Canada Ethiopia: the uncertain and precarious situation in Mekele still gives rise to concern

05:15  30 november  2020
05:15  30 november  2020 Source:   rfi.fr

Sudan: Tigrayan refugees say they are victims of expropriation by militias

 Sudan: Tigrayan refugees say they are victims of expropriation by militias © AFP - ASHRAF SHAZLY Ethiopian refugees who fled the fighting in Tigray province wait in front of a health center in Hamdayet, Sudan, on November 22 2020. (Photo illustration) Fleeing the fighting in Ethiopia's Tigray province, thousands of refugees - 38,000 according to UNHCR - continue to flow into Sudan. In parallel with the offensive led by the troops of the regular army, they say they were victims of the Amharas, the ethnic group neighboring the Tigrayans.

ADDIS ABABA, Ethiopia — Ethiopia claimed victory in its conflict with the restive region of Tigray on Saturday, after a daylong series of artillery strikes against the regional capital, a city of half a million people. With communications shut off, there was no way to independently confirm the government’s

The Ethiopian military has begun an offensive in Tigray's capital city of Mekelle, according to reports from the region. But our armed forces after seizing the control of Mekele city will be tasked to hunt down and capture these criminals one by one wherever they may be,” he said in comments carried by

Vue de la capital tigréenne Mékélé en Éthiopie, le 25 janvier 2018. © Wikimedia Commons Copyleft A. Savin View of the Tigrayan capital Mekele in Ethiopia, January 25, 2018.

Rare information begins to filter through after the claim of the capture of the capital of Tigray, Mekele, by the federal army on Saturday 28 November. The Red Cross says, for example, that the city's hospitals are overwhelmed and lack everything. Meanwhile, the battle for the press releases resumed, without it being possible to independently verify them.

Sunday, November 29 was calm in Mekele, according to the Red Cross. Yet the city's hospital lacks everything: food, medicine and even body bags. The Red Cross also mentions a thousand Eritreans, who arrived in the city hungry and destitute on Saturday, after walking from the camps where they lived near Shire.

Ethiopia: the leaders of Tigray reject the ultimatum and refuse to surrender

 Ethiopia: the leaders of Tigray reject the ultimatum and refuse to surrender © Provided by Le Point The president of Tigray rejected on Monday the ultimatum launched the day before by the Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed to the leaders of this dissident region from Ethiopia which gave them 72 hours to surrender.

"The safety of Ethiopians in Mekele and Tigray region continues as a priority for the federal government," she added. The head of the UN refugee agency UNHCR Filippo Grandi said Saturday that access to the region was still "the main obstacle" and urged the central government to "grant us

Humanitarians confirmed the shelling in Mekele , a densely populated city of a half-million people, which immediately raised concerns about civilian casualties. Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed said: ‘We have entered Mekele without innocent civilians being targets’.

For their part, the commanders of the federal army multiply reassuring statements on the situation, and in particular on the threat that would henceforth be posed by possible attacks by the TPLF forces having taken the bush. And in Humera, on the Sudanese border, state television claimed that the army had discovered 70 graves and mass graves inside the airport.

► To read also: Conflict in Tigray: Ethiopia announces that it has taken "complete control" of Mekele

But the declarations of the belligerents are still unverifiable, in the absence of telecommunications and access to the press and humanitarian workers to the region. It is not known whether there is still fighting after the announcement of the end of military operations by the government.

Ethiopia: Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed rejects mediation attempts in Tigray

 Ethiopia: Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed rejects mediation attempts in Tigray © Themba Hadebe / AP Photo Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed, January 12, 2020 in Pretoria, South Africa. In Ethiopia, Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed’s ultimatum expires on Wednesday. Humanitarians and politicians fear a bloodbath as the region is cut off from the world. Diplomats, international institutions and foreign powers are trying to encourage dialogue. But the Ethiopian authorities are still turning a deaf ear.

Last Sunday, the Ethiopian government gave the TPLF an ultimatum – which expired on Wednesday – to lay down arms or face an assault On November 4, security forces loyal to the TPLF attacked the Northern Command of the Ethiopian National Defense Force (ENDF) in Mekele , killing several people.

The shelling in Mekele , a densely populated city, immediately raised concerns about civilian casualties. Ethiopia ’s government had “I invite everyone to pray for Ethiopia where armed clashes have intensified and are causing a serious humanitarian situation ,” Pope Francis tweeted Saturday.

The UN fears serious abuses and calls on Abiy Ahmed to clarify the "emergency" situation

Silent for 24 hours, Tigray TV Tigray TV resumed its broadcasts on Sunday afternoon. She said fighting would continue in Adigrat. Supporting images, she also claims that a Mig-29, a federal army fighter plane, was shot down in the mountains 60 kilometers from Mekele. A pilot, shown in the pictures, was reportedly taken prisoner.

The director of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees, Filippo Grandi, said he was "very worried" about the fate of the 100,000 refugees living in Tigray. Reacting to reports of kidnappings in camps where they lived by the Eritrean army, he said these were "major violations of international standards" and called on Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed to "Clarify" the "emergency" situation.

Ethiopia: Abiy claims to know the whereabouts of the fleeing Tigray leaders .
© Aude GENET Map locating the Tigray region in Ethiopia and neighboring Eritrea The dissident leaders of Tigray, on the run, are tracked and are in the crosshairs of the Ethiopian federal army, Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed said on Monday, less than 48 hours after his proclaimed military victory in this northern region of the country. Nobel Peace Prize winner in 2019, Mr.

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