Sports Bundestag agrees with agricultural subsidies: organic farmers see themselves as losers of agrarian reform

19:35  10 june  2021
19:35  10 june  2021 Source:   tagesspiegel.de

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The agriculture is to become more environmentally friendly, but some pitfalls are in the law

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That does not often occur: In Germany, the Bundestag decides the implementation of a European law that does not yet exist. It is about European agricultural promotion. While the federal government and countries have already agreed on new conveyor principles, there is still a dispute at EU level. At the end of last month, the negotiations between Member States, European Parliament and the EU Commission failed. Now an agreement should be agreed by the end of June.

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Because the time is pushing. The transitional control with which the old rules have been extended expires at the end of 2022. From 2023, a new funding regime should come into force, which should apply until 2027. It's about a lot of money: The Joint Agricultural Policy (CAP) is one of the largest posts in the EU budget. A total of around 387 billion euros are to be distributed, German farmers get around six billion euros a year so far.

so far applies: the greater the operation, the more subsidies

of the lion's share of the money flows as a direct payment. The more area the courtyards have, the more support you get from the so-called first pillar. Pro hectares are currently around 260 euros to the farmers, around 80 percent of funding accounts for just 20 percent of companies. In a second, smaller column, environmentally friendly measures that support organic farming and animal welfare.

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That the largest peasants receive the thickest subsidies, thus in the future should be concluded. Farmers must provide environmental performance to continue to get full promotion from the first pillar. In addition, funds should be redesigned from the first to the second pillar.

About the principle one is agreed at EU level. But not about the concrete sums. The European Parliament wants 30 percent of the direct payments to environmental performance, the EU Commission had proposed 20 percent that Member States seem to be willing to accept 25 percent.

This corresponds to the German way . Although Federal Environment Minister Svenja Schulze (SPD) had demanded an even greater budget for environmental payments, it has remained 25 percent in the German law. However, more funds are now being redesigned from the first to the second pillar. Young farmers and small courtyes are supported with special bonuses.

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Agricultural Minister Klöckner speaks of system change

for Agricultural Minister Julia Klöckner (CDU) is the reform an entry into the "system change", which farmers demand additional efforts for the environment.

But farmers who are already working particularly ecologically see themselves as victims of reform. Organic farmers will get less money in the future than today, warns the top association Bölw. For many of the environmental measures that allow conventional farmers to compensate for the reduction of the area premium, are out of the question for the economic industry.

Why organic farmers could pull the shorter

An example is the waiver of chemical-synthetic pesticides. They have always been forbidden in eco-farming. Biobüber could lose through the reform up to 100 euros per hectare of promotion, the Bölw fears. That would be Paradox in the face of the goal of making agriculture more environmentally friendly.

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But there can be changes at EU level. Then Germany would have to re-improve again. The fact that Klöckner still gives gas is due to the general election: everything that is not decided in this legislature period. There would be much time lost. Klöckner wants to avoid that.

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