minister of Foreign Affairs Chrystia Freeland dated Sept. 17, 2019.
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10 examples of Saudi Arabia's human rights abuses . If arms export controls mean anything then all allegations of human rights breaches must be thoroughly Defence Secretary Sir Michael Fallon revealed the official figures, which relate to exports signed off by the Government between 1986 to 1989, after it emerged Find your bookmarks in your Independent Premium section, under my profile.
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The briefing note says the department has been examining the domestic human rights situation in Saudi Arabia and the Kingdom's involvement in the war in Yemen ever since the Canadian government announced a review of all Saudi arms sales and a freeze on new export permits in November 2018.
While the document acknowledges that Saudi Arabia's overall human rights record remains problematic, it says "officials found no credible evidence linking Canadian exports of military equipment or other controlled items to any human rights or humanitarian law violations committed by the Saudi government."
"Officials did not identify any existing permits or pending applications that would be of concern under the standard robust risk assessment framework," says the document.
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Saudi Arabia has not responded to Human Rights Watch letters detailing apparent violations by the coalition and seeking clarification on the intended Despite the numerous credible reports of serious laws-of-war violations, the Saudi -led coalition has taken no evident actions either to minimize harm to
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) is a historic document that was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly at its third session on 10 December 1948 as Resolution 217 at the
The document says the department believes there is "no substantial risk" that current Canadian exports of military equipment will result in any human rights violations within Saudi Arabia.
The memo also says that, during its period of review, the "department has assessed and processed a further 48 permit applications for exports of controlled goods to KSA" — the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia — and that these permits "have been deemed ready for approval by officials and await your further consideration."
The Liberal government announced its review of existing permits and a freeze on new permits following thein October 2018. U.S. intelligence has concluded that the dissident journalist's murder was ordered by Saudi Crown Prince Mohammad bin Salman.
Canada has a contract worth roughlyfor Canadian-made light armoured vehicles. Exports of these vehicles have continued unabated during the course of the review.
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Letters between foreign secretary and Liam Fox reveal UK weapons exports were under review following the A spokesman for the UK government said: “The UK is playing a leading role in work to find a Instead of immediately halting arms sales to Saudi Arabia or challenging the human rights
Saudi Arabia's human rights record has been called into question after the news that 47 people were executed in one day. The country remains a member of the United Nations human rights council despite making extensive use of the death penalty and carrying out dozens of public executions.
Although the department says it has found no substantial risk in Canada exporting arms to Saudi Arabia, the Canadian review and the freeze on arms export permits will remain in place until Trudeau's cabinet makes a policy decision about sales of military materiel to the Saudis.
"We are reviewing export permits to Saudi Arabia and no decision has been made. While this review is ongoing, no new permits have been issued," said Natasha Nystrom, a spokesperson for Global Affairs Canada.
The document says the minister of foreign affairs has "broad discretion to make the determination of whether an export of controlled goods is consistent with Canada's interests, so long as it is not based on irrelevant considerations and is not arbitrary and capricious."
"The absence of any credible evidence of a substantial risk does not require that you issue a given permit, as there may be other foreign, security or defence policy reasons not to grant a permit," says the document.
One month after the briefing note was prepared, new footage surfaced that appears to show Canadian-made Saudi military equipment captured or destroyed by Houthi rebels in Yemen..
Chrystia Freeland should have remained Minister of Foreign Affairs
Marcus Kolga: Canada cannot afford to be placing its foreign policy in the hands of anyone other than the very best .With so many complex and demanding challenges, Canada should have stayed the course with its leadership on foreign affairs. Prime Minister Trudeau would be wise to seek out his new Deputy PM’s advice on foreign policy, in order to maintain Canada’s leadership position on critical files, among them human rights, and Russia, NATO, China, Venezuela, and U.S. relations.
The Saudi regime flagrantly violates human rights at home and abroad. Canada also sends military products directly to Algeria, China, South Sudan, and Colombia, to name a few countries with dismal records when it comes to human rights abuses .
Saudi Arabia and Iran also highlighted in report revealing that small arms trade is still a murky industry in which weapons can reach wrong hands.
Former Canadian ambassador to Saudi Arabia Dennis Horak — who was expelled by the Saudi government last year — said he agrees with the findings in the new document.
"The arms we're selling are not being used for violations of human rights. They're just not, whether it's in Yemen or whether it's elsewhere," he said.
Horak said he thinks conditioning arms sales on evaluations of whether they will be used to violate human rights is a more reasonable measure than considering a country's overall human rights record.
"Some of the places we're going to send them to are not going to be perfect Western-style democracies," he said.
$2B in trade affected by bilateral spat
The document also includes an assessment of the Canada-Saudi Arabia bilateral relationship, which deteriorated following atreatment of the Badawi family.
The Saudi regime was enraged by the tweet and responded, in part, by expelling Canada's ambassador to the kingdom, selling off Canadian assets and freezing new investment.
"No progress has yet been achieved in normalizing the bilateral Canada-KSA relationship," says the document. "The punitive diplomatic and trade measures that KSA instituted against Canada in August 2018 remain in place.
"Engagement by departmental officials with 20 companies that have a history of exporting to KSA suggests that approximately $2 billion in trade has been affected since August 2018."
Officials at the department also pointed to the negative impact Canada's ongoing review and freeze on export permits has had on Canadian companies.
"The open-ended nature of Canada's moratorium on new export permits, and the lack of identified conditions that would allow a resumption [of] permit issuance, present a high commercial risk for Canadian companies."
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