Canada Rapprochement between Sudan and Israel: Revolution in the Middle East

15:25  24 october  2020
15:25  24 october  2020 Source:   xml.zeit.de

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In February, Israeli officials said Israel and Sudan had agreed to move towards forging normal relations for the first time during a meeting between "The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Sudan confirms that the issue of relations with Israel was not discussed in the Ministry of Foreign

READ: Israel rushes to normalise ties with Sudan . Israeli Regional Cooperation Minister Ofir Akunis said that the United States would announce another deal establishing ties between Unless otherwise stated in the article above, this work by Middle East Monitor is licensed under a Creative Commons

After Bahrain and the Emirates, Sudan is now also establishing political relations with Israel. Old enemies are reconciled - to curb Iran's power.

Abdel Fattah Abdelrahman al-Burhan, Vorsitzender des neu geschaffenen Souveränen Rates und damit derzeit Staatsoberhaupt Sudans © Mazen Mahdi / AFP / Getty Images Abdel Fattah Abdelrahman al-Burhan, chairman of the newly created Sovereign Council and therefore currently head of state of Sudan

With the announcement by US President Donald Trump that Sudan will normalize his relations with Israel , a process is continuing in the Middle East that can safely be called a paradigm shift. After the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and Bahrain, Sudan is the third country in the Arab League to have established diplomatic relations with Israel within a few months. And especially those about Sudan are of particular symbolic importance.

"Ahlan bik!", A musical hit sung by a leading Israeli-Emirati duo

 © JACK GUEZ Israeli singer Elkana Marziano, 28, sings with a video clip of a song he worked on with the Emirati artist Waleed Aljasim (image on screen), during an interview with AFP at his home in central Israel, October 15, 2020 Normalization between the United Arab Emirates and Israel now has its " hit "signed by a duo of singers from both countries:" Ahlan bik ", an Electro-pop song a bit kitsch on clip mixing images of Dubai and Tel Aviv.

Sudan and Israel have agreed to normalise relations, US President Donald Trump announced on Friday at the White House, a move that was denounced by Palestinians as a “new stab in the back”. Trump, who is seeking re-election on November 3, sealed the agreement in a phone call with Israeli

The Sudan Revolutionary Front, an alliance of armed MANSAM argued on 2 July 2019 that despite this prominent role in the protests, during negotiations between the TMC and the FFC, women were A "senior military source" told Middle East Eye that Salah Gosh, head of Sudanese intelligence, had

After all, the UAE and Bahrain never went to war with Israel. Sudanese troops, on the other hand, fought against Israel in the so-called War of Independence in 1948. In Khartoum, the capital of the African country, the Arab League also passed its resolution in 1967 with the famous "three nos": no to peace with Israel, no to recognition of the Jewish state, no to negotiations with Jerusalem.

Pragmatic interests

So now a triple yes. Of course, this is based on the pragmatic economic and political interests of the Sudanese transitional government. The country is poor and urgently needs help. And President Trump has, in return for recognizing Israel, removed Sudan from the list of terrorist supportive countries. This will lift sanctions and the country will immediately receive economic aid in the three-digit million range.

United States. After years of negotiations, Trump will remove Sudan from the

 United States. After years of negotiations, Trump will remove Sudan from the blacklist © Ebrahim HAMID / AFP At the head of a transitional government, Abdalla Hamdok convinced Donald Trump to remove Sudan from the American blacklist. Between two campaign meetings, Donald Trump decided to remove Sudan from the blacklist of states supporting terrorism, due to the appointment of a transitional government.

Sudan has become the third Arab country to agree to normalise relations with Israel in the run-up to "The leaders agreed to the normalisation of relations between Sudan and Israel and to end the state of The deal was negotiated on the US side by senior Trump adviser Jared Kushner, Middle East

Before the 2020 peace deals, Middle Eastern nation had not recognized Israel since Jordan in the 1990s. Trump said he expects Saudi Arabia to Sudanese Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok thanked Trump for signing the executive order to remove Sudan from the terrorism list and said in a statement

Sudan is on the shaky path towards democracy and needs US help. At the same time, there are many groups in the country who have different interests and are still hostile to Israel. Because until the fall of President Umar al-Bashir in 2019, Sudan was a close ally of Iran . Tehran used the country to arm the radical Islamic Hamas and Islamic Jihad that are fighting against Israel. The Israeli air force therefore repeatedly bombed arms convoys in Sudan that were on their way to Gaza.

The fact that the Islamic country is now moving towards Israel is therefore a paradigm shift for the entire region. Two new blocks have been growing in the for several years. On the one hand there are Turkey, Iran, Syria, Qatar and the Palestinians. They have many common interests and try to enforce them diplomatically and militarily. On the other hand, there are Saudi Arabia, the Gulf States, Egypt, Israel and now also Sudan.

Historic visit of an Emirati delegation to Israel, agreement on visa waiver

 Historic visit of an Emirati delegation to Israel, agreement on visa waiver © Jack Guez, AFP A delegation from the United Arab Emirates arrived in Israel on Tuesday October 20 to sign a series of agreements, the first official visit since normalization between the two countries. An Emirati delegation arrived in Israel on Tuesday as part of a historic first visit which concretizes the normalization of diplomatic relations between the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and the Hebrew state. Sign of a warming: visa exemption.

Sudan and Israel technically had been at war. Sudan , a Muslim-majority nation, hosted the Arab League conference in November 1967 , which Following the revolution the Sudanese Minister of Religious Affairs has declared a commitment to religious pluralism in the country, welcoming back the

" Sudan and Israel have agreed to the normalization of relations — another major step toward building peace in the Middle East with another nation In a statement, he thanked Trump for brokering the deal, while confirming Israeli and Sudanese delegations would soon meet for talks on commercial

Video: Skirmishes in Nagorno-Karabakh - Little chance of a peaceful solution (Euronews)

Rise of Iran

These new friendships and hostilities go back to the Middle East policy of former US President Barack Obama. With the nuclear agreement he initiated, he enabled Iran to make a comeback in the region. Frozen Iranian funds were released, the ayatollahs' missile program not stopped. Tehran began to aggressively expand its position of power, whether in Iraq or Syria, in Yemen or Lebanon.

Saudi Arabia and other Sunni states quickly realized that Israel was their lesser problem. Jerusalem now became an important ally in the common struggle against the growing power of Iran.

These geostrategic power struggles are less and less about the Palestinians. Their leaders are old, utterly divided, and do not seem to recognize the changed signs of the times. In view of this, they are now only a negligible problem for Saudi Arabia and other old opponents compared to Iran.

You can also make a profit with Israel, one of the world's most important high-tech locations next to Silicon Valley. The breathtaking pace at which the Emirates, Bahrain and Israel are moving forward with their cooperation just two months after establishing diplomatic relations shows that this new constellation is about to become a powerful economic powerhouse.

Pompeo hopes Sudan will recognize Israel "quickly"

 Pompeo hopes Sudan will recognize Israel © Provided by Le Point US Foreign Minister Mike Pompeo said on Wednesday he hopes Sudan will normalize diplomatic relations with Israel "soon" after the United States announced the upcoming withdrawal of Khartoum from their blacklist of states supporting terrorism. "We continue to work to advocate for the recognition of Israel by all countries," the secretary of state said at a press conference in Washington.

MOSCOW (Sputnik) - Israel and Sudan reached a preliminary agreement on the gradual normalisation of relations during talks in Khartoum, the Asharq Al-Awsat newspaper reported on Friday, citing a high-ranking Sudanese official.

President Trump on Friday announced an opening of relations between Sudan and Israel , building upon a breakthrough of diplomatic ties between the Jewish state and Gulf Arab nations that have traditionally shunned Israel over its conflict with the.

Contracts for civil aviation have already been concluded between the countries, Israel is receiving overflight rights from Saudi Arabia and tacit support in other ways. And the Emirates and Israel have just announced that an Israeli oil pipeline will be extended into the Emirates, creating the shortest and cheapest route for oil from the Gulf region to Europe. The Gulf States are also investing in Israeli start-ups, they are working together on the development of a vaccine against corona, and in November there will be a fintech conference organized by Jerusalem and Abu Dhabi, in which American and Chinese companies will also take part.

Palestinians could win too

These are just a few examples of the new development. It also shows that the old concepts pursued in European foreign ministries to pacify the Middle East are hardly relevant anymore.

Of course, despite these tectonic shifts, questions remain unanswered. The Palestinians are still waiting for their own state and the right to self-determination. And Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu still has no ambitions to achieve a two-state solution. Of course, Ramallah and Gaza protested reflexively at every new peace agreement, including the one with Sudan.

But the new Arab-Israeli relations may not be so bad for the Palestinians either. For example, in return for establishing diplomatic relations with Israel, the Emirates demanded that it renounce the annexation of the West Bank in future. Netanyahu immediately accepted.

In the meantime there are further diplomatic efforts. Israel sees Qatar as an opportunity for the next political breakthrough. So far, Qatar has been considered the financial patron saint of the radical Islamic Hamas in Gaza. The US and Israel are trying to reconcile Qatar and its Gulf neighbors. If this were to succeed, it would be tantamount to a revolution and would massively change the balance of power in the region. Because Qatar also has excellent relations with Iran. Tehran could be isolated so soon. And Israel would profit from it in every way.

The Middle East is changing much faster than it was recently thought possible.

Sudan and Israel make peace, Trump boasting .
© ALEX EDELMAN Donald Trump on the phone with Benyamin Netanyahu from the Oval Office, October 23. Eleven days before the US presidential election, Donald Trump did not hesitate to stage his "huge victory for world peace". From the Oval Office, in conjunction with the Prime Ministers of Israel and Sudan, he announced the normalization of diplomatic relations between the two countries.

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