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Money Higher public debt slowed private debt: Poloz

06:46  14 march  2018
06:46  14 march  2018 Source:   msn.com

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Bank of Canada Governor Stephen Poloz says Ottawa's accumulation of public debt may be restraining the growth of private debt . THE CANADIAN PRESS/Chris Young (THE CANADIAN PRESS).

Private and public debt loads are closely influenced by the mixture of how much the government spends and the level of monetary policy, such as the key interest rate, Bank of Canada governor Stephen Poloz said Saturday.

OTTAWA - The federal government's steps to amass more public debt have helped Canadians avoid an even faster build-up of their personal debt loads, even though such household burdens have still managed to hit historic highs, the Bank of Canada governor said Tuesday.

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Public debt (loan taken by the government or government debt ) and private debt (loan taken by an, individual) have the following points of differences. The payment of public debt is done through taxing the people. Additional taxation is levied on the people with a view to repay the amount of loan.

The governor of the Bank of Canada says the federal government's steps in the last couple of years to take on more public debt has helped prevent an even faster build-up of household debt that has still managed to climb to historic highs.

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Stephen Poloz said Ottawa's spending in the last couple of years on programs such as enhanced child benefits and infrastructure, have contributed to economic growth.

The extra public investments have also helped push interest rates up to a level higher than they would have been without the government stimulus, he said.

From there, those higher rates have helped slow the accumulation of household debt and, while it's still climbed to record levels, it's lower than it otherwise would have been had Canada continued with government belt-tightening approaches of the past, Poloz said.

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Public debt usually only refers to national debt . But some countries also include the debt owed by states, provinces, and municipalities. When it appears the debt is approaching a critical level, investors usually start demanding a higher interest rate. They want more return for the higher risk.

Both public and private debt can be used strategically. Individuals and businesses can use debt to build their credit reputations in anticipation of large purchases, such as real estate transactions, in the future. Companies also can use debt to fuel growth strategies designed to boost income and profit

"It's always hard to imagine the counterfactual, but if rates had to stay lower for longer that would mean more household debt — and the federal government has accumulated some fiscal debt instead," Poloz said as he responded to questions following his speech at Queen's University in Kingston, Ont.

a man wearing a suit and tie© Provided by thecanadianpress.com

"And I think that's a trade-off that, of course, you have to make in policy-making space."

All things considered, Poloz added that this "mix has worked better for the economy than the old mix."

He said he didn't want to comment on the merits of specific fiscal policies of the past. But he noted the current approach has helped guide Canada's economy closer to reaching its full capacity, or "home," as Poloz calls it.

His remarks come a couple of weeks after the Trudeau government tabled a federal budget that has faced criticism for its plan to continue running annual multibillion-dollar deficits across the five-year projection horizon — despite the country's surprisingly strong economic performance.

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Poloz says more government spending and higher interest rates lead to lower private -sector debt —and higher public debt .

(c) Public Debt for Development Purposes: During British rule in India public debt had to be raised to construct railways, irrigation projects and other works. By diverting society’s limited capital from productive private to unproductive public sector public debt acts as a growth-retarding factor.

The government opted to use billions of dollars worth of fresh fiscal space for new investments, a decision that left it with no timeline to return to balance.

Finance Minister Bill Morneau argues the new spending will lift long-term growth and insists his earlier investments have already produced encouraging economic results. Morneau has also made efforts to reassure the public that the new commitments will be carried out in a responsible way.

In response to a journalist's question, Poloz said Tuesday he agreed with the view consumers are now facing high debt loads because that took over a debt-accumulation void left by governments. Many governments shifted to austerity mode once they had shut down the massive stimulus measures put in place after the 2008 financial crisis.

"Because we were in a place where the economy was facing significant head winds, downward shocks, somebody was going to accumulate some debt if we were to keep the economy closer to full employment," Poloz said.

He said household debt has been one of the central bank's top concerns for quite some time and it's figuring prominently in the list of issues he's watching closely as the economy adjusts to higher rates.

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He said household debt has been one of the central bank’s top concerns for quite some time and it’s figuring prominently in the list of issues he’s watching closely as the economy adjusts to higher rates. The bank estimates the economy may be as much as 50 per cent more sensitive to a given rate of

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The bank estimates the economy may be as much as 50 per cent more sensitive to a given rate of interest than it was about a decade ago, he added.

Still, despite record levels of household debt, he said default levels remain very low and the system is performing well.

Citing trade-policy uncertainties, such as those related to the United States, the bank held off moving its trend-setting rate last week. It has hiked the benchmark three times since last summer thanks to a stronger-than-expected economy.

"Even I don't know when interest rates may go up again," Poloz said.

"That's because we're truly dependent on the data as they evolve in the economy because that will help us in real time to understand where we really are relative to what I call home."

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More evidence of fraud in Canadian mortgages, warns ratings agency S&P .
S&P Global Ratings says it expects more evidence of Canadian residential mortgage fraud could emerge amid high household debt and home prices. The ratings agency raised its economic risk rating for the Canadian banking sector to three from two on a 10-point scale. The increase did not result in a change to any of the bank ratings. S&P; said it believes that high house prices and household debt relative to household disposable income increase incentives for fraud such as overstating income in order to meet a lender's qualifying criteria.

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