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Canada Today in History - Aug. 14

23:32  30 july  2021
23:32  30 july  2021 Source:   msn.com

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Today in History for Aug. 14:

On this date:

In 1040, King Duncan of Scotland was murdered by Macbeth, who became king and ruled for 17 years.

In 1811, Paraguay declared its independence.

In 1814, British General Sir Gordon Drummond's forces were repulsed in a night attack against the American garrison at Fort Erie.

In 1848, a clause in the Act of Union, making English Canada's official language, was repealed.

In 1861, Montreal was badly flooded. One quarter of the city was under water.

In 1877, the Northwest Council issued an edict protecting the Canadian buffalo.

In 1900, international forces entered Peking (now Beijing) to put down the Boxer Rebellion. It was aimed at ridding China of foreigners. About 250 foreigners are estimated to have been killed in the uprising, along with as many as tens of thousands of Chinese Christian converts.

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In 1917, China declared war on Germany and Austria.

In 1929, the German dirigible "Graf Zeppelin" began a round-the-world flight, which was completed Sept. 4.

In 1934, millionaire brewer John Labatt of London, Ont., was kidnapped and held for ransom. He was released in Toronto on Aug. 17. Michael McCardell of Hammond, Ind., was later sentenced to 12 years in prison after pleading guilty to the crime.

In 1941, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed the Atlantic Charter. The signing followed a secret Second World War strategy session aboard the "USS Augusta" and "HMS Prince of Wales" in Placentia Bay, Nfld. The Atlantic Charter guaranteeing freedom of speech and worship formed the basis of the United Nations Charter.

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In 1941, German spy Josef Jakobs became the last person executed at the Tower of London. He was shot.

In 1945, the Second World War came to an end with VJ Day - Victory in Japan Day. U.S. President Harry Truman announced that Japan had unconditionally surrendered just days after the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The official document was signed Sept. 1, 1945, aboard the U.S. battleship "Missouri" with Gen. Douglas MacArthur accepting the surrender on behalf of the Allies.

In 1947, Pakistan became an independent country. The Indian subcontinent was officially partitioned, establishing the self-governing dominions of Pakistan, a Muslim state, and India, a Hindu state. The partitioning ended some 200 years of British rule.

In 1951, American newspaper publisher William Randolph Hearst died in California at age 88.

In 1958, all 99 people, half of them Americans, aboard a KLM Royal Dutch airliner were killed when the plane crashed into the Atlantic Ocean about 210 kilometres west of Ireland. The plane went down without even a radio report of trouble. The crash was later blamed on a malfunctioning propeller.

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In 1962, the 12-kilometre-long Mont Blanc Tunnel, extending from Courmayeur, Italy, to Chamonix, France, was opened.

In 1969, after the worst fighting in 30 years between Protestants and Catholics in Northern Ireland, Britain sent troops into the province. The violence included gunfights, gasoline bombings and fire attacks in Belfast, Londonderry and other parts of Northern Ireland.

In 1972, a Soviet-built Ilyushin 62 crashed minutes after takeoff from East Berlin's airport, killing 156 people.

In 1973, the U.S. bombing of Cambodia came to a halt, marking the official end to 12 years of American combat in Indochina.


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In 1974, Turkey launched a second military operation in Cyprus. About 200,000 Greek Cypriots fled to the south as 40,000 Turkish troops assumed control of much of the northern part of the island. Canadians, who were part of a UN peacekeeping force, were forced to abandon the Ledra Palace Hotel in Nicosia because of the attack.

In 1980, Jimmy Carter accepted the Democratic party's nomination to seek a second term as U.S. president.

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In 1981, Pope John Paul II left a Rome hospital, three months after being wounded in an attempt on his life.

In 1982, the luxury liner "Queen Elizabeth 2" left Southampton on its first cruise since returning from transporting British troops in the Falkland Islands conflict.

In 1988, Italian carmaker Enzo Ferrari died at age 90.

In 1992, in a case brought on by 10 retired servicemen, the Canadian Human Rights Commission ruled that the Canadian Armed Forces' retirement policy constituted age discrimination under the Charter of Rights and violated the Canadian Human Rights Act.

In 1994, the Venezuelan-born terrorist known as "Carlos the Jackal" was captured in Sudan. Vladimir Ilich Ramirez Sanchez, blamed for a string of terrorist bombings and killings across Western Europe in the 1970s and '80s, was taken to France for trial. In 1997, he was convicted of the 1975 murders of two French investigators and sentenced to life in prison. (In 2011, he was convicted for organizing four deadly attacks in France in the 1980s and sentenced again to life in prison.)

In 1996, the National Party, architects of South African apartheid, moved to the opposition benches for the first time in 48 years.

In 1997, Timothy McVeigh was formally sentenced to death for the 1995 Oklahoma bombing. He was executed June 11, 2001.

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In 2001, U.S.-based electronics behemoth Best Buy Co. agreed to buy its Canadian rival, Future Shop Ltd., for $580 million. (In 2015, 66 Future Shops were closed and the 65 others stores were re-branded as Best Buy.)

In 2003, the biggest blackout in North American history hit most of Ontario and the eastern seaboard, including New York, Cleveland and Detroit, leaving 50 million people without power and shutting down 100 power plants, including 22 nuclear plants. Failure of three transmission lines in northern Ohio was the likely trigger of the blackout that cascaded into Canada. Ontario Premier Ernie Eves declared a state of emergency. Power was restored within a couple of days but consumers were asked to conserve energy use.

In 2005, a Cypriot airliner belonging to Helios Airlines crashed into mountains near Grammatiko, 45 kilometres from Athens, killing all 121 people aboard.

In 2007, Mattel Inc. recalled 19 million Chinese-made toys containing small magnets that posed a choking danger or coated in potentially hazardous amount of lead paint. Nearly 900,000 of the toys were sold in Canada. The toys included Polly Pocket dolls and Batman action figures.

In 2008, Libya and the United States signed a deal settling all outstanding terror-related lawsuits between the two nations, clearing the way for the restoration of full diplomatic relations.

In 2009, Charles Manson follower Lynette (Squeaky) Fromme, 60, convicted of trying to assassinate U.S. President Gerald Ford in 1975, was released from a Texas prison hospital after more than three decades behind bars.

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In 2013, Egyptian riot police stormed two protest camps in Cairo where supporters of ousted Islamist president Mohammed Morsi had gathered since June to demand his reinstatement. It sparked running street battles between Morsi's supporters and security forces across Egypt. At least 638 people were killed and over 4,000 were injured nationwide.

In 2014, Michael Sona, a former junior Conservative campaign staffer and the lone person charged in the 2011 robocalls election scandal, was convicted under the Canada Elections Act of wilfully preventing or endeavouring to prevent an elector from voting. (He was sentenced to nine months in prison, the first person ever to serve time for violating the Canada Elections Act.)

In 2015, the American flag rose over the newly opened U.S. Embassy in Cuba for the first time in 54 years, making a symbolically charged victory lap for the Obama administration's new policy of engagement with Cuba.

In 2016, Jamaica's Usain Bolt won a record third consecutive gold medal in the 100-metre sprint. Canada's Andre De Grasse won the bronze medal with a personal best 9.91 seconds, one-tenth of a second behind Bolt.

In 2016, Britain's Justin Rose won the first golfing gold medal at the Olympics since Canadian George S. Lyon won gold at the 1904 St. Louis Games.

In 2017, a jury found former Denver radio host David Mueller guilty of groping pop star Taylor Swift during a backstage photo-op in 2013. He had sued Swift, claiming the allegation cost him his career and his reputation and she countersued for assault and battery and a request for a symbolic $1 judgment and the chance to stand up for other women.

In 2018, East Coast painter Mary Pratt, whose vivid depictions of everyday objects won her international acclaim, died peacefully at her home in St. John's. She was 83.

In 2018, smoke from hundreds of wildfires in British Columbia drifted into Alberta and prompted new air quality advisories in both provinces. Advisories would eventually be posted for areas stretching all the way to Manitoba.

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In 2018, a Christian university in British Columbia dropped a requirement that students sign a covenant forbidding sex outside of heterosexual marriage. The change followed a Supreme Court of Canada ruling that upheld the right of provincial law societies to deny accreditation to graduates of Trinity Western's proposed law school. The societies said the covenant amounted to discrimination of LGBTQ students.

In 2018, a highway bridge in the Italian port city of Genoa collapsed during a heavy rainstorm, sending dozens of cars and trucks plunging 45 meters into a dry riverbed. The death toll, including those who later died in hospital, was at least 43 people.

In 2019, Canada's ethics watchdog found Prime Minister Justin Trudeau violated the Conflict of Interest Act by improperly pressuring then-attorney general Jody Wilson-Raybould to halt the criminal prosecution of SNC-Lavalin. Mario Dion says that contravenes rules forbidding public office holders from using their position to try to influence a decision that would improperly further the private interests of a third party. Dion also said Trudeau improperly pushed Wilson-Raybould to consider partisan political interests in the matter, contrary to constitutional principles on prosecutorial independence and the rule of law.

In 2019, the federal government issued a travel advisory warning Canadians to exercise a high degree of caution in Hong Kong. The advisory was posted amid massive protests calling for democratic reforms and reports that the Chinese military was amassing on the border. About 300,000 Canadians live in Hong Kong.

In 2019, the Saint John Police Force said the investigation into the 2011 killing of multi-millionaire businessman Richard Oland is no longer active, despite the acquittal of Oland's son on a charge of second-degree murder in the case. Police Chief Bruce Connell made the statement the day after New Brunswick's Public Prosecution Services announced it would not appeal Dennis Oland's acquittal. In response, the family of Dennis Oland said it would renew its offer of a reward to possibly provide the police with additional information or new evidence that Connell suggested would be required for further investigation to take place.

In 2020, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau confirmed that two Canadians were among those killed in a deadly explosion in a port in Beirut on August 4th. Trudeau didn't disclose their names, but CBC reported that one of the two was a three-year-old girl. The blast killed more than 200 people, injured thousands more and destroyed large parts of Beirut.

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(The Canadian Press)

The Canadian Press

A look at COVID-19 reopening plans across the country .
As COVID-19 vaccination rates increase and case numbers drop across the country, the provinces and territories have begun releasing the reopening plans for businesses, events and recreational facilities. Most of the plans are based on each jurisdiction reaching vaccination targets at certain dates, while also keeping the number of cases and hospitalizations down. Here's a look at what reopening plans look like across the country: Newfoundland and Labrador: Newfoundland and Labrador has moved to the second step of its reopening plan two weeks ahead of schedule.

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