Canada No, a decree does not allow your animal to be sold to a laboratory

17:40  02 july  2020
17:40  02 july  2020 Source:   ouest-france.fr

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Un décret adopté le 17 mars modifiant les conditions de dérogation pour utiliser des animaux à des fins expérimentales a fait polémique. Mais le sens de cette mesure a été mal compris, notamment par la fondation 30 Millions d’amis qui a reconnu avoir mal interprété le texte (photo d’illustration). © ARCHIVES OUEST-FRANCE A decree adopted on March 17 modifying the conditions of exemption for using animals for experimental purposes has caused controversy. But the meaning of this measure was misunderstood, in particular by the 30 Million Friends Foundation which admitted that it had misinterpreted the text (photo of illustration).

The adoption of a decree last March on the sale of pets to laboratories had scandalized the association 30 million friends. But this is not what this measure indicates, subject to multiple interpretations on social networks in recent days.

Social media publications and press reports have claimed that a decree, issued during confinement, allows individuals to sell their animals to laboratories.

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This is not what this decree says, although certain provisions worry associations and legal professionals.

Animals which must have been bred for experimental purposes

“A decree was passed on March 17 in all discretion. It allows individuals to sell their animals for scientific experimentation ", say publications on Facebook, based in particular on a press release from the 30 Million Friends foundation.

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"Until now, animals used in experimental procedures had to" have been bred for this purpose and come from approved breeders or suppliers ". Derogations are only possible "when the production of approved breeders is insufficient or does not suit the specific needs of the project", a condition now deleted ", denounces, among other things, the press release.

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However, the law still provides that "animals used or intended to be used in experimental procedures" must "have been bred for this purpose and come from approved breeders or suppliers" .

“It remains illegal to obtain supplies from a private individual”

The decree published on March 17 modifies the conditions of derogations well: they could be granted by the ministry “on the basis of scientific elements when the production of approved breeders is insufficient or not suited to the specific needs of the project ”, the scientific argument is now the only one to be accepted.

However, the decree in no case grants a blank check to individuals to sell their animals .

"There was undoubtedly a runaway" , believes Loïc Dombreval, LREM MP and former veterinarian. "It remains absolutely illegal and impossible to obtain supplies from a private individual" , assures the elected official who had arrested in writing the Minister of Research Frédérique Vidal about the decree.

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Differences in interpretations

Why, therefore, have two conditions of exemption been deleted? The ministry explains that it is to comply with an "request from the European Commission" which deemed that this formulation was "likely to facilitate the allocation of exemptions" .

"I'm not saying that you can just go with your dog on a leash in a laboratory" , recognizes Reha Hutin, president of the 30 Million Friends Foundation, who published a second press release taking "act" responses from the ministry. However "the wording of the decree is vague and can lend itself to different interpretations" , she underlines, calling for an "national debate" on animal testing .

This is ultimately the heart of the problem: do we consider that the decree facilitates or complicates the issuing of derogations to non-approved breeding organizations?

A decree that should not “change anything”

According to Marie-Bénédicte Desvallon, lawyer and head of the Open Animal Rights Commission, created under the aegis of the Paris Bar, this decree should ultimately “not change anything” in this concerning these derogations.

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"The only scientific argument was enough anyway to derogate from the rules and the argument of" production which is not suitable for experimentation (deleted by decree, editor's note), already fits in fact with that of "the scientific argument "" , believes Me Desvallon.

However, the lawyer points to another part of the decree, which defines an experimental procedure such as the use of an animal "even when the results are known" . A point which she believes could be incompatible with the principle, introduced into the law, of reducing the number of animals used for experiments.

According to the ministry's figures, in 2018 there were 1,910,519 uses of animals in the context of scientific experiments in French laboratories, an "slight decrease" compared to 2017 (1,914,174 uses of animals) , of which 62% are mice, and 84.5% from an approved farm born in the EU.

In 2019, a parliamentary report estimated that "in France, we use approximately 2.2 million animals per year for scientific purposes" .

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