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Canada Researchers say that TB at residential schools was no accident

23:56  18 july  2021
23:56  18 july  2021 Source:   msn.com

B.C. Catholic bishop calls for patience amid waves of church burnings, vandalism

  B.C. Catholic bishop calls for patience amid waves of church burnings, vandalism Gregory Bittman, the bishop of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Nelson, asks people to wait for detailed analyses following the discovery of hundreds of unmarked grave sites around former residential schools in B.C. and Saskatchewan.Bishop Gregory Bittman of the Diocese of Nelson — who oversees Roman Catholic churches across the Kootenays and the Okanagan region — made the plea a week after 182 unmarked grave sites were discovered in the vicinity of a former residential school near Cranbrook, B.C.

(ANNews) – Two experts in tuberculosis say the mass death from TB at residential schools was no accident , but the result of deliberate neglect that was part of Canada’s broader genocidal project. Lena Faust, a PhD student at the McGill International TB Centre in Montreal, and Courtney Heffernan But in residential schools , they were astronomical — 8,000 per 100,000 children. As a result, Bryce recommended improvements to the school buildings and children’s diets, as well as having TB nurses on staff. The federal government of the day not only ignored Bryce’s advice, arguing that these

The Kamloops Indian Residential school was one of the largest in Canada and operated from the late 19th century to the late 1970s. It was opened and run by the Catholic Church until the federal government took it over in the late 1960s. Community leaders say the investigation will continue in conjunction with the British Columbia Coroner's Office and that community and government officials will ensure the remains are safeguarded and identified. Chief coroner Lisa Lapointe issued a statement saying that her office is early in the process of gather information.

 (ANNews) – Two experts in tuberculosis say the mass death from TB at residential schools was no accident, but the result of deliberate neglect that was part of Canada’s broader genocidal project. 

KAMLOOPS, BC - JULY 6 :  Former Kamloops Indian Residential School, where remains of 215 Indigenous children were found, is seen in Kamloops, British Columbia, Canada on July 6, 2021. (Photo by Mert Alper Dervis/Anadolu Agency via Getty Images) © 2021 Anadolu Agency KAMLOOPS, BC - JULY 6 : Former Kamloops Indian Residential School, where remains of 215 Indigenous children were found, is seen in Kamloops, British Columbia, Canada on July 6, 2021. (Photo by Mert Alper Dervis/Anadolu Agency via Getty Images)

Lena Faust, a PhD student at the McGill International TB Centre in Montreal, and Courtney Heffernan, manager of the Tuberculosis Program Evaluation and Research Unit at the University of Alberta, acknowledged in a July 12 Globe and Mail op-ed that it’s unknown how many of the children whose remains were uncovered from unmarked graves in the past two months died as a result of TB. 

Tk'emlúps te Secwépemc to release final report on unmarked graves at former Kamloops residential school

  Tk'emlúps te Secwépemc to release final report on unmarked graves at former Kamloops residential school In May, Tk'emlúps te Secwépemc First Nation revealed preliminary findings of a ground survey that, combined with previous knowledge, it said indicated 215 children had been buried at the site of the former Kamloops Indian Residential School. After working with the BC Coroners Service, the nation is now releasing exact numbers.In May, the nation released a statement saying preliminary findings from a survey of the site by ground-penetrating radar, combined with previous knowledge and oral history, indicated 215 children had been buried at the site.

Canada's residential schools were compulsory boarding schools run by the government and religious authorities during the 19th and 20th Centuries with the aim of forcibly assimilating indigenous youth. Kamloops Indian Residential School was the largest in the residential system. Opened under Roman Catholic administration in 1890, the school had as many as 500 students when enrolment peaked in the 1950s. The central government took over administration of the school in 1969, operating it as a residence for local students until 1978, when it was closed.

At a news conference on Thursday, Cowessess Chief Cadmus Delorme said research teams had registered 751 “recorded hits” in their scans of the site, but that each grave could contain more than one set of remains, and further technical examinations would be carried out. Earlier, local political leaders called on the Catholic Church to release its records relating to the schools and its students. “We need to work alongside the communities that continue to search the residential school sites and make sure we find all of these unmarked graves,” politician Ryan Meili said in a CBC interview.

But as early as 1907, chief medical officer of the Department of Indian Affairs Peter Henderson identified schools an ideal vector for TB transmission, going as far as to say it was “almost as if the prime conditions for the outbreak of epidemics had been deliberately created.”

Faust and Heffernan, who are advocates for ending TB in Canada and abroad, emphasize that although there was a TB epidemic at the time, it was greatly exacerbated by conditions in residential schools. 

“TB is a communicable infectious disease directly shaped by inequity at the individual and population level. It is well-established that social determinants of health, including malnutrition, overcrowding and poor ventilation, contribute to the development and spread of TB, and these conditions were common in residential schools,” they write. 

First Nation considering whether to excavate unmarked graves at former Kamloops residential school

  First Nation considering whether to excavate unmarked graves at former Kamloops residential school The apple orchard near the Kamloops Indian Residential School was chosen for a search for unmarked graves because a rib bone and tooth had previously been found in the area, and school survivors recalled digging graves for classmates, the local First Nation revealed at a press conference Thursday. “We are not here for retaliation. We are here for truth telling,” said Tk’emlúps te Secwépemc Chief Rosanne Casimir. “We seek peace and knowing, as soon as possible.

The history of residential schools has been identified as having long lasting and intergenerational effects on the physical and mental well- being of Indigenous populations in Canada. Our objective was to identify the extent and range of research on residential school attendance on specific health Although there have been some empirical studies of the effects of residential schooling on Indigenous peoples’ health, there has been no previous attempt to synthesize the evidence of these effects. The purpose of this scoping review is therefore to describe the current state of the literature regarding

The Kamloops Indian residential school was established in 1890 under the leadership of the Roman Catholic church, and closed in 1978. It was part of a cross-Canada network of residential schools created to forcibly assimilate Indigenous children by removing them from their homes and communities, and forbidding them from The school was described as being cold in winter and unsanitary. The same documents mention that students were exposed to outbreaks of measles, tuberculosis, influenza and other contagious diseases, and many died. In a 1935 report on a death from measles at the school , an agent noted

Bryce found that TB death rates were far higher in residential schools than among children in the general Canadian population. In southern Alberta alone, he found that 28 per cent of residential school children died, with TB as the most common cause of death. 


Video: 182 graves found near former residential school near Cranbrook, B.C. (cbc.ca)

According to the Canadian Public Health Association, TB death rates in First Nations communities in the 1930s and ‘40s were 700 per 100,000, some of the highest ever recorded in a human population. But in residential schools, they were astronomical — 8,000 per 100,000 children. 

As a result, Bryce recommended improvements to the school buildings and children’s diets, as well as having TB nurses on staff. The federal government of the day not only ignored Bryce’s advice, arguing that these changes were too costly, but prevented him from doing further research into conditions in residential schools and presenting his findings at academic conferences.

Tk’emlups details next steps after radar search found probable graves

  Tk’emlups details next steps after radar search found probable graves The Tk’emlups band is calling on the federal government and the Catholic Church to release attendance records of all students who attended the Kamloops Indian Residential School as it prepares to begin work identifying what it believes is the remains of children in some 200 probable graves near the building. In May, the band announced it had conducted a ground-penetrating radar (GPR) survey indicating the presence of more than 200 unmarked graves on the grounds of the former school, leading to international attention and outcry over Canada’s residential school system.

A North Korean defector says that the brainwashing in U.S. schools is similar to the brainwashing in North Korean schools . MSNBC host explains anxiety she felt over American flags hanging from trucks of Trump supporters on Long Island, NY. Geopolitics expert warns China preparing for TOTAL WAR In his laboratory research , Adams has made numerous food safety breakthroughs such as revealing rice protein products imported from Asia to be contaminated with toxic heavy metals like lead, cadmium and tungsten . Adams was the first food science researcher to document high levels of tungsten in

Police did not say if any protesters were injured, but said 13 protesters were arrested. Protest organizers called for the demonstration to end just after 6pm but a stand-off between the police and hundreds of protesters continued for several more hours before the police dispersed the crowd just before the start of a 9 p.m. curfew that is in force in the Thai capital. It’s very difficult to say for certain, but I think 100,000 cases a day is almost inevitable. Ferguson highlighted that the relaxation of measures coincided with the start of school holidays, which will probably see contact rates among teenagers “tick down”.

In his 1922 book outlining his findings, The Story of a National Crime: Being an Appeal for Justice to the Indians of Canada, Bryce blasted the feds, arguing “this trail of disease and death has gone on almost unchecked by any serious efforts on the part of the Department of Indian Affairs.” 

And TB is still spreading in Canada, with 1,796 cases reported in 2017, a disproportionate number of them infecting First Nations and Inuit communities. According to Faust and Heffernan, the amount of active TB cases was 400 times higher among Inuit peoples than the non-Indigenous population. 

“This staggering imbalance underlines the continuing consequences of colonial structural violence and a failure to address the social determinants of TB, such as equitable access to health care and adequate housing,” they write. 

“A genuine attempt at reconciliation involves not only recognizing the truth of the suffering deliberately inflicted on Indigenous peoples by settlers, but also honouring Indigenous community mourning and calls to action with a comprehensive review, and addressing the harms that persist in our relations today.” 

 Jeremy Appel is a Local Journalism Reporter for Alberta Native News.

Jeremy Appel, Local Journalism Initiative Reporter, Alberta Native News

Sagkeeng First Nation searching former residential school site .
Recent discoveries of unmarked graves at similar residential schools across Canada spurred the community to take action and conduct a search using ground-penetrating radar. "We've had meetings in our community in the last while, since we heard about what happened in Kamloops with the 215 graves that were found there," Henderson told 680 CJOB. "That triggered our community.... We know through the residential school hearings and the Truth and Reconciliation report that a lot of our elders had spoken and said there were children that weren't found or went missing. Some of them were friends of theirs.

usr: 4
This is interesting!