Canada MADAGASCAR: A Rift Valley Fever Epidemic strikes the Zebus

10:05  11 april  2021
10:05  11 april  2021 Source:   rfi.fr

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Des zébus au marché d'Ambalavao, dans le sud de Madagascar. © RFI / Laetitia Bezain of the Zebus at the Ambalavao market in the south of Madagascar.

A fever epidemic of the Rift Valley, a viral disease that mainly affects cattle and which can also contaminate the man, currently affects the zebus flocks in several parts of the country. It is transmitted by mosquito bite, agent of the virus. The Malagasy authorities have taken steps.

With our correspondent in Antananarivo, Laure Verneau

The epidemic started in February and the Institut Pasteur confirmed early April several homes of the disease. 473 Dead Zebus have been listed in all, about a total of about 19,000 animals for four regions, or 35 municipalities affected in the country according to the information given by the Ministry of Agriculture, which draws the alarm.

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of contaminated beast traffic restrictions have already been taken, as well as the treatment and The management of sick animals, still specifies the ministry. The fever of the Rift valley touches the cattle but also sheep and goats. The saliva a lot, females lose their little ones. The symptoms are numerous.

For the first time in 1979

The virus appeared for the first time in 1979 in Madagascar. And it has reappeared for about ten years, often in the context of heavy rainfall, which allow more eggs of infected mosquitoes. Man can also be contaminated in two other ways: if he ingested infected meat or raw milk from the beast, or by inoculation if he manipulates, in the context of slaughtering or setting Bas for example.

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the disease causes severe pathologies in humans and animals. And still according to the UN organization, the total rate of lethality for man remains very variable from one epidemic to another, but is generally established at less than 1% for the epidemics that have been documented on the continent African .

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