Canada Fire destroys lobster facility in southwest Nova Scotia amid escalating fishery tensions
Federal government rejects lobster quota for commercial inshore fleet
The Trudeau government says it will not impose a quota on the Atlantic Canadian commercial inshore lobster fishery, rejecting a proposal floated by several Mi'kmaw leaders. Fisheries and Oceans Minister Bernadette Jordan issued a statement Friday after meeting with commercial fishermen the day before. "As confirmed in that meeting, there is no plan to move to a quota system for the commercial lobster fishery and it is not being considered,"Fisheries and Oceans Minister Bernadette Jordan issued a statement Friday after meeting with commercial fishermen the day before.
A fire that police are calling suspicious destroyed a lobster pound in Middle West Pubnico, N.S., early Saturday.
The blaze broke out at one of two facilitiesin southwest Nova Scotia earlier this week protesting the "moderate livelihood" fishery launched by Sipekne'katik First Nation last month. Mi'kmaw fishers were storing their catches at the facilities.
In a news release Saturday morning, the RCMP said they responded to the blaze at about midnight Saturday. Police say the fire is suspicious, and a man is in hospital with life-threatening injuries believed to be related to the fire.
Blair approves request to boost RCMP presence as Nova Scotia lobster fishery dispute escalates
Public Safety Minister Bill Blair has greenlighted a request for additional RCMP support in Nova Scotia amid criticism that Ottawa has not done enough to protect community members embroiled in a bitter conflict over a First Nations lobster harvest in that province. "Policing in Nova Scotia is within provincial jurisdiction," Blair said in a statement released Saturday. "I have now approved a request from Nova Scotia's attorney general to enhancePublic Safety Minister Bill Blair has greenlighted a request for additional RCMP support in Nova Scotia amid criticism that Ottawa has not done enough to protect community members embroiled in a bitter conflict over a First Nations lobster harvest in that province.
Nova Scotia RCMP spokesperson Sgt. Andrew Joyce later told CBC News that the injured person is an "adult male who is considered a person of interest" and police are investigating.
'Very bad news'
Sipekne'katik Chief Mike Sack said on Saturday morning that the fire was "very bad news to wake up to." He reiterated"to step in and make sure safety is ensured."
Tensions have been simmering for weeks in the province's southwest, sparked by theby the Sipekne'katik band outside the federally mandated commercial season — 21 years after the Supreme Court of Canada ruled in the case of Donald Marshall Jr.
WATCH | Fire engulfs lobster pound:
The landmark decision affirmed the Mi'kmaw right to earn a "moderate livelihood" from fishing. The court later said the federal government could regulate the Mi'kmaw fishery but must justify any restrictions it placed on it.
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Many commercial lobster fishermen say they consider the new Sipekne'katik fishery in St. Marys Bay illegal and worry that catching lobster outside the mandated season, particularly during the summer spawning period, will negatively impact stocks.
Sipekne'katik officials have said the amount of lobster that will be harvested and sold is tiny compared with what's caught during the commercial season, which begins in late November and runs until the end of May.
They say the fishery was launched after the band was unable to find common ground with the Department of Fisheries and Oceans on the definition of "moderate livelihood."
Calls for Ottawa to take action
When it comes to laying blame for the escalating conflict, many — including the Sipekne'katik First Nation, commercial fishers, Nova Scotia Premier Stephen McNeil and opposition parties — have pointed fingers at the Department of Fisheries and Oceans for failing to properly define a "moderate livelihood."
Mobs are attacking Indigenous fisheries in Nova Scotia. Here’s what’s going on
Tensions between Indigenous and non-Indigenous fishermen have come to a head over fishing rights in Nova Scotia — a dispute that has a history spanning hundreds of years. In 1999, Canada's Supreme Court ruled in the landmark case R. v. Marshall that several treaties signed in the 1760s granting the Mi'kmaq the right to harvest and sell fish were still valid. The over 250-year-old agreement, known as the Peace and Friendship Treaties, specified that the Nova Scotia Mi'kmaq had the right to earn a "moderate livelihood." The Sipekne'katik First Nation would go on to open its own fishery in St. Mary's Bay, N.S.
The premier tweeted Saturday afternoon that he is "deeply concerned about the acts of intimidation and violence" in southwestern Nova Scotia.
McNeil also said the province is working with the federal government to identify a facilitator to resolve the issue.
N.S. Opposition leader Tim Houston pointed to Ottawa in a statement issued Saturday.
"[Fisheries] Minister [Bernadette] Jordan has a job to do: work with all parties toward resolution and clearly define 'moderate livelihood,'" the Progressive Conservative leader said.
WATCH | Federal fisheries minister responds to raids on N.S. lobster pounds:
"The minister must provide regular communications with Nova Scotians to provide some assurance that her government understands the urgency and magnitude of the crisis."
Prime Minister Justin Trudeau on Saturday tweeted he was "appalled" by the violence and that the "perpetrators will be held accountable."
He added: "We have been working with the Mi'kmaq to implement their Treaty rights — and we will continue to do so."
Federal NDP Leader Jagmeet Singh tweeted on Saturday: "This is terrorism. The Mi'kmaq people desperately need help now. No more empty words, [Justin Trudeau.] This must be stopped."
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Jordan said Thursday she is in negotiations with the Sipekne'katik First Nation and is talking to commercial fishermen.
Sydney-Victoria MP Jaime Battiste, the only Mi'kmaw MP in Canada, told CBC in an interview from Eskasoni, N.S., that he was "disheartened" by Saturday's news.
Battiste said he spoke with federal Public Safety Minister Bill Blair, who told him they would send about 10 per cent of the provincial RCMP officers to the area "to help in this dispute, to calm things down and try to settle it."
WATCH | Mi'kmaw fishing about knowledge and culture, says Nova Scotia MP:
In a statement on Saturday,and confirmed that he has approved a request from Nova Scotia's attorney general to increase RCMP resources "as needed in that jurisdiction in order to keep the peace."
The RCMP's Joyce told CBC News Network that there is an increased police presence in southwestern Nova Scotia on Saturday, including an emergency response team, a critical incident command team and officers from Prince Edward Island who are trained in de-escalation and crowd control.
WATCH | Violence over lobster fisheries a disgrace: Indigenous services minister
In an interview with CBC News, Ruth Inniss of the Maritime Fishermen's Union echoed calls for the federal government to define a "moderate livelihood" fishery.
As Ottawa commits to protect treaty rights, Sipekne’katik chief says ‘actions speak louder than words’
More is necessary to ensure treaty rights are being protected, said Chief Michael Sack."Actions speak louder than words," said Chief Michael Sack of the Sipekne’katik First Nation on Monday.
"We know that the First Nations communities are asking the federal government for clarification [and] that our communities are asking the federal government for clarification," Inniss said Saturday.
"The federal government is not providing clarification. If we need to go to the table with First Nations and go to the federal government and say, 'We need this, we need this, we need this' — most of all, we need peace in our communities. And that's what the Maritime Fishermen's Union wants right now, is peace in the community."
'It's horrible all the way around'
Early Saturday, Sack said he was "blown away by the way things are evolving here." He said Mi'kmaw fishermen are being refused service for fuel, traps, gear and bait.
"I think it's horrible all the way around," he said. "Everyone that we worked with are all turning their backs on us just because of fear for their life and their business. It's 2020, we all bleed red, so I think we all need love, not hate."
At a news conference Saturday afternoon, Sack told reporters he wasn't sure if there was lobster being stored at the facility at the time of the fire.
WATCH | Chief Mike Sack 'at a loss' after fire destroys N.S. lobster facility:
He also said he is continuing talks with the federal government about implementing the First Nation's fishery management plan. Sack said he believes that once a plan is approved, it will bring an end to the dispute.
"Once that's resolved with our issue, the commercial fishermen can fully understand where we're coming from and understand what we're doing, and that should dissolve any problems they might have with us," he said.
Five things to know about the dispute over Nova Scotia's Indigenous lobster fishery
HALIFAX — Tensions remain high in the dispute over the Indigenous lobster fishery in Nova Scotia. Here are five things to know about the situation. 1. The dispute has a long history. In September 1999, the Supreme Court of Canada affirmed the treaty rights of the Mi'kmaq, Maliseet and Passamaquoddy bands in Eastern Canada to hunt, fish and gather to earn a "moderate livelihood." The court decided that a Mi'kmaq fisherman from Cape Breton, Donald Marshall Jr., had the right to fish for eels and sell them when and where he wanted — without a licence.
"As far as what [problems] they have with the government, I can't speak for either of those sides."
Sack said that "there's a lot of remorse in the community" over the person who was injured in the fire.
"Nobody wants anybody hurt. We're not here to fight," he said. "I'm sure the level of fear has risen within our people [and] everyone involved.... We're just hoping that there's better days to come and the violence is done with for everyone."
The Nova Scotia RCMP announced in a release on Saturday afternoon that they haveafter a video of a man grabbing and shoving Chief Sack outside a lobster pound in New Edinburgh circulated online.
'It shouldn't have happened'
Pierrette d'Entremont, who lives in the area, said she was lying in bed that night when she began hearing crackling noises "like Rice Krispies."
"When I sat up in bed, I could see a glow already and I looked outside and I knew right away what it was," she said.
She and her husband walked down the road, where they could see fire crews on scene and the building "fully engulfed in flames." She said she "wasn't surprised at all" by the fire.
"It shouldn't have happened," d'Entremont said. "It was so obvious that there was so much tension that something could happen. How could there have not been a million cameras pointing at it all week? An RCMP vehicle, someone — I don't know."
D'Entremont, who is Acadian, is concerned about the escalating violence in the area. She described the recent actions of the commercial fishermen involved as "very far over the line."
"I believe that the treaty rights have to be upheld. I believe that there has to be a solution," she said. "I just don't understand the violence at all. It's just too far."
N.S. First Nation struggles to find market for 'moderate livelihood fishery' lobster .
HALIFAX — Cheryl Maloney, a Mi'kmaq treaty advocate and member of Sipekne'katik First Nation, stood on a wharf in the rural fishing village in Saulnierville, N.S. Under a pitch-black sky, Maloney hauled a large lobster crate off a fishing boat and into the trunk of her car to sell in front of the Nova Scotia legislature. "We're exercising our legal right to hunt and fish and earn a livelihood," she said in an interview. "But the province stillUnder a pitch-black sky, Maloney hauled a large lobster crate off a fishing boat and into the trunk of her car to sell in front of the Nova Scotia legislature.