Canada Ten years after the Smolensk crash, two versions compete in Poland

02:25  10 april  2020
02:25  10 april  2020 Source:   rfi.fr

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In Poland , conspiracy theories began circulating immediately after the crash , claiming that it was an elaborate Russian plot or a coup attempt allegedly New investigation into crash that killed Polish president aimed at ex-PM Tusk – former minister. Two years after the Smolensk crash , Kaczynski

The Smolensk air disaster occurred on 10 April 2010, when a Tupolev Tu-154 aircraft of the Polish Air Force crashed near the Russian city of Smolensk , killing all 96 people on board.

Les experts examinent l'épave du Tupolev Tu-154 crashé à Smolensk, le 13 avril 2010. © Photo: Sergei Karpukhin / Reuters Experts examine the wreckage of the Tupolev Tu-154 crashed in Smolensk, April 13, 2010.

April 10, 2010 , a presidential plane crashes in Smolensk, in western Russia. On board, the Polish head of state, Lech Kaczynski, his wife, but also ministers, leaders of the army, deputies, senators and members of the clergy. All 96 passengers and crew members died in the disaster. This national drama has since deeply divided Poland. A division fed in particular by two commissions of inquiry. One found an accident, the other accredits the thesis of an attack.

From our correspondent in Poland,

On April 8, 2020, the former Polish Minister of Defense, Antoni Macierewicz, assured that the Smolensk air disaster was an attack. "Two explosions took place in the cockpit" above the Russian airport on April 10, 2010, killing the Polish president and all passengers on the plane, he said in a television interview. Trwam .

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After the crash , many widows and relatives joined Law and Justice, with some building political careers and Smolensk is significant in Polish history because it is close to the place where Stalin’s secret police As 13 year -olds, they played the leads, Jacek and Placek, in The Two Who Stole the Moon

Last year a Polish delegation of the crash victims' relatives and officials took part in the commemoration service at the site of the tragedy, near Smolensk . Polish right-wing parties made an attempt to use the Smolensk crash to score points in their presidential and parliamentary campaigns.

These are the conclusions of the commission of inquiry that Macierewicz has chaired since 2016. The man was commissioned by Jaroslaw Kaczynski, current leader of the ruling party, Law and Justice, and twin brother of the president who died in the disaster, to make light on what happened, this April 10, 2010.

A full report “ in the coming days

Bringing together international experts, they analyzed how the plane broke down above Smolensk Airport. They also had exhumed, with or without the families' consent, the remains of the 96 victims. Objective: determine if the passengers died during the impact or a few seconds before, by the explosion of a possible bomb?

Antoni Macierewicz and his experts favor the second hypothesis. They suggest that explosives may have been placed by Russian authorities in 2009, a year before the disaster, while the Russian-made Presidential Tupolev was undergoing repairs in Russia.

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The plane crash in Russia that killed Polish President Lech Kaczynski and 95 others back in 2010 may once again stir controversy as two families in Poland The errors sparked concerns that the victims’ remains may have been passed on to Poland incorrectly.­ The Smolensk plane crash took place on

Eight years ago, a plane carrying Poland 's presidential delegation crashed in Smolensk , Russia. The president's twin brother Jaroslaw Kaczynski As is the case every year , April 10 , 2018 was a day of patriotic demonstrations and memorial services in Poland , commemorating a tragic plane crash eight

The former defense minister ensures that their report will be published "in the coming days", even though Jaroslaw Kaczynski urged him, live on radio RMF FM , not to "disturb Polish society (In the middle of a coronavirus epidemic) if the facts put forward are not sufficiently verified. Evidence is needed.

The plane would have hit a tree

This version of the facts is in total contradiction with the only official one. In July 2011, a parliamentary commission chaired by the liberal party Civic Platform, then in power, concluded in an accident.

According to these conclusions, a thick fog complicated the task of the pilots. The latter breached security procedures and began the descent to land at Smolensk Airport. The aircraft was flying too low, with no visibility on the ground. The left wing of the aircraft was torn apart by hitting a birch. The aircraft ended up on its back and crashed, leaving no survivors.

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Poland ’s defense minister claims a video of Donald Tusk talking with Russian officials at the site of Lech "This video is of course not new, it has been on YouTube for two or three years . In my opinion this is READ MORE: New investigation into crash that killed Polish president aimed at ex-PM Tusk

April 10 , Poland has marked the eighth anniversary of the Smolensk tragedy, the largest in terms of the number of victims of the plane crash , in which Polish political and military elite, including the presidential couple Lech and Maria Kaczynski, died. Today Poland calls explosion the official cause

Human errors and poor weather conditions therefore led to the crash, as well as failures in the lighting of the airport and bad information given by Russian air traffic controllers.

A majority of the population believes in these conclusions according to the most recent polls, conducted in 2018 during the 8th anniversary of the disaster. But between 20 and 25% of Poles surveyed think the truth is elsewhere. They accredit the thesis of the attack put forward by the Macierewicz commission.

Among them, Jaroslaw Kaczynski. The twin brother of the late president, and PiS head of law and justice, in power, is convinced that Russia played a more important role in this catastrophe, and that ex-prime minister Donald Tusk and his party, the Civic Platform, in power during the accident and until October 2015, were negligent.

Did a bomb explode in the cockpit?

"Too much confidence was placed in the Russian side during the investigation," said journalist Michal Szuldrzynski in the moderate daily Rzeczpospolita . The autopsies of the victims were carried out in Russia, not when the bodies were returned to Poland.

Above all, Moscow still refuses to return the plane wreckage and the black boxes to Warsaw. The Council of Europe also asked Russia to return them in October 2018, because its reluctance "feeds into Poland the idea that Russia has something to hide. "Unsuccessful yet.

So many elements that fuel the version of events defended by Jaroslaw Kaczynski and Antoni Macierewicz. The elements put forward by the former defense minister on April 8 will certainly further divide Poland. Between the proponents of the thesis of the accident and those who believe in an attack.

Polish minister accuses Germany of breach of contract before .
Warsaw. The Polish government blames the German negotiating partners for the failure of the state airline LOT to take over the Condor holiday plane. © Frederico Gambarini / dpa The dispute over the failed Condor takeover continues. Treasury Secretary Jacek Sasin told private broadcaster RMF on Thursday that Poland would not pay compensation for the withdrawal from the contract, as Condor had requested.

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