Canada Russia: 32 years of struggle "liquidated" to the NGO Memorial?

10:05  25 november  2021
10:05  25 november  2021 Source:   rfi.fr

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Bureau moscovite du l'ONG Memorial (Image illustration). © AP - Ivan SEKRETAREV Moscow Office of the NGO Memorial (picture illustration).

historic pillar of the struggle for democracy in Russia, the most emblematic of Russian NGOs, established in January 1989 with support from the physicist and Nobel Peace Prize Andrei Sakharov. She is threatened with "liquidation" is the term used by the law. The hearing was held Thursday morning at the Supreme Court in Moscow.

From Sakharov Muratov: a Russian Nobel Peace Foundation in 1989 with other dissidents, another asking that justice does not render its "liquidation". In thirty two years, Memorial has played a leading role in the documentation of Stalinist repression and extended its work to violations of human rights and political prisoners in the post Soviet space.

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►a listen as WALK THE WORLD - Memorial transmit the memory of repression

This is a significant contribution to history, judge-as many historiens- Konstantin Andreev, head of museum training center gulag in Moscow, "Memorial is one of the key institutions to study the subject of repression. These are people who make a significant contribution to the work on this subject of reflection of the Soviet era, the mass repressions. And all those who write research course cite these sources in the scientific community made by researchers working at Memorial. "

Like him, they are likely to have trouble believing the end of this NGO iconic and yet ... The grounds of legal proceedings initiated are serious. Apology "extremists and terrorist activities", because of its list of political prisoners, including members of banned organizations such as Jehovah's Witnesses, or movement Navalny . A first hearing was held this week on the issue, but the decision expected in the Russian capital incurs a risk of immediate liquidation: these are violations of the law officers abroad. Report all its

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publications Like any organization classified under this status infamous in Russia, the Memorial must report on all its publications. Some shortcomings in seven years under this label and this is a chopper that nobody expected to Memorial. "We shared the severity and sadness. When we received these wonderful records of justice, our first feeling was surprise, rage and laughter. Because reading of the act of accusation the prosecutor can not recall anything, said Alexander Cherkasov, became the leader of the branch Human Rights Memorial. It does not close an organization for something he can change. We had some remarks were taken into account these comments. For us, it comes back to be shot for crossing the street outside the crosswalk. It's true that we should not cross the street anyway, but this measure is inconsistent. "

►a read also: The Russian prosecutor general demand the dissolution of the NGO Memorial

Russia: Threatened with dissolution, the NGO Memorial pulls the alarm

 Russia: Threatened with dissolution, the NGO Memorial pulls the alarm © AP - Ivan Sekretarev The Memorial NGO is one of the largest civil society organizations in the fight for the protection of the rights of Man in Russia. Symbol of Perestroika, Memorial, created in 1989 by dissidents, including the Nobel Peace Award Andrei Sakharov, is in the viewfinder of justice which requested its dissolution. Decision on 25 November.

The Special Rapporteur of the UN on human rights defenders expressed concern that following Memorial, the remaining players Russian civil society are also targeted. Imprisonment or departure abroad, critical voices in Russia already are becoming increasingly rare. Political analyst Mikhail Vinogradov, "with this wave of prohibitions, restrictions, designation as foreign agents various organizations, we see this spring and fall to a kind of demonstration of how the representatives of the device State and police are struggling against an imaginary threat to Russia and the Russian government. The Nobel Peace Prize awarded to Dmitry Muratov has probably slowed a time this process, but we'll now see that the radicalism of the championship does not stop. "

At Memorial, we have a long history of pressure and persecution. Among the most tragic, the assassination in 2009 of his representative in Chechnya Natalia Emisterova. Elena Jemkova, executive director of Memorial, however, refuses to admit defeat: "The situation is serious, dangerous. But if it is liquidated, we begin from scratch: we will find the money, the local one will find, we will redevelop it and we will put our archives. " Asked about the case on Tuesday, the Kremlin spokesman declined to comment on the case, this is "not a priority" to the president's agenda said Dmitry Peskov.

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