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Canada The new Liberal minority government will face its first do-or-die vote by Dec. 10

08:30  29 november  2019
08:30  29 november  2019 Source:   cbc.ca

Choice of house leader could be most important move Trudeau makes on Wednesday

  Choice of house leader could be most important move Trudeau makes on Wednesday They won’t be Canada’s voice to the world. They won’t be managing the government’s books. They may not even be minister of anything, but when Prime Minister Justin Trudeau unveils his cabinet on Wednesday his choice of house leader could be the most important one he makes. Every recognized party in Parliament has a house leader, who act as parliamentary traffic cops deciding what moves forward when. In a majority, a government’s house leader can simply tell the opposition what to expect, but in a minority the position becomes key to ensuring the government can function and survive.

In Canada's parliamentary system of responsible government , minority governments occur when no party has a majority of seats in the legislature. Typically, but not necessarily, the party with a plurality of seats forms the government .

During the history of Canadian politics, twelve minority governments have been elected at the federal level. There have also been two minority governments resulting from governments being replaced

Justin Trudeau wearing a suit and tie: Prime Minister Justin Trudeau at Rideau Hall on Nov. 20, 2019. © Provided by Canadian Broadcasting Corporation Prime Minister Justin Trudeau at Rideau Hall on Nov. 20, 2019.

After Parliament returns next week, everyone will be watching to see whether Prime Minister Justin Trudeau's minority government survives a vote on the throne speech.

But that's not the only upcoming vote that could topple the Liberal government. It's not even the first one on the agenda.

Senior House of Commons officials told reporters Thursday that the first do-or-die vote after Parliament returns will be on a motion to allow the government to continue operating.

In last month's general election, the Liberals landed 13 seats shy of a majority in the House of Commons. That drop in seats means the Liberals will need the support of other parties on "confidence" votes, such as the speech from the throne and money bills, which include budgets.

Trudeau to take sober approach to unveiling new cabinet for minority mandate

  Trudeau to take sober approach to unveiling new cabinet for minority mandate OTTAWA — It will be all business this afternoon when Justin Trudeau unveils a cabinet to navigate a new era of minority government in a bitterly divided country. Forget the theatricality and sunny optimism of 2015. Adoring crowds thronged the grounds of Rideau Hall, cheering as the new Liberal prime minister and his gender-equal team of fresh-faced ministers paraded triumphantly up the curving drive to the governor general's residence, serenadedForget the theatricality and sunny optimism of 2015.

Its reliance on minority voters would be exacerbated by Scottish independence, the report says. The issue is just as acute for the Tories. The party captured just 16% of the visible minority vote in " First , they could employ a race-conscious electoral strategy that would acknowledge that they won't

“The Conservatives have done well in extending their appeal to minority voters – even though these may have been votes for David Cameron rather If there were echoes of Enoch or Norman Tebbit in this election, about Britain being swamped, these weren’t coming from the Conservatives but from

In the parliamentary system, the government has to hold and maintain the confidence of the House of Commons. Parliamentary convention says that if a government loses a vote of confidence, the prime minister is expected to visit the governor general and either request a new election or resign.

There's no legal definition of a confidence vote but, traditionally, they're considered to be votes to approve spending or implement the budget. The government can, if it chooses, hold a vote on the throne speech, which is considered a confidence vote.

The House of Commons can pass a motion that explicitly declares its lack of confidence in the government. The government can also declare a vote to be a matter of confidence.

The speech from the throne is usually the first vote of confidence (if the government chooses to hold a vote). But because this Parliament is resuming on Dec. 5, the first vote of confidence on its agenda will be one to allow government spending to continue.

Trudeau to take sober approach to unveiling new cabinet for minority mandate

  Trudeau to take sober approach to unveiling new cabinet for minority mandate OTTAWA — It will be all business this afternoon when Justin Trudeau unveils a cabinet to navigate a new era of minority government in a bitterly divided country. Forget the theatricality and sunny optimism of 2015. Adoring crowds thronged the grounds of Rideau Hall, cheering as the new Liberal prime minister and his gender-equal team of fresh-faced ministers paraded triumphantly up the curving drive to the governor general's residence, serenadedForget the theatricality and sunny optimism of 2015.

The New Democrats managed to win enough seats to potentially have an important role in the House of Commons, but the party took a big hit in Quebec — where the bulk of the seats They increased their share of the vote by nearly three percentage points, while the Liberals dropped almost seven points.

The Conservative– Liberal Democrat coalition agreement (officially known as The Coalition: Our Programme for Government ) was a policy document drawn up following the 2010 general election in the United Kingdom.

That vote is known as the "business of supply" in Commons-speak. Basically, MPs vote to supply the government with money to operate — to pay public servants, for example, or to cover the cost of federal-provincial transfer payments.

Parliament is scheduled to vote on the business of supply on or before Dec. 10.

The Speaker, MPs and the mace share a bus ride

This year's throne speech will be the first to be delivered in the new but temporary Senate building. Traditionally, the House of Commons and the Senate sit in the same building: centre block. But both chambers have been relocated temporarily to make room for renovations that could take more than a decade to complete.

Instead of walking over to the red chamber for the throne speech, MPs and the newly elected Speaker will take a bus over to the Senate building on Rideau St. across from Ottawa's famed Chateau Laurier hotel.

Because it's not logistically possible to bus all 338 MPs to the Senate, a select few from the government and the opposition sides will take the bus. The ceremonial mace — the gilded sceptre that represents the authority of the Speaker — will also ride along.

The first session of Canada's 43rd Parliament opens at 8.55 a.m. Tuesday. The first order of business will be electing a Speaker. After that, Governor General Julie Payette will read the throne speech.

Four things worth noticing in the throne speech, as the Liberals prepare for life in minority government .
Minority governments can be unpredictable, but the government’s throne speech delivered on Thursday provides a blueprint for how the Liberals hope to navigate their brave new world without a majority in the House of Commons. Here’s four things from the speech that give us a clue about the direction the Liberals are taking in the minority Parliament.  It would be a surprise if the government that introduced the new cabinet portfolio of “minister of middle-class prosperity” didn’t include some kind words for its favourite income bracket in the throne speech. Politics and governance often overlap, but that’s especially true in a minority situation.

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