•   
  •   
  •   

Canada Five things to know about the dispute over Nova Scotia's Indigenous lobster fishery

01:35  21 october  2020
01:35  21 october  2020 Source:   msn.com

‘Terrorizing our people’: N.S. Mi’kmaw fishers have property vandalized, lobsters destroyed

  ‘Terrorizing our people’: N.S. Mi’kmaw fishers have property vandalized, lobsters destroyed On Tuesday night a facility was 'swarmed and vandalized' by commercial fishermen, said Chief Michael Sack of the Sipeknet'katik First Nation.The incidents, the latest in continuing tensions between Indigenous and non-Indigenous fishers in Nova Scotia, allegedly occurred at two locations, one in Central West Pubnico, N.S., and the other in New Edinburgh, N.S.

Commercial fishermen in Nova Scotia have been protesting a fishery launched by Sipekne'katik First Nation last month. The conflict has become increasingly violent over the past week. Two lobster facilities in southwest Nova Scotia were targeted and vandalized by commercial fishermen last week.

This week: Our panellists discuss mounting tension in Nova Scotia as violence escalates over a fishery dispute between commercial and This week, we talk to our panellists about the federal government' s approval of a request for additional RCMP support in Nova Scotia as a fishery dispute

HALIFAX — Tensions remain high in the dispute over the Indigenous lobster fishery in Nova Scotia. Here are five things to know about the situation.

a small boat in a body of water © Provided by The Canadian Press

1. The dispute has a long history.

In September 1999, the Supreme Court of Canada affirmed the treaty rights of the Mi'kmaq, Maliseet and Passamaquoddy bands in Eastern Canada to hunt, fish and gather to earn a "moderate livelihood."

The court decided that a Mi'kmaq fisherman from Cape Breton, Donald Marshall Jr., had the right to fish for eels and sell them when and where he wanted — without a licence.

That ruling was based on the interpretation of the Peace and Friendship Treaties approved by the British Crown in 1760 and 1761, which describe long-standing promises, obligations and benefits for the Crown.

Blair approves request to boost RCMP presence as Nova Scotia lobster fishery dispute escalates

  Blair approves request to boost RCMP presence as Nova Scotia lobster fishery dispute escalates Yo ho, yo ho, it's a pirates life for Margot Robbie! The "Harley Quinn" actress teams up with "Birds of Prey" writer for a new project. Get the details!

As tensions escalate over an Indigenous lobster fishery in Nova Scotia , the Mi'kmaw leadership warns there will be more confrontations with commercial fishermen, unless the federal government gets more involved.

A Nova Scotia fisherman whose boat was stolen and burned Monday says he believes it was targeted because he is Aboriginal, as tensions continue over the There have been tensions in the area recently over the Indigenous ceremonial and food fisheries , and last month two non-Aboriginal men

The Supreme Court also said Marshall's treaty rights were protected by the Constitution. However, the court said those rights are limited to securing "necessaries" and do not extend to the "open-ended accumulation of wealth."

2. The Supreme Court of Canada clarified its ruling and muddied the waters.

Two months after the Marshall decision, the Supreme Court provided a clarification that remains at the heart of the current dispute in Nova Scotia.

The court stated that the constitutionally protected treaty rights cited in the first decision were not unlimited, and the Indigenous fisheries could be regulated.

The court, however, also said those regulations had to be justified for conservation or other important public objectives.

Mobs are attacking Indigenous fisheries in Nova Scotia. Here’s what’s going on

  Mobs are attacking Indigenous fisheries in Nova Scotia. Here’s what’s going on Tensions between Indigenous and non-Indigenous fishermen have come to a head over fishing rights in Nova Scotia — a dispute that has a history spanning hundreds of years. In 1999, Canada's Supreme Court ruled in the landmark case R. v. Marshall that several treaties signed in the 1760s granting the Mi'kmaq the right to harvest and sell fish were still valid. The over 250-year-old agreement, known as the Peace and Friendship Treaties, specified that the Nova Scotia Mi'kmaq had the right to earn a "moderate livelihood." The Sipekne'katik First Nation would go on to open its own fishery in St. Mary's Bay, N.S.

“I have now approved a request from Nova Scotia ’ s Attorney General to enhance the presence of The development capped a week of rising tensions over Indigenous fishing treaty rights. The temperature of this dispute must be lowered, now. The threats, violence, and intimidation have to

Indigenous fishers in Canada are asserting their right to fish for a ‘moderate livelihood’ outside the regulated season. An Indigenous community leader in eastern Canada is renewing his call for concrete action from the federal government after a lobster pound in the province of Nova Scotia

That key caveat is often cited by non-Indigenous commercial fishermen who say they would have no problem with a separate, Indigenous commercial lobster fishery, so long as it complied with federally regulated seasons.

When the Sipekne’katik First Nation launched its self-regulated lobster fishery on St. Marys Bay on Sept. 17, the federally regulated fishing season in that area had been closed since May 31, and it doesn't reopen until Nov. 30.


Video: Calls for Ottawa to act in N.S. Mi’kmaw lobster fishery dispute (cbc.ca)

3. The federal government has reached fishing agreements with other First Nations in the region.

After the Marshall decision spelled out the extent of treaty rights in 1999, some First Nations started fishing for lobster right away, prompting a backlash from non-Indigenous protesters.

The Mi'kmaq communities at Burnt Church in New Brunswick and Indian Brook in Nova Scotia — now known as Sipekne’katik — defied federal authorities and set traps outside the regulated season.

11 of the best South Korean movies and TV shows to stream on Netflix right now

  11 of the best South Korean movies and TV shows to stream on Netflix right now From zombie films to romantic comedies, here's a list of K-dramas and movies that should definitely be on your watch list.

Social Sharing. Indigenous . What is 'a moderate livelihood?' Caplin said he started taking a closer look at the moderate livelihood issue after having his lobster gear Cheryl Maloney, a lawyer and mother of five children from Sipekne'katik First Nation in Nova Scotia , said she' s worried about the

Nova Scotia mounties said in a statement that its officers tried to de-escalate the situation with the two Mi’kmaq fishermen who were surrounded, but ‘unfortunately events escalated with further damages incurred’. Two decades after the Burnt Church crisis, disputes flare up over Indigenous fishing

That led to the seizure of traps, arrests, charges, collisions on the water, shots fired at night, boat sinkings, injuries and threats of retribution.

At the time, the federal Department of Fisheries and Oceans assumed an aggressive posture on the water, where DFO boats were spotted ramming Mi'kmaq boats from Burnt Church.

Despite an ugly start, the federal government eventually started helping First Nations build their communal commercial fishing fleets. Between 2007 and 2015, the value of communal commercial landings rose from $66 million to $145 million for the Mi'kmaq and Maliseet First Nations.

And in 2019, Fisheries and Oceans Canada signed two 10-year Rights Reconciliation Agreements with the Elsipogtog (Big Cove) and Esgenoopetitj (Burnt Church) First Nations in New Brunswick, and the Maliseet of Viger First Nation in Quebec.

4. Most Mi'kmaq in Nova Scotia say they aren't interested in selling out their treaty rights.

Bruce Wildsmith, legal counsel for the Mi'kmaq Rights Initiative, has said the 2019 agreements don't meet First Nations' requirements for a licensed moderate livelihood fishery, which he sees as separate and distinct from a regular commercial fishery.

House of Commons to hold emergency debate on attacks at Mi’kmaq lobster fisheries

  House of Commons to hold emergency debate on attacks at Mi’kmaq lobster fisheries Four cabinet ministers and the NDP have requested an emergency debate in the House of Commons over a treaty dispute between commercial fishermen and Mi'kmaq fishers.Speaker Anthony Rota approved the request for an emergency debate Monday afternoon from Fisheries Minister Bernadette Jordan and NDP MP Gord Johns. The move comes after a weekend of violence that saw one Mi'kmaq lobster fishing compound burnt to the ground.

Trudeau defends federal response as threats escalate over Mi'kmaw fishery in Nova Scotia . Indigenous leader demands protection after lobster pound blaze.

D) blames herself when things go wrong. 5 . Compared to her earlier work, Madeleine thinks that her latest songs. 4. What does Jack say about the way Swanton has charged? B) He thinks it is a more interesting place. 5 . Jack is positive about the future of Swanton because.

These agreements require Indigenous fishers to adhere to federal regulations, including restrictions on when fishing can take place.

Wildsmith, who represented Marshall before the Supreme Court, says the Mi'kmaq want a moderate livelihood fishery based on separate consultations with the federal government. The fishery would have its own set of regulations based on nation-to-nation agreements that have yet to be drafted, despite years of talks.

5. Conservation of the lobster stocks is central to the debate in Nova Scotia.

Some commercial fishermen have argued that lobster fishing should not be permitted at this time of year because lobsters moult — shedding their undersized shells — in the mid-summer months, which is also when female lobsters can mate.

The Sipekne’katik First Nation, however, has insisted that its fisheries management plan ensures conservation of the lobster stocks, noting that fishing didn't start until Sept. 17. The First Nation has already submitted a fisheries management plan to Ottawa.

This report by The Canadian Press was first published Oct. 20, 2020.

Michael MacDonald, The Canadian Press

Kerry Washington, Reese Witherspoon, and More Celebrities Who Have Already Voted .
It's not an election without a (legal) voting selfie, okay?!

usr: 4
This is interesting!