Entertainment Violence in Jerusalem East: Demography "is a determining factor"

14:10  12 may  2021
14:10  12 may  2021 Source:   rfi.fr

mosques and open businesses, an almost normal Ramadan in Jerusalem

 mosques and open businesses, an almost normal Ramadan in Jerusalem © Reuters - Ammar AWAD On the eve of the beginning of Ramadan, the mosque is neawn in Jerusalem. On April 12, 2021. for the second year in a row, the month of Ramadan is jostled by the sanitary crisis. But Jerusalem is an exception with most of the population vaccinated against CVIV-19. The eastern part of the city, annexed by Israel, houses the third holy place of Islam.

Affrontements entre forces de sécurité israéliennes et Palestiniens à Jérusalem-Est, le 9 mai 2021. © AP - Ariel Schalit clashes between Israeli and Palestinian security forces in Jerusalem-East, May 9, 2021.

in the night of Tuesday to Wednesday, Hamas has multiplied rocket fires to Israeli cities, killing five people, while the Israeli army rossed by strikes in Gaza where the balance sheet reports at least 35 dead. The violence started at Jerusalem in full Ramadan and when Israeli settlers tried to expel Palestinian families from a busy Jerusalem neighborhood. For the historian specialist in Jerusalem, the question of demography between Jewish and Arab populations is paramount in these events.

RFI: Can you explain to us how demography is an important point in the clashes that are taking place at this time in Jerusalem East?

These students in modeiring this icon of our childhood

 These students in modeiring this icon of our childhood This is the first time that a large international human rights NGO takes over the term "apartheid" in its account © Ahmad Gharabli / AFP the Israeli police to Jerusalem, April 23, 2021.

Vincent Lemire: This is a determining factor in what is happening. It should be known that in 1967, after the six-day war, 75% of the population of Jerusalem was Jewish and Israeli. And today, this share is reduced to only 60%. The Palestinian population of Jerusalem, which represented 25% of the total population of Jerusalem in 1967, now represents 40% of this population. So there is indeed a concern, especially in the Israeli nationalist extreme right, facing this demographic resistance of the Palestinian population of Jerusalem which is more than a resistance since we see that this proportion tends to increase with the years.

And that's what pushes Jewish nationalists to try to occupy more and more Jerusalem-East?

Indeed, there is a framework scheme that aims to try to reduce the Palestinian population of Jerusalem to 30% maximum of the total population. We are at 40% today, so the goal is 30%. For that, indeed, the expulsion of Palestinian families of Jerusalem East is one of the tools, the second tool is the withdrawal of the right of residence for the Palestinians leaving the city and the region for more than five years . But this second leverage gives very little results because the Palestinians of Jerusalem, like any migrant population, if she knows that we will never go back to the country again, she returns after five years . What makes this measure finally, it has rather helped to a demographically set the Palestinian population in Jerusalem-is that anything else. And what is very striking is that the Palestinian population of Jerusalem has been multiplied by four since 1967 while in Jerusalem West, the Israeli Jewish population has only been multiplied by 2.5.

Jerusalem: At least 55 injured in clashes on the esplanade mosques

 Jerusalem: At least 55 injured in clashes on the esplanade mosques © provided by the point to u less 49 Palestinians and six Israeli policemen were injured on Friday, May 7 at rare clashes between Muslim faithful and Forces of the Order who penetrated the esplanade of the mosques in Jerusalem East, indicated the Palestinian Red Crescent. The spokesman for the Israeli police, Wassem Badr, reported "violent disorders" in a statement to the Agence France-Presse .

Is there something new in these clashes, first in Jerusalem and then moving to Gaza, or is it still the same story that comes back regularly?

clearly for me, this sequence is radically new. The Gaza sequence with rockets and the Israeli riposte is very classic. On the other hand, what happened in the days and the previous weeks in Jerusalem, it's new. It is the young Palestinians who mobilize spontaneously for the defense of a public, common, accessible space, on which they can meet freely. And we had the "gantry crisis" in July 2017 [Israeli decision to install metal detectors at the entrance of this holy place of Islam, NDLR] around the esplanade of the mosques. Then, about fifteen days, what happened around the door of Damascus: the Israeli police had installed metal barriers that prevented young Palestinians and their families together after breaking fasting during Ramadan . In fact, this Palestinian youth has chosen this land of clashes and has managed to reduce the Israeli police again that withdrew these security barriers. And then, we had these last days young Palestinians who have literally barricaded inside the esplanade of the mosques, inside the mosques themselves, and have managed to reduce the Israeli security services. They do not necessarily want the final victory, they want to win a battle after the other. And that, it seems very striking and I think it's a tactic that is rather successful so far.

sad end of Ramadan in Jerusalem, where the lull does not erase the .
violence supplied by the d10 years of the old town of Jerusalem, the effervescence reads in the eyes of the children, dressed in their most Beautiful shirts. But, for this end of Ramadan, if the hearts seem to the party, the spirits remain worked by the violence of the last days. The sun's rays percent just the night that Palestinians already hurry towards the esplanade of the mosques, the third holy place of Islam, for the morning prayers of Eid el-Fitr.

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