Offbeat: This is the face of a dog that lived 4,500 years ago, experts say - PressFrom - Canada
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OffbeatThis is the face of a dog that lived 4,500 years ago, experts say

11:07  15 april  2019
11:07  15 april  2019 Source:   news.sky.com

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The dog , standing about the size of a large collie, was domesticated in the Neolithic era on the archipelago, off mainland Scotland, but still bore the The head and features of a wolf-like dog that lived in Orkney 4 , 500 years ago has been recreated in the world's first canine forensic reconstruction.

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This is the face of a dog that lived 4,500 years ago, experts say© PA A model made from the skull of a dog found in an ancient mound on Orkney The face of a dog that lived around 4,500 years ago has been reconstructed after a skull was found in an ancient burial mound.

The animal's features were recreated by forensic artist Amy Thornton using a 3D print from a CT scan of the creature's cranium.

The dog's remains were discovered in a neolithic chambered cairn near the village of Grimbister, on the main island of Orkney, northern Scotland.

The site, called Cuween Hill, dates to around 3,000 BC, like many of the famous sites on the archipelago, but radiocarbon dating of the dog skull has discovered it was placed in the site around 500 years later.

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The face of a dog discovered in a tomb in Orkney has been revealed for the first time in more than 4,000 years . “But the remains discovered at Cuween Hill suggest that dogs had a particularly special significance for the farmers who lived around and used the tomb about 4 , 500 years ago .

For more than 500 years the remains of a young man, no older than 35, lay in a mass grave under what is now Dublin’s College Green. His skeleton and that of four other people were found in August 2014 by archaeologists excavating for the new Luas cross city works. They were found located in

This is the face of a dog that lived 4,500 years ago, experts say© Getty Dogs may have had a special significance for farmers in the area

The later placing of the bones suggest the animal's burial had ritual value, archaeologists believe.

Steve Farrar, interpretation manager at Historic Environment Scotland, which commissioned the reconstruction, said: "Just as they're treasured pets today, dogs clearly had an important place in neolithic Orkney, as they were kept and trained as pets and guards and perhaps used by farmers to help tend sheep.

This is the face of a dog that lived 4,500 years ago, experts say© PA Cuween Hill Chambered Cairn, Orkney, where a dog skull was discovered and a model made from its head

"But the remains discovered at Cuween Hill suggest that dogs had a particularly special significance for the farmers who lived around and used the tomb about 4,500 years ago.

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His research found that dogs evolved to be a separate species from wild wolves sometime between 20,000 and 40,000 years ago . One of the animals, which lived around 7,000 years ago , is the oldest recorded known dog specimen in the world, while the other two lived around 4 , 500 years ago .

The face of a dog discovered in a tomb in Orkney has been revealed for the first time in more than 4,000 years . "But the remains discovered at Cuween Hill suggest that dogs had a particularly special significance for the farmers who lived around and used the tomb about 4 , 500 years ago .

"Maybe dogs were their symbol or totem, perhaps they thought of themselves as the 'dog people.'"

The dog skull was one of 24 discovered when the site was excavated in 1901, as well as the remains of eight humans.

The dog that has been reconstructed was alive roughly the same time as Stonehenge was at its height in southern England and the Great Pyramid of Giza in Egypt was being built.

This is the face of a dog that lived 4,500 years ago, experts say© Other One of the ancient stone circles on Orkney

It was about the size of a large collie and looked similar to a European grey wolf.

More recent excavations have found evidence of a settlement downhill from the tomb, from the same period, which may be where the dog's owners lived.

At the time the dog was alive, there were dozens of settlements housing several thousand people on Orkney, which was one of the outstanding religious and cultural centres of Europe.

The neolithic sites of Skara Brae and the Ness of Brodgar are among the oldest stone buildings on the continent.

Evidence has been found of links between prehistoric Orkney and Stonehenge, with communities travelling between the two and exchanging ideas.

The domestication of dogs is believed to have occurred at least 15,000 years ago, with rock art and archaeological evidence in later millennia revealing they were often valued by hunting and farming communities.

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