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Money From farm to factory, Canadian dairy industry has no time for Trump

13:06  14 june  2018
13:06  14 june  2018 Source:   cbc.ca

Alberta dairy industry slams Trump statements amid developing trade war

  Alberta dairy industry slams Trump statements amid developing trade war Alberta dairy farmers at the centre of a developing trade war between Canada and the U.S. are calling President Donald Trump’s targeting of the Canadian industry unfair. Following a tense G7 meeting, Trump called Prime Minister Justin Trudeau “dishonest and weak” on Twitter, in reference to statements Trudeau made in a press conference regarding retaliatory […]Alberta dairy farmers at the centre of a developing trade war between Canada and the U.S. are calling President Donald Trump’s targeting of the Canadian industry unfair.

From the farm to the factory , Canada 's dairy sector has no time for the American president's threats. Charlebois calls Trump 's attacks a short-term problem, but said it might be time to start thinking about supply management 2.0.

"It's really stressful," Strebel said, referring to U.S. President Donald Trump 's sustained attack on Canada 's dairy sector. Yesterday, in Singapore, the American president repeated what he'd tweeted earlier from Air Force One, after leaving the G7 summit in La Malbaie, Que.

a man standing next to a cow: Peter Strebel inherited his dairy farm from his father, who started with 50 cows in 1976. It's since grown to a herd of 150 cows, and Strebel hopes to one day pass the business on to his sons.© Jaela Bernstien/CBC Peter Strebel inherited his dairy farm from his father, who started with 50 cows in 1976. It's since grown to a herd of 150 cows, and Strebel hopes to one day pass the business on to his sons.

A generation after Peter Strebel's father started a farm in 1976 with 50 Holsteins, Canada's dairy sector is at the heart of a mounting trade war, and Strebel fears the survival of farms like his is at stake.

It's a sunny day in June, and normally Strebel would be spending every moment working in the fields on his farm in Saint-Blaise-sur-Richelieu, Que.

But he's given up his precious time to speak with CBC News, because he says it's important to defend supply management.

Sheltered Canadian dairy sector skimming global exports, U.S. complains

  Sheltered Canadian dairy sector skimming global exports, U.S. complains Sheltered Canadian dairy sector skimming global exports, U.S. complainsCanada controls dairy supplies, prices and imports, and the system has recently become the main target of Trump's verbal attacks amid talks toward a new trade agreement.

Trump ’s latest trade war target is Canada ’s protected dairy industry . Trump ’s latest trade war target is Canada ’s protected dairy industry . But Canadians have no intention of abandoning it – because it Dairy cows nuzzle a barn cat as they wait to be milked at a farm in Granby, Quebec.

Submitted by Canadian Broadc on Wed, 06/13/2018 - 14:43. A generation after Peter Strebel's father started a farm in 1976 with 50 Holsteins, Canada 's dairy sector is at the heart of a mounting trade war, and Strebel fears the survival of farms like his is at stake.

"It's really stressful," Strebel said, referring to U.S. President Donald Trump's sustained attack on Canada's dairy sector.

Yesterday, in Singapore, the American president repeated what he'd tweeted earlier from Air Force One, after leaving the G7 summit in La Malbaie, Que.

"They don't take our farm products — many of them. They charge what was 270 per cent, but somebody told me the other day that a few months ago they raised it to 295 per cent for dairy products," Trump said.

"It's very unfair to our farmers.… They have tremendous barriers up. They have tremendous tariffs," Trump said.

But those so-called barriers — part of what's known as supply management — have been enshrined in Canada's dairy sector for more than 40 years.

"If you really dismantle the whole supply management system, I guess probably within five years half the farms in Canada would disappear," Strebel said.

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"The other half would probably just kind of imitate the American system — getting larger, having over-production, needing to have government support or subsidies to keep the industry alive."

a group of people standing next to a cow: Nearly 37 per cent of Canada's dairy cows are in Quebec, on family farms like Ferme Strebel et fils. Dairy producers say that without supply management, they'd struggle to survive.© Jaela Bernstien/CBC Nearly 37 per cent of Canada's dairy cows are in Quebec, on family farms like Ferme Strebel et fils. Dairy producers say that without supply management, they'd struggle to survive.

The largest concentration of Canada's dairy cows (nearly 37 per cent) are in Quebec, where most are on family-owned farms like Ferme Strebel et fils.

Before 1971, when supply management came into effect, Strebel said, dairy farmers had no stability. Price and demand could change drastically from one day to another.

But the introduction of tariffs on imported dairy, as well as quotas and fixed prices, allowed family-owned farms like his to thrive.

Strebel said it's partly why he's been able to grow his father's business into a 150-cow herd.

Trump attacks put focus on supply management

  Trump attacks put focus on supply management OTTAWA - U.S. President Donald Trump upped the ante on Canada's supply-managed dairy system over the weekend as he repeatedly warned that the country would face repercussions unless it is dismantled. Here's what you need to know about supply management, including why Trump wants to get rid of it — and why federal governments of all stripes have said no: The Basics Supply management in its current form has been around since the 1970s and applies to three main segments of the farming industry: dairy, eggs and poultry.The system basically limits production by allowing only a certain amount of each to be produced.

From farm to factory , Canadian dairy industry has no time for Trump . Donald Trump Takes Aim at Canada ' s 'Unfair' Dairy Industry | Time - time .com. President Donald Trump just targeted a new opponent — Canada ’ s dairy trade industry .

From farm to factory , Canadian dairy industry has no time for Trump . Saskatchewan currently has 165 dairy farms , which are all family-owned, according to SaskMilk. Smith said Canada has been able to successfully negotiate trade deals with 44 countries without scrapping supply management.

Growth hormone in U.S. dairy

From the farm to the factory, Canada's dairy sector has no time for the American president's threats.

a man cooking in a kitchen preparing food: Ashley Chapman, of Chapman's Ice Cream, says he would never want to use American dairy in his products because it contains bovine growth hormone.© CBC Ashley Chapman, of Chapman's Ice Cream, says he would never want to use American dairy in his products because it contains bovine growth hormone.

Chapman's Ice Cream, based in Markdale, Ont., uses roughly 1.5 million litres of Canadian cream each year, and wants to keep it that way.

While eliminating tariffs on dairy imports would mean lower costs, vice-president Ashley Chapman remains against it, as a matter of principle.

"Canadian dairy is far superior in my opinion. Our entire industry is far superior in quality, animal husbandry rights, anything you could possibly think of." he said.

He said he's 100 per cent in favour of keeping supply management in place, even if it's a competitive disadvantage.

Chapman isn't comfortable using American milk, partly because the U.S. allows its cows to be injected with bovine growth hormones — a practice that has never been approved in Canada.

"We would never want to get into a position where we were selling our products to Canadians with all this garbage in the dairy," he said.

Trump wants us out of business: Dairy farmers

  Trump wants us out of business: Dairy farmers Trump wants us out of business: Dairy farmersYet even as it did so, some in this country were calling for major reforms to the very system of protections for Canada's dairy, egg and chicken farmers that first ignited — and has continued to sustain — Trump's anger: supply management.

Trump 's tearing into Canada 's agricultural policy. Does he have a point? From farm to factory , Canadian dairy industry has no time for Trump .

The U.S. dairy industry is getting hammered in trade disputes with Mexico, China and Canada , putting Wisconsin farms already in trouble at even greater risk. Wholesale cheese and butter prices have slumped in recent weeks as buyers and sellers worry about the effect of new tariffs on dairy products

Time for supply management 2.0?

Canada's dairy producers also criticize Trump for cherry-picking his facts in the trade dispute, and glossing over the fact that American farmers get a leg up through subsidies.

Yet Trump's words still sting, and have already contributed to some political fallout in Canada.

"It is a sacred cow — no pun [intended] — in Canada. And he's taking advantage of it," said Sylvain Charlebois, a professor in food distribution and policy at Dalhousie University.

Charlebois calls Trump's attacks a short-term problem, but said it might be time to start thinking about supply management 2.0.

"We can no longer say that the system works and needs to be protected. It needs change. It needs to be modernized," he said.

"We are the only industrialized country in the world with a system like this. We're the only one left."

Strebel has no qualms with modernizing supply management, as long as its core remains.

He says the industry continues to adapt and change — his father wouldn't recognize the farm the way it is today, he said.

Change is fine, Strebel said, as long as the next generation can survive it.

a white cow standing on top of a metal fence: Canadian dairy producers defend their practices compared with those south of the border, where they say the animals' quality of life — and the quality of the product — suffers.© Jaela Bernstien/CBC Canadian dairy producers defend their practices compared with those south of the border, where they say the animals' quality of life — and the quality of the product — suffers.
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