Canada Afghanistan: The Taliban celebrate a year of power
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The Taliban decreed this holiday on Monday to celebrate The first anniversary of their return to power in Afghanistan, a year marked by a strong regression of women's rights and a deep humanitarian crisis.
On August 15, 2021, the Islamist fundamentalists seized without fighting the capital Kabul, after a flash offensive carried out throughout the territory against the routed government forces, thanks to the withdrawal of American troops and the NATO after 20 years of military intervention in the country.
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"We fulfilled the obligation of jihad and released our country", Summarizes NiaMatullah Hekmat, a Taliban fighter who entered Kabul that day, just hours after the escape from the country of fallen president Ashraf Ghani.
The chaotic removal of foreign forces continued until August 31, with tens of thousands of panic civilians rushing to the only airport in the capital to be evacuated outside the country, on any flight available .
The amazing images of crowds taking planes stationed on the tarmac, climbing on devices or clinging to a American army plane to take off have marked the world.
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Except this public holiday on Monday, no official celebration has so far been announced to mark the birthday, but state television has indicated that it would broadcast special programs, without further details.
A year later, the Taliban fighters express their joy at seeing their movement today exercising power, at the time when, for their part, humanitarian aid agencies are alarmed to see half of the 38 million inhabitants of the countries faced with extreme poverty.
"When we entered Kabul, and when the Americans left, it was moments of joy", continues Niamatullah Hekmat, now a member of the special forces and assigned to the care of the presidential palace.
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but for ordinary Afghans, and especially women, The Taliban's return has only increased the difficulties.
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Very quickly and despite their initial promise, the new masters of the country have largely returned to the ultra-rigorist interpretation of Islam which had characterized their first transition to power between 1996 and 2001, very strongly restoring women's rights .
- "Everything has been torn off" -
These are excluded from many public jobs and prohibited from traveling alone outside their city.
In March, the Islamists had the girls closed the high schools and colleges, just a few hours after their reopening, however, announced for a long time.
and in early May, the supreme Taliban chief ordered women to wear a full veil in public, preferably burqa.
"Since the day they arrived, life has lost its meaning," laments Ogai Amail, a resident of Kabul. "Everything was torn off, they even entered our personal space," she continues.
Saturday in Kabul, Taliban fighters violently dispersed with shots of rifle and shots in the air around forty women who demonstrated for the right to work and education.
If the Afghans recognize a decrease in violence with the end of the war since the arrival of the Taliban, many of them are hit hard by an acute economic and humanitarian crisis.
"The people who come to our stores complain so high prices that we, merchants, let's start to hate what we do," deplores Noor Mohammad, a merchant of Kandahar, in the south of the country, historic cradle and center Taliban power.
For Islamist fighters, however, the joy of victory eclipses the current economic crisis.
"We may be poor, we may be faced with difficulties, but the white flag of Islam will now float high forever in Afghanistan", rejoices one of them, as a faction in a park public from Kabul.
Canada’s spy agency concerned Afghanistan will be ‘safe haven’ for extremists: docs .
CSIS warned the public safety minister in October that the return of the Taliban could increase religiously motivated terrorism threats to Canada. Canada’s domestic spy agency warned the government in October that the Taliban’s return to power in Afghanistan could increase the risk of religiously motivated extremism in Canada, documents reviewed by Global News suggest.