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Entertainment Nagorno-Karabakh caught between Armenia and Azerbaijan

16:10  28 september  2020
16:10  28 september  2020 Source:   france24.com

Karabakh: the fighting left at least 39 dead in 24 hours

 Karabakh: the fighting left at least 39 dead in 24 hours © Supplied by Le Point Karabakh, conflict, war The fights in the region of Nagorno Karabakh killed at least 15 more, on the side of the separatists , supported by Armenia , according to a latest report published Monday, September 28. Thus, at least 39 people died in the fighting between this region which wishes to break away from Azerbaijan . In detail, 32 are soldiers killed since Sunday morning, reports the Ministry of Defense separatists.

Nagorno - Karabakh is part of Azerbaijan , but its population is majority Armenian . As the Soviet Union saw increasing tensions in its constituent republics in Armenia is majority Christian while Azerbaijan is majority Muslim. Turkey has close ties to Azerbaijan , while Russia is allied with Armenia - although

War erupted between Armenia and Azerbaijan over the region, leaving roughly thirty thousand casualties and hundreds of thousands of refugees. Nagorno - Karabakh has been a frozen conflict for more than a decade, but artillery shelling and minor skirmishes between Armenian and Azerbaijani

Des soldats arméniens dans une tranchée près de la ville de Martuni, au Haut-Karabakh, en avril 2016. © Reuters (Archive) Armenian soldiers in a trench near the town of Martuni, in Nagorno-Karabakh, in April 2016.

Armenia and Azerbaijan, two former Soviet Caucasian republics, have held each other in stubborn hatred for decades over territorial conflict. Spotlight on two neighbors that everything opposes and who still clash since Sunday in deadly fights.

Armenia and Azerbaijan have been fighting over the Nagorno-Karabakh region for almost a hundred years. At the heart of the deleterious relations between Yerevan and Baku, this mostly Armenian enclave, attached in 1921 to Azerbaijan by the Soviet authorities, unilaterally proclaimed its independence in 1991, with the support of Armenia.

Canada concerned about broader conflict as renewed fighting erupts on Armenia's border

  Canada concerned about broader conflict as renewed fighting erupts on Armenia's border With Armenia and Azerbaijan now pounding each other's tanks and troops from the ground and the air, a regional conflict over an old battleground in the South Caucasus Mountains is threatening to spiral into something larger and much harder to control. Canada is warning against escalation, while one expert warns that the conflict could turn into a humanitarian catastrophe if it persists. The enclave of Nagorno-Karabakh — internationallyCanada is warning against escalation, while one expert warns that the conflict could turn into a humanitarian catastrophe if it persists.

Armenia and Azerbaijan fought a six-year war over Nagorno - Karabakh before reaching a truce in 1994 but have both since blamed one another for Located in the South Caucasus between Europe and Asia, majority-Christian Armenia shares a border with Azerbaijan , Georgia, Iran, and Turkey.

Nagorno - Karabakh is internationally recognised as part of Azerbaijan , but is governed by ethnic Armenians backed by the Armenian government. A war between the two countries over the region ended in 1994 with a truce but no peace deal.

There follows a war which will make 30,000 deaths and hundreds of thousands of refugees. Despite a ceasefire signed in 1994 and Russian-American-French mediation known as the Minsk Group, armed clashes remain frequent there.

Before the clashes which began Sunday, September 27 , killing at least 40 people in 24 hours, the most important recent fights date back to April 2016. Nearly 110 people were killed during the resurgence of this conflict.

Two political systems that everything opposes

Armenia, a Christian country since the 4th century, has lived a tumultuous history since its independence in 1991. This poor and landlocked state has known its lot of revolts and murderous repressions, as well as very contested, against a backdrop of clientelist and authoritarian drifts by its various leaders.

Armenia says it is ready to discuss with the OSCE to re-establish a ceasefire in Nagorno-Karabakh

 Armenia says it is ready to discuss with the OSCE to re-establish a ceasefire in Nagorno-Karabakh AZERBAIDJAN-ARMENIA-OSCE: Armenia says it is ready to discuss with the OSCE to re-establish a cease-fire fire in Nagorno-Karabakh © Reuters / VAHRAM BAGHDASARYAN / PHOTOLURE ARMENIA SAYS READY TO DISCUSS WITH OSCE TO REBUILD A Cease-fire in Upper KARABAKH EREVAN (Reuters) - Armenia is ready to discuss with the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) to restore a ceasefire in the Nagorno-Karabakh enclave, the Armenian Foreign Ministry announced on Friday.

Armenia and Azerbaijan have accused each other of attacking residential areas as the conflict over the disputed Nagorno - Karabakh region rages on. Nagorno - Karabakh conflict in pictures. Fighting flared last month and has killed hundreds of people. Both sides signed a Russian-brokered truce last

Republic of Nagorno - Karabakh including Armenian -occupied territories surrounding Nagorno - Karabakh . Territory claimed by the Republic of A ceasefire was reached on 5 April between Azerbaijan and Armenia in Moscow. The Nagorno - Karabakh authorities also welcomed

In the spring of 2018, a peaceful revolution brought current Prime Minister Nikol Pachinian to power. The latter is leading widely acclaimed reforms to democratize institutions and root out corruption.

>> To (re) see: Nagorno-Karabakh, a powder keg at the gates of Europe

Azerbaijan, for its part, is a Shiite land, located on the shores of the Caspian Sea. The country has been under the control of a single family since 1993. Heydar Aliev, a former Soviet KGB general, ruled the state with an iron fist until October 2003, handing over power to his son Ilham, a few weeks ago. before dying.

Like his father, Ilham Aliev did not allow any opposition to emerge. In 2017, he made his wife Mehriban the country's first vice-president.

When Russia and Turkey get involved

Turkey, which has geostrategic ambitions in the former Soviet Caucasus and Central Asia, has made Azerbaijan, a Turkish-speaking country rich in hydrocarbons, its main ally of the region. This friendship is largely fueled by their common aversion to Armenia. Logically, Ankara supports Baku in its desire to take back Nagorno-Karabakh.

Yerevan reports attack by Azerbaijan on the capital of Nagorno-Karabakh

 Yerevan reports attack by Azerbaijan on the capital of Nagorno-Karabakh According to Armenian information, the capital of Nagorno-Karabakh was attacked by the armed forces of Azerbaijan on Friday. Several people were injured in the attacks on Stepanakert, a representative of the Ministry of Defense in Yerevan said on his Facebook page. "There are many civilians injured and civil infrastructure has been damaged," wrote Arzrun Owanissjan. He did not say which weapons were used in the attacks.

Fighting between Armenia and Azerbaijan over the disputed region of Nagorno - Karabakh has escalated dramatically after Baku accused Armenian forces of firing rockets at Ganja, which lies outside the contested territory. At least one civilian was killed and four more injured in the attack on

Fierce clashes between Azerbaijan ’s forces and Armenian separatists broke out in late September in the Nagorno - Karabakh region. As part of last week’s peace deal, Armenia agreed to return 15-20% of the Nagorno - Karabakh territory captured by Azerbaijan in recent fighting, including the historical

The Armenians also maintain a now secular hostility towards Turkey because of the genocide of some 1.5 million of theirs by the Ottoman Empire during the First World War . Turkey rejects this term and continues to speak of "reciprocal massacres".

>> To read: Tensions around Nagorno-Karabakh: Moscow wants to mediate the conflict

The great regional power remains however Russia, which maintains closer relations with Armenia than with Azerbaijan but sells weapons to both. Yerevan is an ally: the country has joined political, economic and military alliances dominated by Moscow, notably the Organization of the Collective Security Treaty.

Armenia needs a big Russian brother all the more because its Azerbaijani enemy is much richer, and has increased its military spending.

Kim Kardashian or Baku's oil: a war of influence

Azerbaijan, thanks to its oil manna, has undertaken in recent years to make itself known in the world, in the West in particular, beyond its reputation as a authoritarianism and nepotism.

Baku has notably invested in sponsorship, in particular in football and for Euro-2020, postponed since due to the coronavirus epidemic. The country is also trying to establish itself in Europe as an alternative to Russian hydrocarbons.

Armenia has, as an asset for its notoriety, a vast and influential diaspora, heirs of the refugees from the Ottoman repressions. The world star of reality TV Kim Kardashian, singer Charles Aznavour, singer and actress Cher or the French world football champion Youri Djorkaeff. All of them have Armenian origins in common.

Some have become unofficial ambassadors of Yerevan, such as Kim Kardashian on the genocide, or Charles Aznavour who raised funds to help Armenia after the devastating earthquake of 1988.

With AFP

Nagorno-Karabakh. The bombings undermine the hopes of a truce .
© AFP / Bulent Kilic Azerbaijani relief workers killed a victim of the bombing in Gandja, the country's second largest city on Sunday, October 11. A ceasefire, negotiated in Moscow by Russia, should have entered into force on Saturday 10 October. But again this Sunday, Armenian separatist forces from Nagorno-Karabakh and the Azerbaijani army accuse each other of continuing the bombing of civilian areas. Still no exchange of prisoners or bodies on this Sunday, October 11.

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