Canada Arctic U: Yukon passes bill to create first university in Canada's North
Study finds microplastics in all remote Arctic beluga whales tested
VANCOUVER — A pioneering study of seven belugas in Canada's remote Arctic waters has found microplastics in the innards of every single whale. Researchers from Ocean Wise worked with hunters from the Inuvialuit community of Tuktoyaktuk, N.W.T., to collect samples from whales they harvested between 2017 and 2018. They found an average of nearly 10 microplastics, or particles less than five millimetres in size, in the gastrointestinal tracts of each beluga. The study was published last week in the Marine Pollution Bulletin and conducted in partnership with Fisheries and Oceans Canada and Simon Fraser University.
WHITEHORSE — Canada will finally have its first Arctic university.
This past week, the Yukon legislature passed a bill to make Yukon College a university. It will be an institution with an Indigenous flavour that will make it as unique as the region it is to serve.
"Everybody knows we're moving toward something big and something special," said Tom Ullyett, chairman of the board of governors.
The idea of a northern university has been kicked around since at least 2007 when a survey in all three territories found residents wanted more influence over Arctic research. Northern First Nations have been asking for one for 50 years.
David J. Bercuson: Russia set to dominate the Arctic unless Canada acts quickly to address shipping concerns
The Arctic Ocean is warming and with it maritime traffic on the Northwest and Northeast passages is increasing. The only Arctic nation that has the capacity to monitor and support such shipping is Russia. Neither Canada nor the United States have much to offer in the event of a maritime disaster in North American Arctic waters. The Arctic Ocean is unique among the world’s oceans. It is not a broad expanse of open sea as the Atlantic or Pacific oceans but is rather a very large salt water lake with limited access or egress.
Nunavut and the Northwest Territories have colleges that teach courses toward degrees from southern institutions and have announced plans to broaden their post-secondary offerings.
Yukon College has done the same in science, education and social work and also offers courses towards bachelor's degrees in Indigenous governance and business administration.
Once the college is transformed, it will become the first institution in the territories to grant a degree under its own name. Diplomas the first graduates of the governance program get next spring will read "Yukon University."
The institution, which will also offer trades programs, will allow northerners to further their education closer to home. Accessibility is key for the institution, said Ullyett, and its tuition is to remain in the bottom third of comparable southern institutions.
1,000 kilometres, in blizzard conditions, for 1 caribou
Brett Boughen and a friend drove 1,000 km to the Arctic Circle, in blizzard conditions, for just one caribou. They can't wait to do it again.Brett Boughen drove 1,000 km to the Arctic Circle, in blizzard conditions, and says it was worth every second.
The focus is to remain on the North.
Research is to centre on issues around environmental conservation and sustainable resource development. It will be conducted in a new, $26-million science building funded by Ottawa and currently being designed.
Indigenous content will be baked in.
"It's about teaching with northern examples," said Tosh Southwick, in charge of Indigenous engagement. "Every program will have a northern component."
Science programs will have traditional knowledge embedded in them and talk about ravens and moose instead of, say, flamingos and giraffes. Anthropology classes will teach creation stories alongside archeological evidence.
"We have a mandatory graduation requirement that all students must have a foundational understanding of Yukon First Nations," Southwick said.
"If you're going to live and work in the North, you're living and working in the traditional territories of an Indigenous group. It makes sense that you understand that context."
Matt Gurney: Canada's defence free ride is ending, and our sovereignty could be at stake
As my colleague David Bercuson wrote here on Friday, Canada is rapidly falling behind Russia in its ability to effectively enforce claims to sovereignty over the Arctic. If anything, Bercuson was probably too polite. To call our military capability in a vast swath of our own territory token dangerously overstates our means. Canada was able to get away with neglecting not just the Arctic but our national defence in general for many, many years. I’m afraid for so many years that it will be an impossible habit to break. But I am not the only one who has noticed. The United States is becoming increasingly frustrated with us. This matters.
The institution will report to Yukon's 14 First Nations as well as to the territorial legislature. More than one-quarter of its current students are Indigenous.
Ullyett said Yukon University won't offer the full slate of programs offered in southern institutions.
"Our vision is to be that first northern university that focuses on Indigenous governance, that focuses on sustainable natural resources, that focuses on northern climate, and everything that flows from that."
Graduate studies are down the road, he said.
Yukon College is currently funded by an annual $26-million grant from the territory, as well as a roughly equal amount from tuition, dedicated government funds and third-party grants.
Ullyett acknowledges a university will cost more. How much more is under negotiation.
"We're planning to move ahead in the next couple years with a funding envelope similar to what we have now."
Meanwhile, the future Yukon University will honour the mandate set out in the legislation just passed, Ullyett said.
"It requires us to honour and support reconciliation with First Nations. I don't know of any university that has that, but we have it.
This report by The Canadian Press was first published Dec. 1, 2019.
— By Bob Weber in Edmonton. Follow @row1960 on Twitter
The Canadian Press
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