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Canada The Chileans are in favor of a change of Constitution

07:15  26 october  2020
07:15  26 october  2020 Source:   lepoint.fr

The Chileans are in favor of a change of Constitution

 The Chileans are in favor of a change of Constitution © Provided by Le Point chili, constitution It is a turning point in the democratic history of Chile. Sunday, October 25, the Chileans voted with a very strong majority in favor of a new Constitution to replace that inherited from the Pinochet era, during a referendum organized a year after a massive popular uprising against social inequalities . According to partial results covering 69.81% of the polling stations, the votes in favor of a new Constitution were largely ahead, with 78.01% of the v

Chileans are voting on whether to draft a new constitution for their nation to replace guiding principles imposed four decades ago under a military Opinion polls have projected a new charter will be approved by a significant margin. Pinera urges unity. Among the first of a slow trickle of voters was

The current Constitution of Chile was approved by Chilean voters in a controversial plebiscite on September 11, 1980, under the military dictatorship of Augusto Pinochet.

chili, constitution © Provided by Le Point chili, constitution

It is a turning point in the democratic history of Chile. Sunday, October 25, the Chileans voted with a very strong majority in favor of a new Constitution to replace that inherited from the Pinochet era, during a referendum organized a year after a massive popular uprising against social inequalities . According to partial results covering 69.81% of polling stations, the votes in favor of a new Constitution were largely in the lead, with 78.01% of the votes, against 21.99% for the vote rejecting this option.

Reacting to these results, conservative President Sebastian Piñera called in a televised address for the “unity” of the country to draft the “new Constitution”. “Until now, the Constitution has divided us. From today, we must all collaborate so that the new Constitution is a space of unity, stability and the future ”, declared the Head of State.

Chile. The vote in favor of a new Constitution largely in the lead, the president calls for "unity"

 Chile. The vote in favor of a new Constitution largely in the lead, the president calls for © IVAN ALVARADO / REUTERS At the announcement of the first results, the Chileans gathered en masse, Sunday October 25, 2020, in the streets of the capital Santiago. The vote in favor of a constitutional change in Chile led by far, with more than 77% of the vote, according to partial results of the referendum held on Sunday covering almost half of the polling stations. This is a historic turning point for the Chile .

The Constitution of 1925 was the constitution in force in Chile between 1925 and 1973 when the Government Junta suspended it. In the 1920s Chile had a severe social and economic crisis that led to the loss of prestige for old ruling class, labeled oligarchy in Chilean historiography

Chile borders Peru to the north, Bolivia to the northeast, Argentina to the east, and the Drake Passage in the far south. Chilean territory includes the Pacific the Earth".[22] Another origin attributed to chilli is the onomatopoeic cheele-cheele—the Mapuche imitation of the warble of a bird locally known as

A high turnout

As the vote count continued, thousands of euphoric demonstrators gathered in the center of Santiago, in Plaza Italia, the epicenter of the protest, to celebrate the “victory”. journalists from Agence France-Presse. “We are celebrating a victory in this place more worthy than ever! Enthusiastically Graciela Gonzalez, a 35-year-old saleswoman, amid songs, firecrackers and honking. A year ago to the day, the protest against inequalities had taken a turn when 1.2 million people gathered in this emblematic square, renamed “Place de la dignité”. “I never imagined that we Chileans would be able to unite for such a change! », Ignited Maria Isabel Nuñez, 46, who came to the square hand in hand with her 20-year-old daughter.

Chile: strong mobilization for the first anniversary of the social revolt

 Chile: strong mobilization for the first anniversary of the social revolt © Martin BERNETTI Demonstration for the 1st anniversary of the start of the social revolt in Chile, October 18, 2020 in Santiago Tens of thousands of Chileans gathered on Sunday in Santiago to commemorate the first anniversary of the start of the social protest for more equality and to mobilize in favor of the "yes" to the constitutional referendum.

At the Constitutional Convention, the Articles of Confederation were thrown out and the Constitution was written. The Anti-Federalists did not want a powerful national government taking away those rights. The lack of a bill of rights became the focus of the Anti-Federalist campaign against ratification.

An "uncodified constitution " is a constitution made up of rules that are found from various documents in the absence of a single document or written constitution . The documents used as references may include commentaries by judiciary and legal experts.

[VIVO] Nuestra democracia se fortaleció gracias a la participación ciudadana. Hoy nuestro deber será seguir construyendo un país mejor https://t.co/Uh2VaPiPke

? Sebastian Piñera (@sebastianpinera) October 26, 2020

Despite the coronavirus pandemic that hit Chile hard (500,000 contaminations, 14,000 deaths), voters turned out in droves, forming long queues in front of the urns. The official turnout was not yet known, but Election Authority Director Patricio Santamaria predicted a high figure. Many voters spoke of a “historic” election on Sunday. "Chile deserves a national catharsis and I think this is the start," Felipe, a 35-year-old engineer, told Agence France-Presse. In the morning, Sebastian Piñera called on the Chileans to go to the polls "because every vote counts".

A popular “Constituent Convention”

Replacing the Constitution inherited from the dictatorship of Augusto Pinochet (1973-1990) was one of the demands of the demonstrations launched from October 18, 2019 in order to demand a more just society. The current fundamental law severely limits the action of the State and promotes private activity in all sectors, including education, health and pensions. The 14.7 million voters were called to answer two questions: “Do you want a new Constitution? "And" Which body will have to draft the new Constitution? According to partial results covering more than half of the polling stations, the option of a “Constituent Convention” made up entirely of citizens wins by 79% of the votes, against 21% for a “Mixed Convention” made up of citizens and parliamentarians.

Chileans called for a referendum on a change of Constitution

 Chileans called for a referendum on a change of Constitution © REUTERS / IVAN ALVARADO For a year, Chile has been plagued by protests against inequalities (photo illustration) One year after the outbreak of a protest of an unprecedented scale against inequalities, the Chileans are called to vote, Sunday, October 25, by referendum on a change of Constitution, considered by many as an obstacle to more social justice.

Start studying 2: The Constitution . Learn vocabulary, terms and more with flashcards, games and other study tools. Convention delegates from smaller states were in favor of _____. Which is one example of a President expanding the executive powers outlined in the Constitution ?

The UK is a constitutional monarchy but the powers of the monarch as a head of state - currently Queen Elizabeth II – are essentially ceremonial. 8. A form of government in which a monarch acts as head of state within the parameters of a constitution . _

Read also Chile: "We are not going to stop, we want a Constituent Assembly"

For supporters of "Apruebo" ("I approve"), mainly in the opposition of the center and the left, a new constitution will remove an essential obstacle to far-reaching social reforms in one of the most unequal countries in Latin America. "Since the start of the protest, this is the first real opportunity that we have for there to be changes in health, education", explained to Agence France-Presse Pilar Matus, a professor of 47 years old, before voting. The defenders of the “Rechazo” (“I reject”), who bring together the most conservative parties, believed that it was possible to introduce changes in the fundamental law, which they believed had guaranteed the stability of Chile in recent decades, without need to replace it. “It was a country that worked well in Latin America and now things are bad, we don't want that for our country,” said Andrea Benson, 26.

“Emerging from the shadow of the Pinochet dictatorship”

To date, no attempt to replace the fundamental law has succeeded. Everyone today agrees that the Constitution was drafted so that the conservative fringes of society could stay in power, even after the end of the dictatorship. The objective of "this constitutional process is to come out of the shadow of the Pinochet dictatorship," Marcelo Mella, a political scientist from the University of Santiago, told Agence France-Presse. It is also about "being able to solve by political and peaceful means the problems which have become structural", such as inequality and exclusion.

Read also Phebe? Dictatorships, bad for everything? Even for the

economy Until the outbreak of the crisis, Chile was considered one of the most stable countries in Latin America, praised for its macroeconomic performance. Triggered by an increase in the price of the metro ticket in Santiago, the protest was fueled by the anger of the population denouncing the disconnection of the elites in the face of the difficult daily life of the greatest number and caught the entire political class by surprise.

Burma: Extremist Buddhist monk Wirathu surrenders after 18 months on the run .
© REUTERS / Ann Wang Extremist Buddhist monk Wirathu during a rally against an amendment to the Burmese Constitution in Yangon on May 5, 2019. A Burmese nationalist extremist Buddhist monk, Ashin Wirathu, made famous by his preaching of hatred against Muslims, surrendered Monday, November 2 to the Yangon police after eighteen months on the run following an arrest warrant issued against him in May 2019.

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