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Canada Today in History - June 26

23:21  11 june  2021
23:21  11 june  2021 Source:   thecanadianpress.com

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Today in History for June 26:

On this date:

In 1284, the Pied Piper of Hamelin led 130 German children to their deaths after being refused his fee for charming rats and mice into a river.

In 1346, Britain defeated France in the "Battle of Crecy" -- in which a cannon was used, probably for the first time.

In 1653, Spanish dramatist Lope Felix De Vega-Carpio died. He wrote more than 1,800 plays and could churn out as many as five, three-act plays in two weeks.

In 1721, inoculation for human smallpox was introduced in Boston by Dr. Zabdiel Boylston, who injected his son and two slaves.

In 1723, Dutch inventor Antony van Leeunwenhoek died. He developed the microscope.

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In 1784, Cape Breton separated from Nova Scotia.

In 1833, Capt. John Ross and 19 of his crew were rescued from Baffin Island. After their ship became ice-bound, they survived by living with Inuit for three years.

In 1835, John A. Macdonald, Canada's first prime minister, began practising law in Kingston, Ont.

In 1854, Sir Robert Borden, Canada's eighth prime minister, was born in Grand Pre, N.S. He served as prime minister from 1911-20.

In 1870, the first Boardwalk in the U.S. opened in Atlantic City, N.J.

In 1892, Pearl S. Buck, American Presbyterian missionary to China and author of the 1931 best-seller, "The Good Earth," was born.

In 1902, electronics and aviation inventor William Lear was born in Hannibal, Mo. His inventions included a practical car radio, which launched the Motorola Company, and the eight-track tape player. He also designed aircraft navigational aids and founded the corporate jet-maker Learjet. Lear's aircraft designs included the Canadair Challenger.

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In 1910, Roy J. Plunkett, who invented teflon while working as a du Pont chemist, was born in New Carlisle, Ohio. Teflon (whose full name is tetrafluoroethylene resin) was introduced in 1949. It's used as a coating for everything from satellite components to cookware.

In 1919, the New York Daily News was first published.

In 1925, Canadian Ted Rogers Sr. invented the alternating-current tube.

In 1945, the United Nations Charter was signed in San Francisco by 50 countries, including Canada.

In 1947, R.B. Bennett, Canada's prime minister from 1930-35, died at his home in England, just a few days shy of his 77th birthday. Bennett is the only prime minister not buried in Canada.

In 1948, in response to a Soviet blockade of supplies going to West Berlin, the U.S. announced it would increase its daily cargo flights to the German city. The blockade, the first serious crisis of the Cold War, was rooted in Soviet fears that Western allies were consolidating their German occupation zones into a single state. The blockade provoked fears of war in the West and accelerated Allied plans to set up an independent West Germany.

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In 1959, the St. Lawrence Seaway was officially opened at Montreal's St-Lambert Lock by Queen Elizabeth, Prime Minister John Diefenbaker and U.S. President Dwight Eisenhower. After Canada decided in 1952 to build the Seaway entirely in Canadian territory, the U.S. Congress moved swiftly to make it a joint venture. The 318-km system of locks, canals and channels enables ocean freighters to travel between the Atlantic and the Great Lakes.

In 1959, Swedish boxer Ingemar Johansson knocked out Floyd Patterson in the third round of their match at New York's Yankee Stadium to win the heavyweight title.

In 1961, the Hockey Hall of Fame in Toronto was opened by Prime Minister John Diefenbaker.


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In 1963, U.S. President John Kennedy wrapped up a visit to West Germany with a stopover in West Berlin, where he declared, "Ich bin ein Berliner (I am a Berliner)."

In 1976, the CN Tower was officially opened in Toronto. At 555 metres, it was at the time the world's tallest self-supporting structure.

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In 1978, the Roman Catholic College of Cardinals elected Albino Luciani as the 263rd Pope. He took the name John Paul I but died only 34 days after his election.

In 1985, Peter Lougheed announced he planned to resign after 14 years as Alberta premier. He was succeeded as premier and Conservative leader by former cabinet minister Don Getty.

In 1990, the final report of the Dubin Royal Commission on drugs in sport recommended that Canadian athletes exposed as users of banned drugs be denied federal funding. The inquiry was launched after the 1988 Ben Johnson Olympic steroid scandal.

In 1990, just days after the Meech Lake accord died, former Brian Mulroney cabinet minister Lucien Bouchard and three other MPs formed the separatist Bloc Quebecois. It was designed as a vehicle to promote sovereignty at the federal level and was to disband following a successful referendum on separatism.

In 2000, one of history's most significant scientific breakthroughs came as researchers in six countries announced they had completed the working map of the human genetic code. They decoded the 3.1-billion letters in human DNA, which will help identify the 60,000 to 100,000 genes in humans. It is hoped the human genome will eventually lead to cures for diseases such as cancer, diabetes and Alzheimer's.

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In 2003, an international panel studying Canada's handling of the mad-cow scare recommended that Canada ban the use of all cattle remains in feed. The report also said that the country must immediately step up surveillance techniques in case more than one animal acquired BSE.

In 2003, the U.S. Supreme Court struck down a Texas law banning sodomy between same-sex couples, in effect ending all anti-sodomy laws in the 13 states where they still existed and removing one pillar of states' rights that permitted discrimination against gays and lesbians.

In 2007, fashion house founder Liz Claiborne died at the age of 78.

In 2007, former Quebec finance minister Pauline Marois became the Parti Quebecois leader by acclamation when no other candidate emerged to challenge her nomination.

In 2009, Nortel Networks, which once dominated Canada’s benchmark stock market, was de-listed from the Toronto Stock Exchange on a permanent basis.

In 2010, police cracked down hard on G20 summit dissent in Toronto after a roving band of militant protesters used so-called Black Bloc tactics to wreak havoc along trendy Queen St. W. Store windows were smashed, property was damaged and their trail of destruction culminated in police cars being set aflame at several locations. Some 700 people were arrested.

In 2010, Master Cpl. Kristal Giesebrecht and Pte. Andrew Miller, both medical technicians attached to the 1st Battalion, The Royal Canadian Regiment Battle Group, were killed when their vehicle detonated an improvised explosive device about 20 kilometres southwest of Kandahar City. Their deaths brought to 150 the number of Canadian Forces members to die as part of the Afghanistan mission since it began in 2002.

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In 2011, "Inglorious" showed a fabulous late kick to capture the $1-million Queen's Plate by two-and-a-half lengths, becoming the first filly in 10 years to capture the first jewel of Canada's Triple Crown.

In 2013, the U.S. Supreme Court struck down the Defense of Marriage Act, giving spouses in same-sex unions the same federal benefits as heterosexual couples. The high court also cleared the way for same-sex marriage in California.

In 2014, the Supreme Court of Canada granted aboriginal title to a specific tract of land — for the first time in Canadian history — to the Tsilhqot'in Nation in the B.C. Interior. The unanimous decision set a historic precedent affecting resource rights.

In 2015, the U.S. Supreme Court declared that same-sex couples have a right to marry in all 50 states. It culminated two decades of Supreme Court litigation over marriage, and gay rights generally. Only 14 states, in the South and Midwest, had yet to legalize same-sex marriage.

In 2018, in a 5-4 decision, the U.S. Supreme Court upheld President Donald Trump's ban on travel from several mostly Muslim countries, rejecting a challenge that it discriminated against Muslims or exceeded his authority.

In 2019, The Department of National Defence announced Vice-Admiral Mark Norman would be retiring from the Canadian Forces after reaching a "mutually acceptable agreement" with the government. It said the details would remain confidential.  The surprise announcement came more than a month after Crown prosecutors stayed their politically charged breach-of-trust case against the military's former second-in-command.  Norman said at the time that he wanted to return to duty.  Norman was suspended from the military in January 2017 and later charged with breach of trust for allegedly leaking government secrets to put pressure on the government to approve a $700-million shipbuilding project.

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In 2019, Beth Chapman, who co-starred with her husband on the "Dog the Bounty Hunter" reality TV show at Queen's Medical Center in Honolulu after an almost two-year battle with cancer.  She was 51.  Chapman was diagnosed with throat cancer in September 2017 after getting a nagging cough checked out. A tumour was removed and she was declared cancer-free. But in November 2018, she was diagnosed with stage four lung cancer.

In 2020, the Supreme Court of Canada upheld an Ontario Court of Appeal decision that allowed Uber drivers to continue their legal battle to be recognized as employees. The decision opens the door to a class-action suit led by Ontario UberEats driver David Heller that aims to secure a minimum wage, vacation pay and other benefits for drivers.

In 2020, the remains of four Canadian Armed Forces personnel killed in a helicopter crash in the Mediterranean Sea were taken to funeral homes in Halifax and Truro. People lined the route of the procession from Halifax Stanfield International Airport for Capt. Brenden MacDonald, Capt. Maxime Miron-Morin, Sub-Lt. Matthew Pyke, and Master Cpl. Matthew Cousins.

In 2020, the Canadian Red Cross sent 900 people to work in Quebec's long-term care homes until mid-September to help fight the COVID-19 pandemic, replacing Canadian Armed Forces members. Premier Francois Legault had urged the military to keep at least 1,000 soldiers in the facilities until the fall. Prime Minister Justin Trudeau said a small contingent of military personnel would remain at four of the care homes until the COVID-19 situation is stable, while 10 teams of seven would be ready to deploy in case of an emergency.

In 2020, the WE charity was tapped to hand out federal government grants to students who volunteer under the Canada Student Service Grant program. Prime Minister Justin Trudeau said the civil service decided the organization was uniquely equipped to establish a large network to reach enough students and groups. New Democrat Charlie Angus called the decision ''highly dubious'' because Trudeau and his wife Sophie Gregoire Trudeau have appeared at events run by the WE organization.

In 2020, the Nova Scotia government announced all bars and restaurants could operate at full capacity after more than two weeks without a single new case of COVID-19. Premier Stephen McNeil said the limits for gatherings such as weddings, funerals and cultural events and performances would also be increased.

In 2020, Microsoft said it would permanently close nearly all of its physical stores around the world. Like other retailers, the software and computing giant had to temporarily close its stores in late March due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Flagship stores in major cities such as New York and London were to reopen.

In 2020, an Ontario judge convicted an off-duty Toronto police officer of assault, saying his ''razor-thin'' claim to self-defence evaporated when he struck a badly injured and retreating Black teen in the head with a metal pipe. Const. Michael Theriault was cleared, however, of the more serious charge of aggravated assault and of obstruction of justice. His brother Christian was acquitted entirely. The beating left Dafonte Miller, 19 at the time of the 2016 incident, with a ruptured eye and other serious injuries.

In 2020, Minneapolis City Council unanimously advanced a proposal to change the city charter to allow the police department to be dismantled. The 12-0 vote came after a spate of recent shootings in Minnesota's largest city and widespread criticism of law enforcement over the killing of George Floyd. (The proposal later faltered, with councilor Andrew Johnson saying he meant the words "in spirit" only.)

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(The Canadian Press)

The Canadian Press

Colts QB Carson Wentz helped land a Mississippi journalist in a Waffle House for 15 hours .
Lee Sanderlin picked quarterback Carson Wentz in his 2020 fantasy football draft: which got him last place and 15 hours in a Waffle house.Still, nearly six months after the NFL regular season concluded, the reporter for the Clarion Ledger, part of the USA TODAY Network, walked into a Brandon, Miss. Waffle House just after 4 p.m. Central to serve his punishment for coming in last: spending 24 hours in the iconic restaurant.

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