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Canada Violence and boycott of the opposition: why Côte d'Ivoire is sinking into the crisis

23:55  23 october  2020
23:55  23 october  2020 Source:   lexpress.fr

President-candidate Ouattara defends his record in Bouaké in front of a cheering crowd

 President-candidate Ouattara defends his record in Bouaké in front of a cheering crowd © REUTERS / Luc Gnago / File Photo Outgoing Ivorian president Alassane Ouattara during a meeting of the RHDP on August 22, 2020 in Abidjan. Friday October 16, Alassane Ouattara launched his campaign in Bouaké, the large city in central Côte d'Ivoire, in view of the presidential election on October 31.

Following elections in Cote d ’ Ivoire in October 2010, both President Laurent Gbagbo and opposition candidate, Alassane Ouattara, claimed victory. Negotiations failed and while the world’s attention was elsewhere, the situation became volatile and violent outbursts turned into the country’s second civil

Côte d ’ Ivoire ’s crisis is grounded in its geography and history. The country shares borders with five A central lesson from Côte d ’ Ivoire is that a failed electoral process almost always has disastrous A lack of independence of such institutions is a root cause of much political violence and instability.

About thirty people have died since August in violence linked to the presidential election of October 31, including 11 days.

En Côte d'Ivoire, une trentaine de personnes sont mortes depuis le mois d'août dans des violences liées à la présidentielle du 31 octobre. © Issouf SANOGO / AFP In Côte d'Ivoire, around thirty people have died since August in violence linked to the presidential election of October 31.

Côte d'Ivoire is sinking into a new political crisis against a backdrop of inter-community tensions. The clashes that started Monday in and around Dabou, 50 km west of Abidjan, have left at least "11 dead" according to a new report unveiled on Friday.

Eight days before the presidential election, the country is plunged into a violent pre-election crisis. About thirty people have died since August in violence linked to the October 31 election. In power since 2010, President Alassane Ouattara is running at for a controversial third term in , while the candidacies of several opposition figures have been invalidated.

A ministerial mission of ECOWAS in Côte d'Ivoire to attempt mediation

 A ministerial mission of ECOWAS in Côte d'Ivoire to attempt mediation © AP Photo / Alexander Zemlianichenko Shirley Ayorkor Botchway, Ghanaian Minister of Foreign Affairs (here August 20, 2019 in Moscow) leads an ECOWAS ministerial delegation in Ivory Coast. A ministerial mission from ECOWAS arrived in Côte d'Ivoire to meet the various political actors.

Côte d ’ Ivoire is a multi-ethnic country with approximately 60 different ethnic groups which can be grouped into five larger socio-cultural or ethno-linguistic groups Due to the exclusion and boycott of his main rivals, the RDR leader Alassane Ouattara and the FPI leader Laurent Gbagbo, respectively

The crisis in Côte d ’ Ivoire never fully degenerated into the all-out violence that wracked neighboring Sierra Leone or Liberia. It was instead largely frozen in a situation of General Philippe Mangou, head of the national armed forces, has sworn his allegiance to President Gbagbo; leaders of the former

Disturbances between ethnic groups

In Dabou, "an eleventh body was found, which was in a state of putrefaction and must have been there since Monday or Tuesday. This brings the number of dead to eleven. Not to mention the collateral damage. A lady is died for lack of care because she could not go to a dispensary, "said Mayor Jean-Claude Yede Niangne. "The situation is calm this morning. Truck traffic has resumed. Most of the stores have reopened," according to the city councilor who continues to visit neighboring villages this Friday to discuss with the populations.

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"More than 50 individuals were arrested" and "six firearms, 40 bladed weapons including 25 machetes were found in their possession, eight kitchen knives, three spears, three axes, two tapper knives, two pikes and clubs, "according to a press release from the gendarmerie posted on social networks.

Côte d'Ivoire: sporadic clashes in several cities

 Côte d'Ivoire: sporadic clashes in several cities © REUTERS / Luc Gnago The carcass of a charred bus burned during clashes in Abidjan, October 19, 2020. A person was killed on Monday October 19 in the city of Bonoua, that of origin of Simone Gbagbo. In Abidjan and in several localities of the country, groups of opposition activists responded to the slogan of their leaders calling for civil disobedience and active boycott, to protest against the candidacy of outgoing President Alassane Ouattara for the presidential election. October 31.

Côte d ' Ivoire 's higher-educational system appears to be producing a generation of leaders who have cut their political teeth in a climate of intimidation, violence , and impunity, an environment in which dissent and difference of opinion are violently repressed. Such a system is not "the best school" for

While Côte d ’ Ivoire was on the right path to recovery, it was still plagued by violence and deep political divisions, requiring continued international support as Mr. Ladsous said the Government had made efforts to engage with the political opposition despite their boycott of the local elections, but


Video: Presidential election in Côte d'Ivoire: another death during opposition protests (France 24)

A curfew from 7 p.m. to 6 a.m. is in effect until Sunday . According to residents, the first unrest began on Monday and degenerated into intercommunal clashes on Tuesday between Adioukrous, a local ethnic group known to be favorable to the opposition, and Dioulas, a northern ethnic group deemed to be pro-power. The situation then worsened with the use of automatic weapons, according to several witnesses. The mayor mentions a "militia with Kalashnikov (assault rifles)".

The opposition boycotts the ballot

The Ivorian opposition also rejected on Thursday the concessions proposed by the government on a reform of the electoral commission to end its boycott of the presidential election of October 31. "The opposition candidates maintain their slogan of civil disobedience and reiterate their demand for international mediation," said Maurice Kakou Guikahué, number two of the Democratic Party of Côte d'Ivoire, the PDCI, the main opposition movement .

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Côte d ’ Ivoire ’s political parties have begun campaigning without having settled how to run the This would be altogether new for Côte d ’ Ivoire . The main risk today is that FPI leaders boycott the next The spread of the Sahelian crisis into Burkina Faso may lead to violence on a regional scale, as it

Despite the opposition 's boycott , some of Kenyatta's supporters braved the polling stations to cast their vote. After casting his vote, Kenyatta said the country Security was tight going into the election after 37 people had died in violence after the August vote, with most of the victims shot dead by police.

He was speaking on behalf of Henri Konan Bédié, former president and leader of the PDCI, and Pascal Affi N'Guessan, who heads part of the Front Populaire Ivoirien. The opposition considers that the power's proposals do not correspond to its demands, explained Maurice Kakou Guikahué.

READ ALSO >> Côte d'Ivoire: the specter of the electoral crisis

Wednesday, the government opened the door to a reform of the independent electoral commission, the CEI, which the opposition considers "subservient" to the president's regime Alassane Ouattara. The government proposed to "consider favorably" the granting of an additional post to the opposition in the central CIS and the recomposition of the local CIS.

Fears of an escalation of murderous violence are great, ten years after the post-electoral crisis of 2010-2011, born of the refusal of president Laurent Gbagbo to recognize his electoral defeat against Alassane Ouattara . Coming after a decade of tensions that had cut the country in two, it had claimed 3,000 lives.

The UN calls for "the holding of inclusive and peaceful elections"

The UN Secretary General, Antonio Guterres, also said on Thursday that he was worried about "the tense situation in Côte d'Ivoire before the election presidential election of October 31, "when the opposition had just spoken. "He condemns the violent events in Bonoua and Dabou which have left several dead" and "reiterates his call to political and opinion leaders to reject all hate speech and incitement to violence inspired by politico-ethnicism", adds he in a press release.

Antonio Guterres "encourages all political actors and their supporters to engage in a constructive dialogue and create an environment conducive to the holding of inclusive and peaceful elections", adds his text.

The ECOWAS had called on Monday the power and the opposition to "considerable efforts" to calm the situation, inviting the opposition to "seriously reconsider" its "decision to boycott the election", as well as its call for "disobedience civil ". "Civil disobedience continues and must be intensified in a peaceful manner to end the electoral coup," Affi N'Guessan replied.

Presidential election in Côte d'Ivoire: stakes and challenges of an election under pressure .
© ISSOUF SANOGO / AFP Participation, electoral system, security ... The presidential election of October 31 faces many challenges. (illustrative image) Ivorians are being called to the polls this Saturday, October 31 for a presidential election under pressure. Alassane Ouattara is seeking a third term against an independent KKB candidate, Kouadio Konan Bertin. And the opposition, which disputes the conditions in which the poll is held, calls for preventing the election from being held.

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