Offbeat The oldest veleasen of North Africa discovered in Morocco

20:25  28 july  2021
20:25  28 july  2021 Source:   france24.com

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Des bifaces, outils caractéristiques des Acheuléens. © Museum of Toulouse, Creative Commons Bifaces, Tools characteristic of the channels.

Moroccan researchers announced Wednesday the discovery close to Casablanca, Morocco, the oldest Valer of North Africa, a prehistoric man who lived there is $ 1.3 million. The event provides important new elements to the debate on the emergence of its civilization on the continent.

An international team discovered the oldest Vocal of North Africa, a prehistoric man who lived 1.3 million years ago, near Casablanca, Morocco, indicated Wednesday, July 28 of Moroccan researchers having participated in the research program.

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Until now, archaeologists believed that the convertible culture, one of which is the invention of the bifaceous tools, during the lower paleolithic, had established 700,000 years ago in this part of Africa. North.

This "Major" discovery "enriches" the debate on the emergence of its civilization on the continent , according to Moroccan researchers. "With this new chronological rebound, almost double, the country is positioned at the continent (African) where the Acheroulean is documented at almost 1.8 million years in East Africa and 1.6 million years ago. Years in South Africa, "explained the Moroccan archaeologist Abdelouahed Ben Ncer.

This research, published in the British magazine Scientific Reports , mobilized 17 Moroccan, French and Italian researchers. It relies on the study of lithic tools (bifaces, choppers or spots) and geological extracts from the career site "Thomas I", not far from Casablanca, where research has been conducted since the 1980s.

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on This excavation site of about 1,000 m², archaeologists have discovered "one of the richest convertible assemblages in Africa," said the co-director of the Franco-Moroccan "Prehistory of Casablanca" program, Abderrahim Mohib, when A press conference in Rabat. "It's very important because we talk about prehistoric time, a complex period with little data."

The prehistoric man who lived in this region assimilated "the concept of predetermination", he explains. "He conceives the form of the tool he wants to have. It's a very important technological breakthrough for this old veleasen." In addition to 5,000 cut stones, researchers have found some remains of wildlife: hippopotamus, elephants, zebras, gazelles, without exhumering for the hour of human remains.

A Acherouleen from the East?

Has the AcheUlean migrated from the east to the north of the African continent because of possible climate change? According to the researcher, the question arises "because we have very little information about the Valesean dated 1.3 million years in East Africa".

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In addition, the geochemical study made it possible to identify the dust of the Sahara "but at the moment it is premature to decide".

Research has also discovered that the oldest inhabitants of Morocco were "variants of homo erectus", according to Abderrahim Mohib.

The Casablanca Prehistory Program is the result of the collaboration between the Moroccan Institute of Archeology (INSAP), Paul Valéry 3 University in Montpellier, and the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs. French and Italian laboratories also took part in this project.

In 2017, on the prehistoric site of Jebel Irhoud, in the Southwest, archaeologists had discovered the remains of "homo sapiens" of 300,000 years, the oldest in the world. This discovery had tamped the vision of human evolution.

The Paleolithic is the first and longest period of prehistory, which begins more than 3 million years ago and has completed 12,000 years ago.

with AFP

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